Armed clashes have intensified between the Myanmar Armed Forces (MAF) and various local People’s Defence Forces (PDFs) across northwest and southeast Myanmar. This has resulted in further destruction of civilian property and increasing internal and cross-border displacement. As of 3 January 2022, 192,300 people remain displaced in the southeast (87,800 in Kayah, 74,200 in Kayin, 7,200 in Mon and 1,300 in Tanintharyi). According to the Thai government, more than 4,700 displaced people have been staying in Thailand. In northwest Myanmar, more than 1,550 houses and other civilian properties, including churches and schools, have reportedly been destroyed or burnt down since the military takeover, and 157,500 people remain displaced (103,200 in Sagaing, 20,100 in Magway, and 33,800 in Chin), as of 3 January 2022. Humanitarian access to people in need in these parts of the country remains restricted due to the security situation, military checkpoints and lack of access approvals. In the southeast, some partners have suspended their operations following intense fighting in Kayah State in December. Local partners have been providing basic assistance to newly displaced people where possible, but this is not sufficient to address the emerging needs. WFP was able to provide food rations to 100 IDPs in Mindat Township, Chin State for two months in late December 2021. However, hundreds of thousands of people across the country are still without sufficient food, medicine and warm clothes.
Floods and landslides in Jayapura city in Papua Province on 6 – 9 January have resulted in eight deaths and have directly affected some 8,000 people, including around 1,000 people who were displaced from their homes. On 4 - 8 January, six districts in Aceh Province were also affected by flooding, resulting in 3 deaths, around 9,000 houses inundated, 16,338 households affected, and some some 30,000 people displaced. Flashfloods in Jember in East Java on 9 January inundated 440 houses and directly affected 1,668 people. In these disaster-affected areas, local governments, the Indonesian Red Cross, and NGOs have provided basic humanitarian assistance, as well as conducted evacuation, rapid assessment and coordination. Provincial and national government have complemented response efforts.
The humanitarian response continues three weeks since the landfall of super typhoon Rai, which is estimated to have damaged 1,234,079 houses (339,303 totally damaged; 894,776 partially damaged). According to Government report, 170,589 displaced people remain in 1,025 evacuation centers (ECs) in six regions. Priority concerns are access to electricity, potable water, and WASH facilities. The displaced people are also at higher risk of COVID-19 infection because of overcrowding in evacuation centers. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has distributed US$10 million worth of assistance – including food, water and non-food items, with additional reserves of $17 million in funding and in-kind assistance available in warehouses. Since the launch of the Humanitarian Needs and Priorities (HNP), funding received is at $20.6 million (or 19.2 per cent) within the HNP and another $28.6 million outside the HNP. Funding received for HNP includes a $12 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) which has been allocated to IOM, UNICEF, WFP and UNFPA.
Heavy rainfall since 3 January have caused flash floods in the low-lying coastal areas of Gwadar, Killa Abdullah and Kech districts. The floods caused three deaths in Chaman district and injured more than 300 in the affected districts. Initial reports estimated that more than 500 mud houses were destroyed in the areas of Jiwnai, Pishukan, Surbandar and Ormara in Gwadar District. The Pakistan Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) declared an emergency on 5 January in the worst affected Gwadar and Pasni Tehsil in Gwadar District and in Balnigor in Kech District. According to initial estimates, 10,000 families have been affected in Gwadar. The most priority needs of the affected people are emergency tents, blankets and warm clothing. Over 1,000 vehicles had been reported to be stranded near the Pakistan-Iran border due to road closures earlier last week. The PDMA in Balochistan has mobilized dewatering pumps, tents, generators and non-food items to the most affected areas of Kech and Gwadar districts. The Pakistan Armed Forces assisted the civil administration in rescue and relief efforts. Additional supplies of food, tents, stoves, blankets are being provided by Sindh local authorities to communities, particularly along coastal areas of Pasni, Surbandar, Nigore and Jiwani.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.