Philippines

Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Flash Appeal 2004 for Philippines Floods

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published


1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The United Nations Flash Appeal seeks US$ 6.4 million to meet the relief and emergency rehabilitation needs of those affected by four consecutive typhoons and tropical storms.

In a span of three weeks in November and December 2004 landslides and flash floods resulting from these typhoons and storms caused widespread destruction, particularly on the Eastern coast of the main island of Luzon. As of 13 December, the Government reported 1,060 dead, 1,023 injured and 559 missing. Houses, infrastructure, and agricultural crops were wiped out and replaced by a thick layer of mud, fallen trees, and logs.

The Government of the Philippines, with the assistance of the international community and non-governmental organisations, mounted an immediate relief operation. Helicopters and boats are being utilised to shuttle in food, drinking water and relief supplies and to evacuate the injured in those areas where road access is still impossible. Continued relief assistance is needed, particularly in these remote and inaccessible areas. Emergency rehabilitation activities require immediate support in order to restore provision of life-sustaining services.

The United Nations system in the Philippines responded instantly, with the United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) meeting with the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC). The NDCC quickly indicated the urgent relief requirements and requested the United Nations Resident Coordinator to mobilise international assistance. The Resident Coordinator alerted bilateral and multilateral donors. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO) and the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) (pre-positioned funds from Ireland and Norway) provided emergency grants. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) responded with emergency programmes. The United Nations system in total has contributed US$ 1 million (including rapid emergency grants from Australia and New Zealand). In addition, international donors have contributed US$ 12 million bilaterally or through relief agencies, including US$ 7 million for significant airlift and logistics operations.

With the full agreement of the Government, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Geneva dispatched a UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team. The role of the UNDAC team was to support the response of the Government and the UNDMT. The in-country UN agencies, UNDAC, and a World Food Programme (WFP) expert conducted rapid assessments of the relief and emergency rehabilitation requirements in the disaster areas.

The United Nations system in the Philippines, on the basis of their assessment and the data provided by the Government, seeks US$ 6.4 million to meet the relief and emergency rehabilitation needs of the most vulnerable for a period of three months from mid-December 2004 to mid-March 2005. The Flash Appeal has been prepared in close consultation with the Government of the Philippines and the

Red Cross movement - the latter will launch its own appeal concurrently. The Flash Appeal supports their efforts, and those of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), in the critical phase in which the affected population are far from the attention of the international community but in urgent need of continuing relief and emergency rehabilitation assistance.

Priority sectors addressed in this Flash Appeal are:

  • Food for Recovery
  • Health
  • Shelter
  • Agriculture and Livelihoods
  • Water and sanitation
  • Education
  • Non Food Items
  • Disaster-preparedness

The members of the UNDMT which hereby appeal for funds are UNDP, UNICEF, WHO, UN-Habitat and FAO, with the support of OCHA. As the majority of the items requested are available in the country, donors are kindly invited to respond with cash contributions.
Philippines Flash Appeal 2004
Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation
as of 13 December 2004
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Appealing Organisation
Original Requirements (US$)
FAO
400,000
OCHA
40,000
UNDP
3,540,000
UN-HABITAT
950,000
UNICEF
1,100,000
WHO
365,635
Grand Total
6,395,635
Philippines Flash Appeal 2004
Summary of Requirements - by Sector
as of 13 December 2004
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Sector Name
Original Requirements (US$)
FOOD
2,710,000
HEALTH
545,635
FAMILY SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
2,040,000
AGRICULTURE
400,000
WATER AND SANITATION
300,000
EDUCATION
120,000
ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
190,000
COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
90,000
Grand Total
6,395,635

2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES

2.1 Context

The Philippines was hit by four extreme weather disturbances in the three weeks from November 14 to December 4, 2004. The affected areas, as outlined on the map, are as follows:

