Peru

Peru: Earthquake Appeal No. MDRPE003 Operations Update No. 8

Attachments

GLIDE no. EQ-2007-000133-PER

Period covered by this Ops Update: 26 October 2008 to 31 December 2008

Appeal target (current): CHF 11,017,247 (USD 9,790,411 or EUR 7,201,756).

Appeal coverage (24 June 2008): 100%;

Appeal history:

- On 17 August 2007 an Emergency Appeal was launched for CHF 1,626,000 (USD 1,341,869 or EUR 979,150) for 5 months to assist 4,000 families (20,000 people).

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 250,000 (USD 207,641 or EUR 151,515).

- A Revised Appeal on 20 August 2007 featured a Revised Appeal Budget of CHF 5,605,000 (USD 4,655,315 or EUR 3,396,970) for 9 months to assist 7,500 families (37,500 people).

- A Second revision of the Appeal Budget was made on 3 December 2007 for CHF 10,895,000 (USD 9,917,000 or EUR 6,785,000) for 18 months (February 2009) to assist 7,500 families (37,500 people).

- The Operations Update n° 7 featured an extension in the timeframe for 10 months, until 31 December 2009.

- A third revision of the Appeal Budget for CHF 11,017,247 (USD 9,790,411 or EUR 7,201,756) is issued with this update in order to reflect better the current scenario.

Summary:

Seventeen months after the 15 August 2007 earthquake in the southern Peruvian province of Ica, the emergency and the transitional shelter phases of the Peru Earthquake Operation were concluded, and the reconstruction process is underway. Jointly working with international and national cooperation agencies, the International Federation is supporting the Peruvian Red Cross (PRC) in the participatory reconstruction of houses with low-cost, seismic-resistant materials and techniques and in the provision of land titles. These activities are taking place in the rural areas of the districts of Humay and Independencia, in the semi urban area of San Clemente in Pisco province and in Los Molinos, a rural area in the province of Ica. The first earthquake-resistant adobe model houses have been handed over to the beneficiary families, and several more are in the process of being built. However, the initial target of 1,800 families to receive a house was an over-estimation given the steep increase in the prices of building materials. Depending on access to co-funding from the

Government under the different voucher schemes, the targets will be revised accordingly.

The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement's community strengthening approach integrates risk reduction as a key factor to ensure that pre-existing vulnerabilities are not built up once again and to ensure sustainability. The PRC and the International Federation's comprehensive reconstruction programme endeavours to seek a permanent solution to the housing needs for the most vulnerable families through the empowerment of the communities. Volunteers from the PRC Pisco branch and International Federation personnel have identified vulnerable people who will receive an earthquake-resistant house. They have also started strengthening community organizations through training and legal support for land tenancy issues. The construction of the first 50 "quincha" houses has started in the district of Humay. In the district of Independencia, three model houses were finished and 15 more are in progress. Training is also being provided by the Federation to at least 30 people involved in the construction of their own houses.

The training component allows non-prioritized families to acquire skills to replicate affordable earthquake-resistant housing. This is carried out through cooperative partnership agreements with the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - PUCP), National University of Engineering (Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería - UNI) and the Japan Peru Centre for Seismic Research and Disaster Mitigation (Centro Peruano Japonés de Investigaciones Sismicas y Mitigación de Desastres - CISMID), the Emergency Architects Foundation (Fondation Architectes de l'urgence, a French NGO) and the Centre for the Study and Prevention of Disasters (Centro de Estudios y Prevención de Desastres - PREDES).

The main constraints in reconstruction activities are the above-mentioned rising costs for construction materials and transport due to upsurge in local demand and recent heavy fluctuations in fuel prices. Also, the complications to establish streamlined mechanisms to resolve land tenancy issues in earthquake-affected areas presented a challenge during reconstruction activities.

The International Federation's coordinated work with Movement and non-Movement partners has been a key feature of this period. The overall impact of the work under way is increased as the actions of Movement and non-Movement partners are complementing each other.

