Peru: Earthquake OCHA Situation Report No. 4

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 18 Aug 2007
This situation report is based on information received from UN Agencies, the UN Emergency Technical Team (UNETT) in Peru and the Peruvian Civil Defense.

HIGHLIGHTS

The powerful earthquake that struck Peru has claimed the lives of 610 persons, wounding 1,042 and destroying 33,676 houses.

The UNDAC team has arrived.

The Civil Defence authorities have indicated there is no need for USAR teams anymore and request that countries sending field hospitals be fully self sufficient as there are no local resources.

Map: Peru: Earthquake (as of 18 Aug 2007) - Situation Map

SITUATION

1. At 11:40:58 PM UTC/GMT (Greenwich time) 6:34:56 PM local time, an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck in the Department of Ica. The epicenter was 25 miles (61 kilometers) west-northwest of Chincha Alta, Peru, and 90 miles (161 kilometers) south-southeast of Lima, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The epicenter was 30.2 km depth (18.8 miles).

2. Strong aftershocks continue. This morning a 6.2 earthquake on the Richter scale struck 37 km (23 miles) of Ica and 43 km (27 miles) of Chincha Alta, with a depth of 46 kilometers.

3. The last official report issued by the National Institute of Civil Defense (INDECI) informed the situation up to August 18th:

610 dead

1,042 wounded

33,676 houses destroyed according toGovernment preliminary assessments.

2,574 houses affected.

8 hospitals affected

4 hospitals destroyed according to Peruvian Government preliminary assessments.

5. Chincha, Canete, Pisco and Ica are still suffering from electricity, water shortages and lack of sanitary conditions. It is expected that power lines Ica will be reestablished gradually. Health facilities are still affected and are insufficient to attend current demands.

6. The lack of power lines is causing insecurity in the affected areas, with reported cases of robbery and assaults. Several vehicles loaded with humanitarian aid have been assaulted and in some cases they had to head back. The entrance of the city of Chincha is blocked by the police in order to avoid eventual disorders or robbery.The Government of Peru is taking measures to reinforce law and order.

NATIONAL RESPONSE

7. The state of emergency in the Department of Ica and province of Canete in the Department of Lima is still in effect.

8. The Ministry of Health is collecting several items such as medicines and clothes among others from different sources for hospitals. With the support of the international community, the Peruvian Government has established two field hospitals.

UN RESPONSE

9. The Resident Cpoordinator has activated the Emergency Operations Centre on a 24 hours basis operating in the UNDP facilities, Av. Benavides 786, Miraflores. Tel: 511 213-3200, ext 4000, email: coeunete@undp.org. The Centre is gathering information related to international teams in the affected areas, collecting reports provided by national organizations and assessment teams.

10. Five UNDAC team members already arrived. UNDAC team has already held its first meeting at INDECI Operations Centre facilities. One UNDAC member will be deployed to Pisco as part of an advanced mission to the team.

11. INDECI has established an Emergency Operations Centre at Pisco airport. The OSOCC will be installed on the incoming days.

12. With the support of WHO/PAHO, the Government of Peru has established the SUMA (Humanitrain Supply Management System) .

13. An interagency mission has been deployed to the affected areas composed of UNDSS, UNDP, PAHO, UNFPA, UNICEF and UNDAC. Areas to be assessed include Pisco, Canete and Chincha. The mission had difficulties recahing the affected ares due to damage to roads and bridges. One vehicle reached, with difficulties, Grosio Prado Health Center in Chincha. The PAHO delegation faced problems in reaching the city of Ica. It is recommended that assessment teams use flights coordinated by INDECI.

14. The mission informed that access to Chincha by land was blocked during the morning. Injured are being evacuated to Lima. The most urgent items identified and required are water, food, blankets and tents. Lack of sanitary facilities is posing a serious threat to health conditions.

15. The hospital of Chincha has been partially damaged. Some 11 provisional shelters have been organized and the local government has anticipated that 2,000 tents will be received, which is still insufficient as 5,000 units more are needed. Some grocery stores are gradually reopening.

16. The support provided by the UN agencies so far is as follows:

17. OCHA is supporting coordination and is preparing a Flash Appeal and a CERF request.

18. The WFP has already carried out an assesment, and as a result, at the request of the Government, a procurement process is being carried out in order to buy food for 30 days (rice, sugar, canned fish, vegetable oil, dried beans, milk, biscuits) to assist 150,000 people for 30 days (30,000 families of 5 members each). WFP Regional office in Panama has deployed 3 staff members to the affected areas.

19. UNICEF delivered 90,000 chlorine tablets, along with 540 large plastic containers with lids and faucets, 300 chlorine measuring device and 20,000 DPD tablets which will help provide safe drinking water. UNICEF delivered flyers for families to learn

20. UNICEF has already delivered materials for health water purposes to the Ministry of Health (90,000 chloring pills, 500 water containers for 20 liters of water each, 300 chlorine measuring devices) and 26,000 informative flyers on common desease prevention under emergency situations. Some 50,000 sachets of ORS and 270,000 water purifying tablets have been already delivered.

