An estimated 1 million Venezuelans are currently living abroad. Approximately a total of 735,000 Venezuelans are estimated to be living in three countries: the United States (255,520), Spain (180,289) and Colombia (470,000). Their migration status varies, from regular and irregular migrants, to refugees and asylum seekers, among others.
In South America, Venezuelan migration has occurred especially in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. According to the present data, collected at the Border Control Post (BCP) CEBAF-Tumbes (at the border with Ecuador), the main destinations of the surveyed individuals are Peru, Chile and Argentina.
In this context, some countries like Colombia and Peru1 have taken specific actions to facilitate the transit and permanence of Venezuelan migrants by creating mechanisms that facilitate regular migration channels. It is also worth mentioning that Uruguay and Argentina allow Venezuelan citizens to benefit from the MERCOSUR Residency Agreement, despite the suspension of Venezuela from this space in mid-2017.
According to official sources in Peru, between January and October of 2017, more than103,000 Venezuelan arrivals were registered in the CEBAF Tumbes BCP, of which more than 64% took place between July and November 2017. Likewise, until October 2017, the BCP of Santa Rosa registered 47,342 Venezuelans who entered Chile.
The current increase in migratory flows highlights the need to carry out exhaustive monitoring and evaluation in collaboration with relevant stakeholders, in order to promote an orderly, safe and humane migration. This report aims to expand the knowledge on the profile of the Venezuelan migrant, as well as the characteristics and dynamics of the migratory route.