The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is involved in a wide range of reconstruction activities. The Spanish Red Cross (SRC) is rebuilding four schools in Pisco and will soon start the reconstruction of six more in Chincha and Ica provinces. The SRC is extending its programme to house building in San José de los Molinos district in Ica and Independencia district in Pisco. The German Red Cross (GRC) in coordination with the municipal government of Ica is providing clean water for 400 families in the Nueva Esperanza community in the Ica province and 225 families in Villacurí in the Chincha province. The American Red Cross (ARC) carries on its comprehensive preparedness programme, increasing awareness and knowledge about disaster and risk reduction and implementing preparedness planning activities. The Belgian Red Cross- French-speaking community (BRC- Fr) has a multi-pronged programme in three Districts of the Chincha Province (Chincha Alta, Pueblo Nuevo and Grocio Prado) focused on providing technical support on seismic-resistant reconstruction - in cluding ten model earthquake-resistant houses -, a pilot cash-for-housing programme, support for local micro-enterprise, the complete rehabilitation of two kindergarten and primary schools, a mother and child health care programme in partnership with seven local health centres and support to the Peruvian Red Cross in First Aid programmes.

The International Federation extended the Appeal's timeframe for ten months from 28 February 2009 to 31 December 2009 in the previous operations update. As of 25 March 2009, appeal coverage stands at 100 percent. Given the on-going increase in construction market prices, including materials and current labour wage, a revision and re-organization of the Appeal's Budget was necessary to cope with the current situation . It is worth noting that the Movement's overall response (including bilateral contributions) has exceeded the amount of the International Federation appeal. The budgets of the four Participating National Societies (PNS) - the American Red Cross, the Belgian Red Cross- French speaking community, the German Red Cross and the Spanish Red Cross Societies which are carrying out reconstruction and capacity-building activities in the affected areas, reach a total of over 14 million Swiss Francs.

The Federation conveys its gratitude to the following PNSs that have contributed to this Appeal: the American Red Cross, the Andorra Red Cross, the Australian Red Cross, the Austrian Red Cross, the Belgian Red Cross (French-speaking community), the Belgian Red Cross (Flemish-language community), the Brazilian Red Cross,

the British Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross, the Chilean Red Cross, the Croatian Red Cross, the Cyprus Red Cross, the Ecuadorian Red Cross, the Finnish Red Cross, the German Red Cross, the Red Cross Society of China Hong Kong branch, the Irish Red Cross, the Italian Red Cross, the Japanese Red Cross Society, the Luxembourg Red Cross, the Monaco Red Cross, the Netherlands Red Cross, the New Zealand Red Cross, the Norwegian Red Cross, the Singapore Red Cross Society, the Spanish Red Cross, the Swedish Red Cross, the Swiss Red Cross, the Taiwan Red Cross Organization, the Turkish Red Crescent and the Uruguayan Red Cross.

Furthermore, the support of the governments of Belgium, Canada, the People's Republic of China, the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Sweden and the United States, as well as the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO), has been vital to the success of the activities under this operation. The International Federation is thankful for this generous support.

The private sector in Peru and in other countries is also responsible for the success in achieving the Appeal's goals. The Federation thanks the following private foundations for their kind donations: the ALAS Foundation, KLM, the Aztec Foundation (Fundación Azteca), the JT International Foundation, the Monsanto Fund, the OPEC Fund for International Development and the SAFRA Edmond J. Philanthropic Foundation. The International Federation is also grateful to the following companies and institutions: the Alcatel- Lucent Foundation, the Association of Civil Servants of the Peruvian Diplomatic Service (Asociación de Funcionarios del Servicio Diplomático del Perú), BNP Paribas Miami, Exxon Mobil, Galaxy Latin America, Germanischer Lloyd Perú, Goodyear, Hermandad de San Martin de Porras, Kraft Foods, L.L. Bean, Minera San Juan, Pesco Marine SAC Talara, Petrolife Petroleum Company, Petrovietnam Exploration Production Corporation, Rutas Servicios de Viaje, Samsung and Ximesa. The Federation also thanks all the other individuals and institutions who have generously contributed to this Appeal.