Peru

UNICEF Peru Humanitarian Situation Report #15 (31 Oct 2017)

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To date, UNICEF has provided humanitarian assistance in the areas of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Protection, Nutrition, Health and Education to 180,539 children and their families in the most affected districts of Piura.

  • UNICEF, in coordination with the Ministry of Housing, Constuction and Sanitation (MVCS), launched an emergency water supply network to optimize water supply to shelters in Km. 980 in Cura Mori District. The network will supply water to 5,000 people.

  • UNICEF and COOPI installed two temporary hybrid lighting systems that use wind and solar power in the shelters. The goal is to provide lighting to the main streets, 4 public meal centres, 3 management offices and 87 latrines, benefitting 3,500 people.

  • UNICEF served 3,820 children and adolescents in child-friendly spaces.

  • Psychosocial screening has been administered to 4,858 children and adolescents, of whom 1,113 are receiving services from the mobile mental health teams from the Community Mental Health Centre of Catacaos.

  • UNICEF and the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC) in Piura have registered 33,939 children and adolescents so they can access their National Identity Document (DNI).

  • UNICEF promoted coordination actions with the institutions involved in the continuity and sustainability of the Regional Education Working Group in Piura.

  • To ensure the continuity and sustainability of education in temporary classrooms, UNICEF is working to establish an agreement between the National University of Piura and the Cura Mori district for students in the final year of the early education speciality to work as teachers in the classrooms.

  • UNICEF provided 23 cooking kits to food preparation centres located in the shelters in the Catacaos and Cura Mori districts and 43 cooking kits to other prioritized communities.

  • UNICEF, in coordination with the District Municipalities of Cura Mori and Catacaos and the national Cuna Mas programme, started working to implement food services that will provide hot and nutritious meals to 240 children under the age of three. This intervention targets children who participate in the national Cuna Mas programme in shelter 980 in Cura Mori and the communities of Pedregal Chico,
    Narihualá and La Campiña in Catacaos.

SITUATION OVERVIEW & HUMANITARIAN NEEDS (28 September to 31 October 2017)

According to the National Civil Defence Institute (INDECI), as of 17 October 2017 the coastal El Niño phenomenon has affected 1,886,186 people in Peru, with 29% in Piura, 25% in La Libertad, 8% in Lambayeque, 8% in Ancash, 4% in Lima and 4% in Tumbes. INDECI reports that, as of the same date, 614,708 children and adolescents have been affected or seriously affected by the emergency, including 201,822 children under the age of five.

INDECI also reports that, as of the same date, 65,485 dwellings have collapsed or are uninhabitable, 377,798 dwellings have been affected, 455 schools have collapsed or are uninhabitable, 3,687 schools are affected, 70 health centres have collapsed or are uninhabitable and 1,155 health centres are affected.

In August 2017, the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation (MVCS) – through Ministerial Resolution N° 304-2017-VIVIENDA and its amending Ministerial Resolution N° 390-2017-VIVIENDA – established procedures to grant the family housing subsidy (Bono Familiar Habitacional in Spanish) for construction on owned land (Construcción en Sitio Propio1 in Spanish) to people whose homes have collapsed or are inhabitable due to flooding and associated risks in areas where emergency has been declared. The subsidy amount is 22,072.50 soles. In the first round of grants, which took place on 23 August 2017, 5,238 famiily housing subsidies were granted. In the second round, there were a further 3,101 subsidies granted, including 1,781 in Piura Region (300 in the province of Paita, 1,440 in Piura and 41 in Sechura), 470 in La Libertad Region and 850 in Lambayeque Region.

According to the text of the Comprehensive Reconstruction Plan with Changes (Plan Integral de Reconstrucción con Cambios in Spanish), the emergencies caused by the 2017 coastal El Niño phenomenon have demonstrated Peru’s lack of territorial and urban planning and unsustainable urban growth in cities. It is worth noting that the plan aims to promote the adoption of sustainable and healthy urban development and disaster risk management related to climate change through a key prevention element – the formulation of urban development plans in the main population centres of affected areas.

The Executive Director of the Authority for Reconstruction with Changes (ARCC), who was responsible for developing and implementing a reconstruction plan in coordination with the central government, resigned after six months in the position. In local media, people in areas affected by the coastal El Niño pheonomenon have expressed their frustration and concerns. Perceiving a lack of concrete reconstruction and risk mitigation efforts to date, they feel vulnerable and fear the serious consequences of the new rainy season.

The government, humanitarian organizations and local NGOs are making great efforts to improve the quality of life and livelihoods of people affected by the emergencies by providing potable water, sanitation and hygiene, education and protection of children and adolescents, and health and nutrition monitoring of vulnerable populations. They are also contributing in one way or another to finding solutions for people living in shelters. This work involves strengthening coordination and supervision to support operations and maintain temporary water supply and toilet systems in a sustainable way.

The Ministry of Health (MINSA) has many activities underway to prevent dengue and Zika, given that the number of dengue cases reported has been much higher thatn reported in previous years over a similar time period. The Department of Epidemiology of MINSA reported that, as of 23 September 2017, there were 72,831 confirmed and probable cases of dengue, which is 3.1 times more case cases than in the same period of 2016 (23,580 cases). Just 33.7% (24,580) are confirmed cases and 66.3% (48,251) are probable cases.The cumulative incidence at the national level is 228.8 cases per 100,000 people. Piura is the region with highest number of cases with 47,938 (65.8%) of probable and confirmed cases and 42 confirmed deaths, followed by La Libertad with 6,738 probable and confirmed cases, Tumbes with 4,689 probable and confirmed cases and Ica with 4,374 probable and confirmed cases.

MINSA has also reported a total of 6,411 cases of Zika, including 88.6% suspected and 11.4% confirmed. Compared to the same period in 2016, this year has seen 58 times more cases. Up to 87.8% of cases were reported in the regions of Ica and Loreto.