A. Situation analysis
A.1 Description of the disaster
In May and September 2015, meteorological phenomena causing low temperatures and frost affected Andean regions 3,500 meters above sea level, with temperatures dropping to below 0°C accompanied by hail and snowstorms. In some locations, temperatures plummeted to -15° C, severely affecting the lives and health of the population, as well as basic services, livelihoods (livestock and agriculture), different types of infrastructure and schools, among others.
On 19 July 2015, the government Executive Decree DS 050-2015 PCM declared a 45-day state of emergency for districts and provinces in the departments of Apurímac, Ayacucho, Arequipa, Cusco,
Huancavelica, Lima, Moquegua, Pasco, Puno and Tacna.