Peru

Peru: Heavy Rains and Floods Summary - UN Resident Coordinator Situation Report No. 05 (As of 5 April 2017)

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Main Points

• The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), with OCHA’s support and in coordination with authorities is preparing an Appeal for international assistance to the most affected people.

• A CERF allocation request is also being prepared by the HCT.

• More than 1.1 million people have been affected, including 155,000 displaced. Of the affected population, some 309,000 are boys, girls and adolescences.

• With 29 per cent of the affected population, he Department of Piura is bearing the brunt of the floods and mudslides.

• Some of the most pressing needs are related to WASH, Health, Food Security and Shelter sectors.

• Although the majority of displaced people are with host families, some 22,500 people have moved to 135 official temporary shelters in nine departments.

• The UNDAC team’s presence has been extended until 14 April in order to continue supporting the UN Resident Coordinator.

Situation Overview

There majority of displaced people are with host families. There are 135 official temporary shelters open in nine departments, hosting more than 22,500 people. The majority of these shelters are in four departments (La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima and Piura). IOM is working with the Government to use the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to track displaced populations.

Humanitarian actors are working with the Government to ensure protection strategies are in place especially for the most vulnerable populations.

At least 567,000 people do not have access to safe water and sanitation. Water is being provided through cisterns and water tanks, but there is insufficient capacity to cover the needs. The level of damage to water systems is still unknown in many rural areas. Health concerns are also priority as three million people are at risk of vector-borne diseases (chikungunya, dengue, leptospirosis and Zika), diarrhoea and respiratory illnesses. Emergency medical teams are in the affected area and fumigation is underway; however, more surveillance and detection of cases is required.

More than 550 schools have been severely damaged or destroyed throughout the country, which limits access to education to close to 2 million students. The Ministry of Education is working with partners to install prefabricated schools. Psychosocial support is also being provided to students and teachers.
Access to some localities and even urban areas in various districts of Cajamarca, La Libertad, Lambayeque and Piura remains limited. There is still 2,490 km of highway and 281 bridges destroyed.
About 63,000 hectares of staple crops have been lost and irrigation systems damaged in 11 departments. The Government is implementing a plan for providing seed and financing to recover damaged infrastructure.

Preliminary assessments indicate a deterioration in food security in affected areas with 59 per cent of people displaced are facing food insecurity and 9 per cent facing severe food insecurity. In many cases, families are implementing negative coping mechanisms. The Government is working with humanitarian partners to implement a food aid plan to respond to the most urgent needs. Cash-based assistance is expected to help overcome logistical difficulties.

About 180,000 people have temporarily lost their income generating means and this number is expected to increase, especially in urban areas, if rain continues. The Ministry of Defence estimates losses at US$12 million - $15 million. The Early Recovery sector is divided into two working areas – cash for work and rubble removal / cleaning debris.

The field hospital installed in Chiclayo has attended 12,500 cases. About 900 cases of mental health care have been attended to throughout the affected area.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.