Peru

UNICEF Peru Humanitarian Situation Report #11 (26 June 2017)

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

Highlights

  • UNICEF has provided humanitarian assistance in WASH, protection, nutrition, health and education to 84,667 children and families in the most affected district of Piura.

  • UNICEF has installed 19 child-friendly latrines to improve access to sanitation for 500 children in schools and temporary classrooms located in Piura. UNICEF also installed 50 latrines in five shelters providing improved access to sanitation for 1,000 people.

  • In El Pedregal Chico 3,500 people have improved access to sanitation thanks to the rehabilitation of the sewage system; UNICEF is also rehabilitating three water systems to 7,050 people in two district of Piura.

  • UNICEF has contributed to implementing 6 friendly child spaces, which has provided 600 children and adolescents with socio-emotional support to date. Additionally, two itinerant child-friendly spaces are in place in Cura Mori district, benefiting 591 children.

  • UNICEF continues supporting the itinerant registration campaigns, conducted by the National Office of Identity and Civil Registration (RENIEC), to provide ID in Piura. In the last two weeks, 7,948 children and adolescents were registered.

  • UNICEF and Plan International have provided school reinforcement to 622 children through 6 school reinforcement spaces installed in tents near schools of rural area in Piura.

  • UNICEF has conducted a nutritional assessment of 941 children in Tambo Grande, Catacaos and Cura Mori in Piura. Their parents received counseling about health care and where children were sick they were referred to the health.

SITUATION OVERVIEW & HUMANITARIAN NEEDS (reporting 7 to 26 June)

Based on figures from the National Civil Defence System (INDECI) as of June 23, more than 560,000 children and adolescents have been affected or severely affected in the country because of the rain and flooding produced by El Niño coastal phenomenon. The total population affected is 1,718,331 with around 29% located in Piura and another 27% in La Libertad. Lambayeque and Ancash are also among the most severely affected departments.

Officially, the Multisector Commission in charge of the National Study of the "El Niño" Phenomenon has established that the El Niño coastal phenomenon has finished in May suggesting more favourable weather conditions for the remainder of the year. However, The Declaration of State of Emergency remains in force for the departments of Ancash, Cajamarca, La Libertad and Piura.

INDECI also reports that 57,023 homes are destroyed or uninhabitable nationally, and more than 340,000 homes are affected. In addition 296 schools have collapsed or are uninhabitable with a further 2,868 affected and 68 health facilities have collapsed or are out of use due to the damage. Even though the national Government has prioritized the rebuilding and rehabilitation of roads, schools and health facilities, this process is progressing slowly, with the assessment and identification of damage still in progress. On the other hand, the Government is designing an integral plan to provide housing and basic services to families living in shelters. At present however these families still don´t have more durable solutions provided, thus remaining in temporary shelters and struggling to return to their normal lives.

People living in shelters are the main concern. According to the official figures, between May and the current date, 31,288 people are living in shelters across the country, including an estimated 13,370 children. This population is distributed in 205 shelters (3,342 tents) located in eight departments, large majority of which, housing around 50% of the affected population, are in Piura. Even though these are the official figures, the situation on the ground is more fluid as parts of the population is constantly moving from the shelters to where their destroyed houses are, with the hope that the Government will give them ownership of the land they now occupy in tents and camps.

Recently, the National Institute of Statistics conducted a census of the population affected by the emergency. This information will be critical to an objective assessment of the real magnitude of the problem. However, the lack of monitoring information about what is taking place in shelters in terms of water and sanitation access, food security, protection, and school attendance makes it very difficult to identify the most vulnerable population and provide adequate services.

Although the Government, humanitarian organizations and local NGOs are working to provide safe water, sanitation and hygiene solutions to the population in shelters, coordination and supervision needs to be further strengthened to ensure the appropriate support to operations and maintenance of provisional water systems and latrines. This situation increases the risk of infectious diseases like acute diarrhea and respiratory infections. At the same time, the food provided and prepared in shelters is not appropriate for the needs of young children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Despite the ongoing efforts of the Ministry of Health (MINSA) aimed to prevent dengue and ZIKV transmission, the number of cases of Dengue continues to increase dramatically. The Ministry of Health (MINSA) has reported more than 61,981 cases of dengue and 55 confirmed deaths attributable to the disease nationwide as of 10 June. Piura has the highest number of dengue cases with 31,155 probable and 8,387 confirmed. This is followed by La Libertad with 2,353 probable and 3,136 confirmed cases; Ica with 2,467 probable and 1,448 confirmed cases; and Tumbes with 3,148 probable and 299 confirmed cases. As of 27 June the first case of a pregnant women with Zika was reported in local news.