UNICEF, through implementing partners, has provided humanitarian assistance in WASH, protection, nutrition, health and education to more than 61,000 children and families in the most affected district of Piura.
Thanks to the coordinated effort of UNICEF, Piura Regional Government and humanitarian organizations, 1,789 people, including 1,270 children and adolescents, have received socio-emotional support.
UNICEF continues supporting the itinerant registration campaigns, conducted by the National Office of Identity and Civil Registration (RENIEC), to provide ID in Piura. In the last two weeks, 1,265 children and adolescent were registered.
In order to provide safe water and sanitation, UNICEF has installed 76 latrines and hand washing stations to teachers and children of two schools and child-friendly spaces implemented in the shelters in Piura.
Piura Regional Directorate of Health, with the technical cooperation of UNICEF, trained 16 health workers who will be responsible for the community mapping and surveillance of health and nutrition status of pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children who are malnourished and at health risk in the rural area and in the shelters in Piura.
SITUATION OVERVIEW & HUMANITARIAN NEEDS (reporting 24 May to 6 June)
Based on figures from the National Civil Defence System (INDECI) as of June 1 st , 547,006 children and adolescents have been affected or severely affected in the country as a result of the rain and flooding produced by El Niño coastal phenomenon. The total population affected is 1´678,446; around 29 per cent is located in Piura and 27 per cent in Lambayeque. It is noteworthy that the last official report of INDECI shows a significant increase in people affected and severely affected in La Libertad. This is reported to be due to a better process of identification and registration of affected people, because there have not been further rain or floods in that department. Lambayeque and Ancash are also among the most severely affected departments.
INDECI also reports that 57,270 homes are destroyed or uninhabitable nationally, and more than 330,000 homes are affected. In addition 260 schools have collapsed or are uninhabitable with a further 2,768 affected and 68 health facilities have collapsed or are uninhabitable. Even though the national Government has prioritized the rebuilding and rehabilitation of roads, schools and health facilities, this process is progressing slowly, with the assessment and identification of damage still in progress.
On the other hand, the Government has announced they are designing an integral plan to provide housing and basic services to families living in shelters. However, currently, these families don´t have yet a concrete solution, to enable them to leave the shelters and return to their normal lives.
People living in shelters are the main concern. To date, 31,288 people are living in shelters across the country, including an estimated 13,370 children. This population is distributed in 205 shelters (3,342 tents) located in eight departments , of which the vast majority, housing around 50% of the affected population, are in Piura. Water, sanitation, food, and protection are the key problems in this context. Additionally, there is a greater risk that children and women will be exposed to violence and abuse. To date, just in Piura 296 case of violence (113 in San Pablo, 76 in Santa Rosa and 107 in Tambo Grande) were reported among the people living in shelters.
Although the Government, humanitarian organizations and local NGOs are working to provide safe water , sanitation and hygiene solutions to the population in shelters, coordination and supervision need to be further strengthened to ensure the appropriate support to operations and maintenance of provisional water systems and latrines. This situation increases the risk of infectious diseases like acute diarrhea and respiratory infections. At the same time, the food provided and prepared in shelters is not appropriate for the needs of young children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Even though the Ministry of Health (MINSA) is conducting many activities to prevent dengue and ZIKV transmission, including fumigation and communication campaigns, the population remain reluctant to allow their homes to be fumigated and follow the prevention recommendation.
Health authorities in the Piura region have expressed their concern about the continued increase of probable cases of dengue. The Ministry of Health (MINSA) has reported more than 23,353 cases of dengue and 19 confirmed deaths attributable to the disease nationwide as of 29 April. Piura has the highest number of dengue cases with 8,717 probable and 1,844 confirmed. This is followed by Ica with 1,794 probable and 698 confirmed cases, La Libertad with 977 probable and 1,308 confirmed cases and Lambayeque with 658 probable and 733 confirmed cases.