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Asia and Pacific - Storms, Floods, and Tsunami Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2010

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

- On October 14, Tropical Storm Ketsana made landfall in Vietnam, bringing heavy rain to five northern provinces. The Government of Vietnam (GoV) pre-emptively evacuated nearly 30,000 people; however, the GoV National Center for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting predicts the storm will weaken before causing severe flooding.

- An October 13 USAID/OFDA charter flight delivered relief items, including 20,064 hygiene kits, 50,060 bars of soap, and 20,400 10-liter collapsible water containers, to Manila to support relief efforts in the Philippines, in coordination with the U.S. Embassy in Manila and Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GoRP) authorities. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) received the commodities and plans to deliver the assistance to more than 20,000 flood-affected families.

- The U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Sir John Holmes arrived in Manila on October 12 to meet with GoRP officials and observe humanitarian response activities during a two-day visit. On October 13, Holmes announced that, based on ongoing needs assessments, the U.N. would revise and possibly increase a $74 million flash appeal to aid storm-affected populations.

- A USAID/OFDA field officer deployed to Samoa joined staff from the U.S. Embassy in Apia on an October 10 assessment of tsunami-affected Upolo Island that included interviews with Government of Samoa officials, nongovernmental organization (NGO) staff, and local communities.

- On October 7, USAID/OFDA provided $100,000 through USAID/India to meet the immediate needs of affected populations, in accordance with a disaster declaration and request from U.S. Ambassador Timothy G. Roemer.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
Country
Estimated Affected Population
Source
India 247 dead; 2 million affected UNICEF - October 7, 2009
Laos 16 dead; 37,500 displaced; 170,000
affected
U.N. Laos Country Team - October 11,
2009
Philippines 712 dead; 300,373 displaced; 7,457,664 affected NDCC - October 14, 2009
Samoa 142 dead; 4,500 affected IFRC - October 11, 2009
Tonga 9 dead; 470 affected OCHA - October 10, 2009
Vietnam 163 dead; 29,995 evacuated IFRC - October 13, 2009

FY 2009 AND FY 2010 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to India for Floods: $100,000
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to Laos for Floods: $50,000
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to Philippines for Storms and Floods: $3,096,491
DoD Humanitarian Assistance to Philippines for Storms and Floods: $827,581
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to Samoa for Tsunami: $350,000
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to Tonga for Tsunami: $50,000
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to Vietnam for Typhoon: $600,000
Total USG Humanitarian Assistance to Asia and Pacific for Storms, Floods and Tsunami: $5,074,072

CURRENT SITUATION

- As of October 14 at 1100 hours Eastern Daylight Time, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) located the center of Tropical Storm Parma overland in Vietnam, approximately 52 miles east-southeast of Hanoi. Parma is rapidly diminishing in strength as a tropical storm. The JTWC forecasts that the storm will dissipate within 24 hours after bringing heavy rainfall to northern Vietnam.

India

- As of October 7, UNICEF reported that floods had affected approximately 2 million people in the southern Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states, killing 247 individuals. On October 8, a U.N. Country Team in India indicated that floods had displaced approximately 1.05 million people to relief camps and damaged or destroyed more than 370,000 houses.

- On October 13, Sphere India reported that Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka state governments foresee increased flooding if the region experiences heavy October to December post-monsoon rains. The report indicated that flood waters in much of the affected areas remain standing.

- The Indian Red Cross Society (IRSC) had distributed 2,500 stoves, 2,000 blankets, and 2,000 kitchen sets to the Karnataka State IRSC branch as of October 8 and planned to deploy water and sanitation units capable of producing 5,000 liters of water per hour to affected areas. UNICEF distributed 10,000 collapsible water containers and 25 water tanks to Mahbubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh, and the U.N. Population Fund had dispatched 24,000 dignity kits containing clothing and hygiene items to flood-affected individuals as of October 8.

Laos

- According to an October 11 U.N. Laos Country Team report, Typhoon Ketsana's impact on five southern provinces included an estimated 170,000 people affected, 9,602 households displaced, 16,279 livestock killed, and 825 houses and approximately 28,500 hectares of cropland damaged.

- On October 11, the U.N. announced plans to conduct a needs assessment to provide the basis for a joint appeal for humanitarian aid to Laos following Typhoon Ketsana, scheduled for issuance in the next two to three weeks.

- On October 9, the Government of Laos (GoL) Ministry of Foreign Affairs held a press conference to appeal for international assistance and report on assessed damages and needs determined during the GoL initial emergency response efforts.

