Peru

UNICEF Peru Humanitarian Situation Report #14 (28 Sep 2017)

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Situation Report
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Highlights

To date, UNICEF has provided humanitarian assistance in the areas of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Protection, Nutrition, Health and Education to 179,789 children and their families in the most affected districts of Piura.

• UNICEF, Action Against Hunger, Plan International and COOPI have reached 24,000 people through the installation of 174 latrines and handwashing stations, the distribution of 2,453 safe drinking water kits and ceramic filters, and 6,708 hygiene and vector control kits.

• UNICEF, in coordination with the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation (MVCS), has designed an emergency water supply network to optimize the water supply in shelters located in Km. 980 in Cura Mori District. A total of 69 water points have been installed that will supply safe drinking water to 6,630 people.

• To date, UNICEF has provided assistance to 1,212 girls and 1,055 boys in child-friendly spaces. Psychological assistance has been provided to 1,546 girls, 1,517 boys, 453 adolescent girls and 517 adolescent boys with support from the Community Mental Health Centre of Catacaos.

• UNICEF supported the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC) in Piura to register 19,116 children and adolescents so that they can access their National Identity Document (DNI).

• UNICEF and Plan International worked to ensure the continuity and sustainability of activities in renovated and new temporary classrooms in Catacaos and Cura Mori districts. In addition, health in schools was promoted through the installation of 20 handwashing stations and 26 latrines, benefiting 500 children and adolescents.

• UNICEF provided 20 cooking kits to Food Preparation Centres located in the shelters in Catacaos and Cura Mori, communities that have been prioritized. These kits have been provided with training to improve the preparation of nutritional food for children under the age of three and pregnant women.

• UNICEF, the Ministry of Health (MINSA) and the Regional Department of Health (DIRESA) in Piura, organized a workshop on September 21 and 22 to socialize the Practical Clinical Guide designed for public health officials. This guide promotes the use of zinc supplements to manage diarrhea. UNICEF also donated 10,500 packs of zinc tablets.

SITUATION OVERVIEW & HUMANITARIAN NEEDS (29 August to 28 September 2017)

Between January and September 2017, a total of 1,886,310 people were affected by the coastal El Niño phenomenon in 25 regions of Peru, with around 29% of victims from Piura and another 25% from La Libertad. Lambayeque and Ancash are also among the most affected regions. Based on figures from the National Civil Defence Institute (INDECI) for the period from June 15 to present, 614,749 children and adolescents have been affected or seriously affected by the emergency, including 66,775 children under the age of two.

INDECI also reports that, to date, 65,028 dwellings have collapsed or are uninhabitable, 377,372 dwellings have been damaged, 150 schools have collapsed or are uninhabitable, a further 3,520 schools are affected, 70 health centres have collapsed or are uninhabitable, and a further 1,161 health facilities have been affected.

The Government of Peru, through the Formalization of Informal Property Ownership Agency (COFOPRI), has assessed the extent of the damage and identified that more than 38,800 dwellings are uninhabitable and / or collapsed in 12 regions affected by the coastal El Niño phenomenon in 2017. Of the total number of dwellings that are uninhabitable and / or collapsed, 35% are in Lambayeque and 33% are in Piura. Other regions affected to a lesser extent include La Libertad (10%), Lima (6%) and Ancash (5%).

On Thursday, August 31, the Ministry of Social Inclusion and Development (MIDIS) issued A Single Force vouchers (“Bono Una Sola Fuerza” in Spanish) of 200 soles (61 USD) to 605,708 beneficiaries. The recipients are participants in the Together (“Juntos” in Spanish) and Pension 65 social programmes who live in the regions where emergencies have been declared due to damage caused by the coastal El Niño phenomenon. The voucher is an additional, one-time only grant. The Juntos beneficiaries who will receive the voucher live in 11 of Peru’s regions, including Piura where the majority of beneficiaries are located.

According to information provided by the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), there are 544 temporary dwellings that house 1,860 people in Catacaos District. There are 1,757 temporary dwellings and 5,229 people receiving assistance in Cura Mori District. The DTM conducted a survey of 2,301 people living in these shelters (83% are heads of households) between June 17 and July 16.

The survey found that 58% of people in shelters in Catacaos District did not want to or could not return. In Cura Mori District, 96% of people in shelters stated that they did not want to or could not mobilize.
Supreme Decree No. 089-2017-PCM, dated 7 September 2017, extends the National State of Emergency in Piura Province for a period of sixty (60) calendar days starting from 11 September 2017.

This extension allows for implementation of immediate and necessary response and recovery actions and exceptional measures. Extending the State of Emergency in Piura aims to ensure that integrated assistance and humanitarian aid reach those affected and help them to recover their lives.

On September 6, the Government of Peru approved a modified Integrated Reconstruction Plan, which will soon be implemented through the provision of assistance to the affected population to rebuild and repair their homes, provide basic services, rebuild and repair local schools and health facilities, as well as generate employment in the affected zones.

Even though the Ministry of Health (MINSA) is engaging in many activities to prevent the spread of dengue and Zika, the transmission of dengue has been much higher than reported in previous years over a similar time period. As of September 2, according to MINSA’s 35th Report, there have been 71,775 cases of dengue and 80 confirmed deaths attributed to the illness throughout Peru. Piura has the highest number of cases of dengue with 47,257 confirmed cases, followed by La Libertad with 6,817 confirmed cases, Tumbes with 4,444 confirmed cases and Ica with 4,358 confirmed cases.

The government, humanitarian organizations and local NGOs are working to provide potable water, sanitation and hygiene solutions for people living in shelters. However, coordination and supervision need to be improved in the evacuation areas to guarantee suitable support for operations, maintenance of water supply systems and temporary latrines.

There are still difficulties in access to education for children and adolescents living in shelters. One of the factors affecting this situation is that families lack the economic resources required to send their children to school.