Peru

Peru Earthquake May 1990 UNDRO Situation Reports 1 - 7


UNDRO 90/0787

PERU - EARTHQUAKE
UNDRO INFORMATION REPORT NO. 1
31 MAY 1990

1. STRONG EARTHQUAKE MEASURING 5.8 ON OPEN-ENDED RICHTER SCALE OCCURRED ON TUESDAY 29 MAY, AT ABOUT 2130, IN NORTHERN PERU. PROVINCE OF SAN MARTIN REPORTED TO BE PARTICULARLY AFFECTED. QUAKE WAS ALSO FELT IN NEIGHBORING PROVINCES OF PIURA, CAJAMARCA, LAMBAYEQUE, LA LIBERTAD AND AMAZONAS. THIS WAS SECOND QUAKE TO HAVE OCCURRED IN NORTHERN PERU WITHIN 48 HOURS, FIRST ONE OF LOWER INTENSITY WAS FELT IN CHIMBOTE ON THE PACIFIC COAST ON 27 MAY.

2. PRELIMINARY REPORTS FROM RADIO CORRESPONDENTS AND RELIEF AUTHORITIES INDICATE SEVERE DAMAGE AND CASUALTIES IN AMAZON AND SAN MARTIN PROVINCES. TOWNS OF MOYOBAMBA, 700 KM NORTH OF LIMA, RIOJA AND RODRIQUEZ DE MARDOZA AS WELL AS VILLAGES ON WESTERN FRINGE OF AMAZON BASSIN HIT FROM WELL OVER 20 AFTERSHOCKS.

3. UNOFFICIAL DEATH TOLL AROUND 200 PEOPLE, MANY MORE MISSING. MUDSLIDES REPORTED TO HAVE BURIED ENTIRE VILLAGES. LARGE NUMBER OF HOUSES, BUILDINGS AND SCHOOLS COLLAPSED.

4. RELIEF AND RESCUE ACTIVITIES UNDERWAY BY NATIONAL CIVIL DEFENSE TEAMS. 2 AIR FORCE PLANES SENT FROM LIMA WITH MEDICINES, FOOD AND BLANKETS.

5. UNDP/UNDRO RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE ESTABLISHED CONTACT WITH NATIONAL RELIEF AUTHORITIES. GOVERNMENT HAS NOT REQUESTED INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION EXPECTED SOONEST.

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), FAX (41-22-7335623) OR UNIENET (UNDROREG UNX008), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUES PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 90/0795

PERU - EARTHQUAKE
UNDRO INFORMATION REPORT NO. 2
1 JUNE 1990

1. MOST AFFECTED AREAS DEPARTMENTS OF SAN MARTIN, AMAZONAS AND CAJAMARCA COVERING AN ESTIMATED 300 SQ KM. 45 AFTERSHOCKS REPORTED WITHIN 36 HOURS BY PERU'S SEISMOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

2. NUMBER OF INJURED HAS RISEN TO ABOUT 1,500 ACCORDING TO NATIONAL AUTHORITIES. PAHO'S REGIONAL ADVISER COOPERATING WITH CIVIL DEFENSE AND MINHEALTH. LRCS DISPATCHED 105 TENTS FROM ITS WAREHOUSE IN SANTIAGO, CHILE AS WELL AS 2 DELEGATES.

3. UNDP/UNDRO RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE REPORTED DIRECTOR CIVIL DEFENSE INSTITUTE LEADING MISSION IN AFFECTED AREA TO ASSESS SITUATION AND REQUIREMENTS. MISSION EXPECTED BACK IN LIMA LATE THIS WEEKEND. RESULTS WILL BE COMMUNICATED AS SOON AS THEY BECOME AVAILABLE THROUGH THE UNDP/UNDRO RESREP.

4. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), FAX (41-22-7335623) OR UNIENET (UNDROREG UNX008), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUES PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 90/0809

PERU - EARTHQUAKE
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 3
6 JUNE 1990

1. SITUATION REMAINS SERIOUS FOR MANY SURVIVORS SPENDING NIGHTS AMONG RUINS AND AND RUBBLE OF THEIR HOMES. ACCESS TO AND EVALUATION OF SITUATION IN AMAZONAS VILLAGES DIFFICULT AND TIME-CONSUMING BECAUSE OF FALLEN TREES AND LANDSLIDES.

2. OFFICIAL ESTIMATE PUT MATERIAL DAMAGE IN TOWN OF SORITOR AT 90 PERCENT DESTROYED OR UNINHABITABLE HOUSES IN MOYOBAMBA, CAPITAL OF SAN MARTIN, 60 PERCENT AND RIOJA 40 PERCENT. NUMBER OF AFFECTED ABOUT 60,000 OF WHICH SOME 10,000 IN NEED OF ASSISTANCE.

3. PAHO REPORTS NATIONAL HEALTH SECTOR PERSONNEL IN CONTROL OF HEALTH SITUATION. EMERGENCY MEDICAL NEEDS FOR 800 INJURED HAVE BEEN MET WITH OWN RESOURCES AND SUPPLIES DONATED BY CHILE AND MEXICO. SERIOUSLY INJURED TRANSFERRED TO SPECIALIZED HOSPITALS. NO NEED FOR FOREIGN MEDICAL PERSONNEL REPORTED.

4. PERU MISSION IN GENEVA TRANSMITTED OFFICIAL REQUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE TO UNDRO. FIRST PRIORITY FOR UNQUANTIFIED AMOUNT OF PLASTIC SHEETING, TENTS, ROOFING MATERIALS. SECOND PRIORITY CANNED FOOD. ALL ITEMS CAN BE OBTAINED IN PERU OR NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES. DONATIONS IN CASH SHOULD BE MADE TO: LLOYD'S BANK/GENEVA, 1 PLACE BEL-AIR, CH-1211 GENEVA SWITZERLAND, ACCOUNT NO. 18-35-98-01-10 (US DOLLARS) TO UNOG TRUST FUND WITH MENTION 'UNDRO-PERU-RELIEF'.

5. THROUGH CONTACTS WITH UNDP/UNDRO RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE AND NATIONAL AUTHORITIES SPECIFICATIONS ON NEEDS EXPECTED SOONEST.

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), FAX (41-22-7335623) OR UNIENET (UNDROREG UNX008), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUES PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 PER'90(2)


UNDRO 90/0835

PERU - EARTHQUAKE/VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 4
11 JUNE 1990

1. ON 9 JUNE AT 01.14 GMT A NEW EARTHQUAKE SHOOK NORTHERN PERU, IN THE SAME REGION HIT BY THE 29 MAY SEISMIC EVENT.

2. THE PERUVIAN GEOPHYSICS INSTITUTE REPORTED THAT THE QUAKE, PRECEDED BY STRONG TREMORS, MEASURED 5.6 ON THE RICHTER SCALE. PRELIMINARY REPORTS LOCATE THE EPICENTRE NEAR THE VILLAGE OF SORITOR, ABOUT 45 KM SOUTHEAST OF MOYOBAMBA AND 700 KM NORTH OF LIMA.

3. ALMOST SIMULTANEOUSLY IN SOUTHERN PERU THE SABANCAYA VOLCANO, ABOUT 130 KM FROM AREQUIPA, ONE OF THE THREE PEAKS OF NEVADO AMPAZO MOUNTAIN, HIGH ON THE ANDEAN PLATEAU, STARTED ERUPTIVE ACTIVITY. THE PERUVIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SAN AGUSTIN DE AREQUIPA REPORTED THAT THE PRESENT ACTIVITY IS CHARACTERIZED BY A 15 KM HIGH MUSHROOM CLOUD OF SMOKE, EMISSION OF GASES, TREMORS, EXPLOSIONS AND EJECTION OF INCANDESCENT ROCKS.