- The U.N. activated emergency clusters in Laos on October 9. As of October 11, UNICEF had provided financial assistance for a water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assessment in Sekong Province, pre-positioned WASH items in the capital, Vientiane, and distributed 1 million chlorine tablets and 15,000 bars of soap. Additionally, the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) had delivered 150 metric tons (MT) of food assistance to affected populations, and the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) is supporting the Laos National Center for Laboratory and Epidemiology in implementing disease outbreak surveillance and response.

Philippines

- According to NDCC, Tropical Storm Ketsana (Ondoy) and Typhoon Parma (Pepeng) have affected more than 7.4 million people, leaving 712 individuals dead, more than 300,000 people displaced in shelters, and more than 137,000 houses damaged or destroyed as of October 14.

- Tropical Storm Parma departed the Philippines on October 9 after making landfall twice in northern Luzon Island, bringing heavy rains to a larger area than meteorologists initially anticipated. The October 14 Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration forecast indicates that central and southern Luzon and the Visayas island group will likely experience rain showers and thunderstorms in the next 24 hours that could trigger flashfloods and landslides.

- Tropical Storm Parma's second landfall particularly affected Region I and Cordillera Administrative Region, northwest Luzon, where landslides were the primary cause of death. On October 11, the GoRP Department of Science and Technology reported that floodwaters had begun receding in northern provinces. However, humanitarian agencies indicated that floodwaters may remain standing in the Manila and Lake Laguna areas through December.

- As of October 11, U.N. Health Cluster members, including a Médecins Sans Frontières medical team, were responding to a rise in acute watery diarrhea cases in San Pedro municipality, located southeast of Manila. WHO had provided 20 diarrheal kits, sufficient for treating up to 10,000 cases of the illness, to the GoRP Department of Health and NGOs providing emergency health services in affected areas.

Samoa

- The September 29 earthquake and associated tsunami in the Pacific killed 142 people in Samoa, and approximately 1,000 individuals remain displaced, according an October 11 IFRC report.

- On October 12, a USAID/OFDA field officer in Samoa stated that the tsunami had destroyed between 50 and 100 percent of fales, traditional open-air shelters, in affected villages. The field officer recommended the provision of plastic sheeting and construction tools to aid residents in rebuilding fales before the onset of the November to April rainy season, as well as hand-operated warning sirens to mitigate the impact of future disasters.

- The field officer reported that water mains along primary roads continue to provide safe drinking water; however, tests detected pathogenic coliform bacteria at taps in individual fales, indicating risk of water-borne disease. The field officer recommended a thorough water quality survey in affected villages.

- In coordination with the Samoan Water Authority, the Samoan Red Cross Society (SRCS) water tankering continues. The Samoan Ministry of Health has dispatched environmental health officers to conduct WASH awareness campaigns in affected areas.

Tonga

- The September 29 Pacific tsunami most seriously affected the northern Tongan island of Niuatoputapu, located 400 miles north of the capital, Nuku'Alofa. As of October 10, the tsunami had caused nine deaths and damaged or destroyed 225 houses, along with public buildings and water and sanitation systems, according to OCHA.

- OCHA reported that emergency relief needs had nearly been met as of October 10. The Government of Tonga indicated that it plans to release an early recovery plan this week, officially transitioning out of the emergency relief phase.

Vietnam

- As of October 13, Typhoon Ketsana and associated flooding have killed 163 people, injured 629 individuals, destroyed 21,611 houses, and flooded 294,711 others, according to IFRC.

- In addition to evacuating 29,995 individuals in preparation for Tropical Storm Parma, on October 13 the GoV instructed local authorities to prohibit ships from leaving harbor and to report on the number of ships remaining at sea in provinces in the storm's path. The GoV also placed 2,900 soldiers on standby to assist in potential emergency evacuations.

- As of October 12, WHO recorded 32,000 cases of skin disease, 4,200 influenza cases, 1,300 conjunctivitis cases, and 335 diarrhea cases in Ketsana-affected Quang Nam Province. In the central Vietnamese city of Danang, WHO reported that 300 people per day have received treatments for infectious diseases-10 times the usual rate.

- Floodwaters in the wake of Typhoon Ketsana have receded in many communities, but drinking water sources remain contaminated, according to IFRC, which is distributing water purification tablets as part of household kits. The GoV Ministry of Health has distributed water treatment chemicals to households to clean wells. However, persistent power cuts, which IFRC reports could continue another three weeks, have rendered water pumps and other common water delivery systems unusable.

- The GoV plans to release 10,000 MT of rice for distribution in flood-affected provinces. The IFRC stated that further food assistance will be necessary to avoid a food shortage due to damage to seeds and fields, which experts predict will delay the next harvest.