Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - Philippines
Total affected population: 3,284,640
Total affected children (under 18): 1,970,784
Total people to be reached in 2016: 66,000
Total children to be reached in 2016: 53,700
2016 programme targets
• 45,000 mothers/caregivers accessed infant and young child counselling for appropriate feeding
• 1,450 children aged 6 to 59 months admitted to SAM programmes
• More than 75 per cent recovery rate for children treated for SAM
• 12,000 children fully covered with the Expanded Programme on Immunization
• 28,000 children under 5 years received vitamin A and de-worming medication
• 40,000 people accessed safe water and appropriate/adequate sanitation facilities
• 66,000 people informed of sanitation and safe hygiene practices
• 75 per cent of reported cases of grave child rights violations verified and responded to
• 3,000 communities, partners and stakeholders educated and informed on child rights and child protection.
• 12,000 conflict-affected and displaced children provided with psychosocial support
• 21,492 children accessed safe learning environments
• 53,700 children provided with learning materials and supplies
• 4,000 adolescents accessed life skills and psychosocial support.
HIV and AIDS
• 3,500 young people demonstrated correct knowledge in sexual health and HIV
Large parts of the Mindanao area remained unstable in 2015, with more than 360,000 people displaced between January and October. The causes of displacement have included chronic insecurity in the Sulu Archipelago, clan feuding, and the aftermath of the 2013 Zamboanga siege. As of late October, more than 4,000 people are displaced and 55 per cent of the displaced are children. The number of displaced persons has increased by 68 per cent since September 2014. The national elections, which are planned for May 2016, may increase the likelihood of insecurity, particularly in regards to the peace process in Mindanao. In addition to conflict and insecurity, the Philippines is prone to natural hazards, including typhoons, earthquake and volcanoes. The response to Typhoon Hagupit, which hit the country in December 2014, continued into 2015. Due to the El Niño weather phenomenon, more typhoons of greater size are predicted for 2016. Although the Government continues to increase its capacity to respond to emergencies, more extreme weather events will likely necessitate UNICEF assistance to complement government efforts.
UNICEF works in partnership with the Government of the Philippines in both humanitarian preparedness and response. UNICEF is an active participant in the 12 government-led response clusters under the Department of Social Welfare and Development; supports government leadership of the education cluster with the Department of Education; and supports the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, nutrition and psychosocial services ‘quad-cluster’ with the Department of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). UNICEF will employ two broad approaches in its 2016 country humanitarian strategy. The first relates to the ongoing humanitarian situation tied to the chronic conflict in Mindanao, where UNICEF is working at all levels of government, with humanitarian and development partners, and with affected communities to directly respond to the effects of this emergency. The second approach focuses on preparing for and responding to natural hazards and includes the prepositioning of stocks and supplies, as well as working with national and local governments on child-focused hazard mapping, preparedness activities and contingency planning. Wherever possible, UNICEF integrates disaster risk reduction, resilience building and system strengthening into its humanitarian programmes.
Results from 2015
As of 31 October 2015, UNICEF had received 144 per cent (US$15.8 million) of the US$11 million appeal, in addition to the US$17.7 million programmable balance carried forward from 2014. This generous funding has allowed UNICEF to surpass many of its original 2015 targets and preposition additional emergency supplies to respond to sudden deteriorations in the security situation due to conflict or natural hazards. In 2015, the UNICEF WASH programme was able to respond to a number of localized emergencies, such as the displacement of conflict-affected families in Mindanao; a water shortage in Basilan; and the displacement of indigenous families due to conflict in Tanda City and Davao City and in response to Typhoon Koppu. Efforts to reach children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga in 2015 resulted in the malnutrition screening of 52,719 children aged 6 to 59 months. Of these, 960 children with SAM were admitted to the programme and 420 children were discharged as recovered. Working with local government and civil society organizations, UNICEF provided learning materials and supplies in transitory sites for displaced persons with low school attendance rates in conflict affected Zamboanga City. An ongoing challenge has been the use of schools as evacuation centres for displaced populations. UNICEF has worked to advocate for the priority reconstruction of damaged classrooms to allow schooling to continue and to provide a safe learning environment for children.