4. UNDP/UNDRO REPRESENTATIVE IN LIMA IN CONTACT WITH GOVT AND SCIENTIFIC AUTHORITIES TO FOLLOW BOTH EVENTS AND MONITOR DELIVERY OF ASSISTANCE TO AFFECTED POPULATION.

5. CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO FOR EARTHQUAKE:

GOVERNMENTS
VALUE IN USD
CHILE
RELIEF SUPPLIES
N/A +
FRANCE
AIRLIFT OF TENTS AND MEDICAL SUPPLIES
69,500
GERMANY (F.R.)
PURCHASE AND TRANSPORT OF 200 TENTS AND 3,000 ROOFING SHEETS
77,800
JAPAN
PURCHASE AND TRANSPORT OF 60 TENTS AND DRUGS
86,000
MEXICO
RELIEF SUPPLIES
N/A +
USA
CASH
25,000
NGOS
JAPANESE RC
CASH
13,300
LRCS
105 TENTS
N/A +

+ N/A - NOT AVAILABLE

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), FAX (41-22-7335623) OR UNIENET (UNDROREG UNX008), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUES PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 PER'90(2)


UNDRO 90/0875

PERU - EARTHQUAKE/VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 5
15 JUNE 1990

1. EARTHQUAKE: UNDP/UNDRO REPRESENTATIVE IN LIMA TRANSMITTED OFFICIAL REQUEST FROM PERUVIAN GOVT FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE IN FAVOUR OF 70,000 AFFECTED PEOPLE. AS INDICATED IN UNDRO SITREP NO. 3 OF 6 JUNE, FIRST PRIORITY STILL FOR ROOFING SHEETS AND TENTS FOR 30,000 HOMELESS PERSONS.SECOND PRIORITY CANNED FOOD FOR ALL AFFECTED POPULATION FOR 10 DAYS, AND MEDICINES FOR BRONCHITIS AND LUNG DESEASES. UN REPRESENTATIVE ASSESSING UNMET REQUIREMENTS WITH GOVT AUTHORITIES.

2. UNDRO ORGANIZING ON BEHALF ITALIAN GOVT AIRLIFT OF 100 TENTS AND 10 M3 OF MEDICAL SUPPLIES FROM ROME TO LIMA.

3. SABANCAYA VOLCANO: VOLCANIC ACTIVITY INCREASING. COLUMN IS 15-18 KM HIGH, AND ASH COVERS AN AREA WITH RADIUS OF 20 KM. 5-6 MICROSEISMS PER DAYARE RECORDED.

4. UNDRO CO-SPONSORING WITH USGS ONE WEEK MISSION TO SABANCAYA VOLCANO OF SENIOR VOLCANOLOGIST TO ASSIST PERUVIAN SCIENTIFIC AND CIVIL DEFENCE AUTHORITIES.

5. CONTRIBUTIONS FOR EARTHQUAKE REPORTED SINCE SITREP NO. 4 OF 11 JUNE 1990:

GOVERNMENTS
VALUE IN USD
ARGENTINA
MEDICAL SUPPLIES
++
CANADA
CASH GRANT THROUGH LRCS
42,200
COLOMBIA
20 MT OF RICE
++
ITALY
AIRLIFT OF 100 TENTS AND 10 M3 OF MEDICINES
++
IGO
EEC
RELIEF SUPPLIES THROUGH LRCS
146,000
NGO'S
ADRA/OFASA
100 TENS, 2000 BLANKETS AND 226 KG OF DRUGS
++
MEDICAL MISSION OF OHIO
2 MT OF MEDICINES
++
RED CROSS/CRESCENT SYSTEM
BRITISH RED CROSS
CASH GRANT
8,400
CANADIAN RED CROSS
CASH GRANT
8,400

++ - NOT AVAILABLE

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), FAX (41-22-7335623) OR UNIENET (UNDROREG UNX008), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUES PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

dpr 310 per'90 (2)


UNDRO 90/0976

PERU - EARTHQUAKE/VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 6
28 JUNE 1990

1. REPORTS FROM LIMA AND OTHER SOURCES, NOTABLY LRCS, INDICATE RECONSTRUCTION OF HOUSING STILL MAIN PROBLEM. ACCORDING TO LRCS MOST BUILDING SUPPLIES AVAILABLE IN AFFECTED REGION, CORRUGATED IRON SHEETS, CEMENT AND NAILS NEED TO BE BROUGHT IN FROM OTHER PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.

