Central Mindanao was selected as the focus for the IPC pilot exercise in The Philippines as the lives and livelihoods of the population have been undermined by nearly 30 years of violence and conflict. In that time there has been ongoing fighting between the Government of the Republic Philippines (GoRP) and the main separatist groups, the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). In 2008, around 700,000 were displaced on the island, making it the “biggest new displacement” in the world- (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre). Although incidents of conflict still occur, the situation is steadily improving. Certain parts of the island are also prone to flooding which has destroyed crops and homes in the past. This has resulted in acute food security and livelihoods crisis. With gradual recovery, the current humanitarian activities will need to be adjusted.