Tropical Storm Ketsana swept across Manila and parts of Central Luzon on 26 September 2009, bringing months worth of rain in just 12 hours. On 3 October, Typhoon Parma made landfall in Northern Luzon, reversing track twice and bringing heavy rains over an area much larger than initially anticipated. Parma was followed by Typhoon Mirinae on 31 October, the third typhoon within a period of just over a month. On 28 September 2009, the Government of the Republic of the Philippines requested the assistance of the international community in responding to the effects of Ketsana in Regions IV-A, and the National Capital Region (NCR). A Flash Appeal was launched on 6 October 2009. On 19 October, following the impact of Parma and the predictions of further storms, the Government requested the UN to include areas affected by Typhoon Parma in the revised Flash Appeal.
Based on national census, government data and assessments carried out by UN agencies and NGOs, the overall number of people in need in all affected areas stands at 4,200,000 out of the total 10 million people affected. Some 45% of the people in need are female (1,890,000). Under-five are 12.4% (286,440 male, 234,360 female). To date, Regions I, II, III, IV-A, V, NCR, and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) have been most severely affected, requiring lifesaving response as well as projects geared towards early recovery. Of particular concern for humanitarian agencies are the estimated 1,700,000 people still displaced or living in areas that remain flooded. These areas are likely to remain flooded for another three or four months, resulting in serious health concerns due to build up of stagnant water. In the less populated regions of Northern Luzon, in addition to the lives and livelihoods lost, the timing and extent of the natural disasters have severely affected the critical planting season in what is the Philippine's main agricultural region. According to preliminary assessments conducted jointly by the Department of Agriculture (DoA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), some 100,000 – 120,000 farming households (500,000 people) in Region I, II, and III lost 100% of their production and assets.
Following the Government's request, and based on improved assessment data, the revised Flash Appeal will cover Region I, II, III, IV-A, V, NCR, and CAR, representing a caseload of approximately 4,200,000 people in need, whereas the original Flash Appeal was planned for 2,507,000 people. In line with policy to improve needs analysis and response in revised flash appeals, activities are planned according to the following categories, which should allow for a more targeted response that takes into account both life-saving and early recovery aspects, as well as highlighting areas still submerged in water:
- A1 - Life-saving activities in flooded areas - 1,700,000 persons
- A2 - Life-saving activities in other affected areas - 500,000 persons
- B1 - Resumption of livelihoods in flooded areas - 1,700,000 persons
- B2 - Resumption of livelihoods in other affected areas - 2,500,000 persons
- C – Coordination
With more data available, special attention will be paid to the most vulnerable sections of the affected population including children, women, older persons, and people living in areas that are still submerged. This revised Appeal is planned to run from November 2009 to March 2010. To support the Government, the international humanitarian community, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and UN agencies, is seeking $143,774,080 to address the immediate and early recovery needs of approximately 4,200,000 people affected by the storms and floods.
With the typhoon season expected to last until December, needs are continuously evolving and might require a flexible response adapting to the rapidly changing circumstances.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Summary of requirements and funding (grouped by cluster)
Table II. Summary of requirements and funding (grouped by priority)
Table I. Summary of requirements and funding (grouped by appealing organization)
2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES
2.1 CONTEXT AND RESPONSE TO DATE
2.2 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
3. RESPONSE PLANS
3.1 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
3.2 CLUSTER RESPONSE PLANS
3.2.1 FOOD AID
3.2.3 CCCM and NFIs
3.2.9 EARLY RECOVERY
3.2.12 LOGISTICS AND EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
ANNEX I. ACHIEVEMENTS TO DATE AGAINST CLUSTER OBJECTIVES IN INITIAL PHILIPPINES FLASH APPEAL
ANNEX II. LIST OF PROJECTS AND CONTRIBUTIONS TO DATE
PROJECTS GROUPED BY SECTOR/CLUSTER
LIST OF COMMITMENTS/CONTRIBUTIONS AND PLEDGES TO PROJECTS IN THE APPEAL
LIST OF COMMITMENTS/CONTRIBUTIONS AND PLEDGES TO PROJECTS NOT LISTED IN THE APPEAL
SUMMARY OF APPEAL REQUIREMENTS BY IASC STANDARD SECTOR
ANNEX III. PHILIPPINES TYPHOON SEASON 2009 ASSESSMENT SUMMARY
ANNEX IV. INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES EMERGENCY APPEAL
ANNEX IV. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net
Full project details can be viewed, downloaded and printed from www.reliefweb.int/fts.
Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.
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