2. CIVIL DEFENSE WITHDREW FROM AFFECTED AREAS ON 24 JUNE BUT CONTINUES MONITORING SITUATION. LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN CHARGE OF RECONSTRUCTION.

3. RECENT ACTIVITIES SABANCAYA VOLCANO DECREASING AND NOT CONSIDERED A THREAT. HOWEVER GAS EMISSION AND FUMES NOTED FROM JEPELACIO VOLCANO ABOUT 4 KM AWAY FROM MOYOBAMBA. EXPERT TEAM MONITORING DEVELOPMENTS.

4. SUMARY OF CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE BEGINNING OF EMERGENCY:


GOVERNMENTS
VALUE USD
ARGENTINA
MEDICAL SUPPLIES
(++)
CANADA
CASH GRANT
42,200
CHILE
6.5 MT TENTS/MEDICINES
(++)
COLOMBIA
20 MT RICE
(++)
CUBA
10 MT MEDICINES
(++)
FRANCE
6 MT TENTS/MEDICINES
69,500
GERMANY (D.R.)
33 MT TENTS/MEDICINES
(++)
GERMANY (F.R.)
200 TENTS, 3,000 ROOFING SHEETS
77,800
ITALY
100 TENTS, 10 M3 MEDICINES
305,000
JAPAN
60 TENTS AND MEDICINES
86,000
MEXICO
4 MT MEDICINES
(++)
SPAIN
FOODSTUFFS, MEDICINES
1,250,000
USA
CASH
25,000
IGO
EEC
RELIEF SUPPLIES THRU LRCS
146,000
NGO'S
ADRA/OFASA
100 TENTS, 2,000 BLANKETS 226 KG DRUGS
(++)
CARITAS (FRG)
95 FAMILY TENTS
29,940
MEDICAL MISSION OF OHIO
2 MT MEDICINES
(++)
WORLD VISION
CASH
20,000
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES
AS OF 26 JUNE, 13 NATIONAL SOCIETIES PARTICIPATED IN RELIEF EFFORTS ACCORDING TO LRCS
293,760
TOTAL (EXCLUDING TRANSPORT)
2,345,000

(++) - NOT AVAILABLE

5. UNDRO CONTINUES TO MONITOR SITUATION WITH UNDP/UNDRO RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE, LIMA. IF NO CHANGE IN PRESENT SITUATION NO MORE SITREPS ENVISAGED. DONORS ARE HOWEVER REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), FAX (41-22- 7335623) OR UNIENET (UNDROREG UNX008), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 90/1174

PERU - EARTHQUAKE
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 7
27 JULY 1990

SINCE CLOSING SITREP OF 28 JUNE 1990 UNDRO HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE FOLLOWING ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS:

UN SYSTEM
VALUE USD
WFP
15 TONS CANNED MEAT
(++)
GOVERNMENTS
NORWAY
CASH GRANT OF NOK 412,000 TO SALVATION ARMY FOR BUILDING MATERIAL
63,875
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
25,000 DOLLARS FOR PURCHASE OF 5,680 METAL ROOFING SHEETS. SHEETS DELIVERED TO CIVIL DEFENSE INSTITUTE AND AIRLIFTED TO QUAKE AREA BY PERUVIAN AIR FORCE.
25,000

++ - VALUE NOT REPORTED

DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (414242 DRO CH), FAX (41-22-7335623) OR UNIENET (DIALCOM 41:UNX008 OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUES PER ITEM.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 414242 DRO CH +