Disturbance
Date
Affected Areas
Tropical Storm Unding (Muifa)
Nov 14-21
The centre, south and east of Luzon Island, eastern Visayas
Tropical Depression Violeta (Merbok)
Nov 22-23
The centre and east of Luzon Island
Tropical Depression Winnie
Nov 28-30
Whole Luzon Island except its northwest
Typhoon Yoyong (Nanmadol)
Dec 1- 4
Whole of Luzon Island and eastern Visayas

These events triggered landslides and flash floods, and together with the associated high winds caused destruction and damage to homes, community buildings, communications, infrastructure, roads, bridges, and agricultural crops. The worst affected areas were the provinces of Aurora and Quezon in eastern Luzon Island, although significant damage was also recorded in the provinces of Nueva Ecija, Mindoro Oriental, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Nueva Viscaya, Quirino, Isabela, Cagayan, and Kalinga. Most of the hardest-hit areas are coastal municipalities lying along the slopes of mountain ranges. One of the most severely affected areas is the triangular low-lying plain east of the Sierra Madre mountain range in Quezon province, where the municipalities of General Nakar, Infanta and Real are located.

Immediate Government relief operations were complemented by significant contributions from Filipino nationals and the private sector. On 02 December the Government of the Philippines made a request for international assistance to the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator. National government agencies, the UN agencies, the UNDAC Team, the Philippine National Red Cross Society (PNRC), international agencies, and NGOs have since conducted needs assessment missions and provided immediate emergency assistance. Government estimates of damages in all affected areas are as follows:

  • Total population affected by the four disasters - 3.6 million
  • Total population displaced - 880,000
  • Houses damaged - 130,000
  • Houses destroyed - 38,000
  • Damage to crops, fisheries and livestock - US$ 52 million
  • Infrastructure - US$ 19 million
  • School buildings - US$ 6.1 million
  • Health facilities - US$ 1.1 million

2.2 Humanitarian Consequences

Continued delivery of relief supplies is required to those areas still isolated by the landslides and flash floods. The municipalities of Infanta, Real and General Nakar remain only accessible by air, sea and foot, and are likely to remain so for much of December at least. Priority relief items are food, potable water, paediatric medicines, sanitation, and shelter items. Repair of damaged and destroyed bridges and roads as well as the restoration of electricity would allow the expeditious delivery of relief goods, and facilitate local recovery. The Government is undertaking access work but a succession of destroyed bridges requires a consecutive rather than concurrent approach.

At the time of writing, efforts are focussing on starting emergency rehabilitation of public facilities (for example, schools and hospitals) and housing. Some areas, however, remain totally dependent on relief assistance provided by foot, air and sea. Particular attention needs to be paid to the indigenous people who live in the more remote locations. Hence, there is a need for a combination of continued delivery of emergency relief and the provision of emergency rehabilitation assistance that promotes self-sufficiency, e.g. shelter and construction materials and schemes such as food for recovery. It is encouraging to note that the large majority of affected people are leaving evacuation centres, but those remaining in these centres need immediate care. The number of internally displaced people remains high (over 880,000). The disruption of access to safe drinking water and the breakdown of waste management represent a major threat to health, and the risk of outbreaks of water-borne diseases is looming.

Access problems remain substantial and hamper a thorough analysis of needs in all sectors. Therefore, the current Flash Appeal addresses only requirements for relief and emergency rehabilitation for a period of three months. It is essential that flexibility be retained as expert's complete in-depth sectoral assessments and agencies adapt responses accordingly.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Table I: Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation and By Sector

2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES
  • 2.1 Context
  • 2.2 Humanitarian Consequences

3. RESPONSE PLANS
  • 3.1 Food for Recovery
  • 3.2 Health
  • 3.3 Shelter
  • 3.4 Agriculture and Livelihoods
  • 3.5 Water and Sanitation
  • 3.6 Education
  • 3.7 Non Food Items
  • 3.8 Disaster Preparedness

4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
  • Table II: List of Projects - By Appealing Organisation
  • Table III: List of Projects - By Sector

ANNEX I. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.

Full Original Flash Appeal [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]

* Get the Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)

For additional copies, please contact:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
Fax: (41 22) 917.0368
E-Mail: cap@reliefweb.int

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.