21. UNICEF will be also assisting the WASH (water and sanitation), psycho-social support and shelters. To cover immediate needs, a cash grants of USD 500,000 was allocated to UNICEF Peru. UNICEF will also coordinate with PAHO on health, on education with UNESCO and child protection against abuse, violence and emotional and psychological recovery for affected children

22. The following materials from UNICEF are expected to arrive by air within the next hours: 50,000 sachets of ORS, 230,000 water purifying tablets, 3,000 water containers, 5 units of flexible water containers for 10,000 liters each.

23. United Nations Population Fund - UNFPA is participating in the inter-agency field mission to identify needs in gender and reproductive health.

24. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is also participating in the field mission and assessing shelter requirements, NFIs, early recovery measures for housing, in addition to institutional capacity restoration and rehabilitation of essential government buildings and assets. UNDP has also began initial identification of activities leading towards rehabilitation of key infrastructure.

25. UNDP is providing complementary procurement support under the supervision of WFP regarding the purchase of essential food items.

26. FAO will extend technical support todamage assesments in areas such as fishing, and on the impact of earthquakes reported in other geographical areas in the country.

27. In close coordination with Ministry of Education and UNICEF, UNESCO will asses the current situation of schools and the needs in terms of setting temporary schools.

28. Various meetings were held with heads of Regional Sismographic Center for South America, Institute of Geophysics and several universities in order to make a technical evaluation of schools' facilities to determine possibilities of inmediate and simple reconstruction of schools.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

29. IFRC and the PADRU (Pan American Disaster Response Unit) has provided and distributed blankets, water bladders, tents. A field team is already in Pisco. 30. The European Union has allocated EURO 2 million in a Fast-track primary emergency' decision to cover urgent needs, including food, emergency shelter, medical assistance, hygiene kits, water and sanitation, basic household tools as well as the establishment of emergency telecommunications facilities and psycho-social counselling.

31. USAID is sending two cargos with medical teams of 30 people, mobile hospitals, transport support, medicines and humanitarian supplies.

ASSISTANCE AND IMMEDIATE NEEDS

32. PAHO deployed a supply management team to put in place the LSS/SUMA system. Some 12 team members have been selected from among PAHOs professional staff (medical staff, communication, engineers). They will be sending first aid kits.Cash grants of USD 10,000 for rapid response and USD 250,000 for relief will be sent.

33. An IFRC/PADRU team of 10 staff has been deployed including 3 logisticians, 1 driver, 1 communication officer. One relief flight from PADRU has been sent on August 17, containing 500 tents, 1500 hygienic kits, 1500 kitchen sets, 5000 blankets, 2000 plastics and a second flight will be sent on August 20 (containing the same the items). Two warehouse were setup in Lima and Pisco.

34. A revised IFRC appeal will be launched in the coming days, following the last assessments.

35. The Peruvian Red Cross has deployed 60 volunteers in the field and a relief coordinator. Needs assessments are on-going. Colombian, Spanish, German, Swiss, Netherlands, Italian Red Cross and IFRC/PADRU delegates have been deployed to Peru to assist on the relief operations.

36. Save the Children will be distributing lifesaving blankets, cold-climate tents and kitchen equipment. An aid flight will leave Brindisi, Italy, on 19 August, and will arrive in the early hours of Monday morning in Pisco. The shipement includes 1,000 blankets, 500 sets of essential cooking equipment and 60 large tents designed to give warmth and protection against cold weather.

37. Caitas Peruhas distributed 25 tons of relief in Ica, Chincha, Pisco and Cañete, to cover 10.000 affected families.

38. CARE has set an initial US$1 million fundraising goal for relief efforts over the next three months to support some 2,000 families. CARE and its local partners will provide clean water, food, blankets, tents, flashlights and tools.

39. CARE assessment teams have already made initial distributions of in-stock relief supplies to 200 families in Chincha and Tambo de Mora, as well as distributed medical supplies through the regional health office in Ica.

40. The first emergency World Vision team arrived in Ica and already delivered the first donations to the community of Longar, one of the most affected areas that haven't received humanitarian aid yet. This actions were coordinated with the the local government of Ica. A truck loaded with medicines medical supplies, 1,102 pairs of shoes, 5,680 pieces of warm clothing and 150 blankets, hygiene kits are due to arrive in Ica on 18 August.

41. Oxfam International are assessing the situation and will decide on further support to the emergency response.

42. Medical Teams International is sending urgently medicines and supplies valued at $115,000 to Peru. Medical Teams International is also funding the rental of a local helicopter to help distribute the medicines in Pisco and Chincha. The supplies, sent in cooperation with MAP International, include antibiotics, bandages and sutures.

43. OCHA continues to closely monitor the situation, including through the Regional Office in Panama, and remains in contact, with the Resident Coordinator and will provide further updates on the situation. This situation report together with further information on ongoing emergencies is also available on the OSOCC Internet Website http://www.unocha.org/vosocc and on the OCHA Internet Website http://www.reliefweb.int/. Additional information related to the UN system activities can be viewed at www.onu.org.pe.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.