Peru

ACT Appeal Peru: Assistance to Cold & Snow Storm Affected LAPE41

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Appeal Target: US$ 69,507
Geneva, 9 August 2004

Dear Colleagues,

Cold waves and snowfalls have hit the Southern Andes of Peru since 25 June - the first week of July being the worst with the lowest temperatures and heaviest snowfalls. At the moment it is winter in Peru with the coldest months being June, July and August. However, this year temperatures have been very low since April and have descended as low as -9º centigrade most nights. In the areas above 4,000 metres, there is deep snow covering the pastures. The situation could worsen drastically as the coldest peaks of winter usually occur around August/September.

The inhabitants of the affected areas are poor peasants surviving from their llamas and alpacas herds and subsistence farming. They live in small communities in very precarious conditions - their dwellings are built of mud with thatched roofs. The extreme climate conditions have caused death and acute cold related illnesses among people. However, their most significant losses have been in livestock that is kept in the open land and that is their main source of survival. This disaster adds up to the flooding and drought that the area has experienced in the preceding months.

ACT members in Peru, Lutheran World Relief (LWR) and PREDES are proposing to support the affected communities to prevent further losses in their livestock and ensure their survival through:

  • Vaccinations and vitamins for the livestock
  • Construction of shelters for the most vulnerable livestock
  • Pasture land crops

Project completion dates:

Lutheran World Relief - 15 December 2004
PREDES - 15 December 2004

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested

LWR
PREDES
Targets in US$
Appeal Targets
24,836
44,671
69,507
Less: Pledges/ Contrib. Received
Balance Requested
24,836
44,671
69,507

Please kindly send your contributions to the following ACT bank account:

Account Number - 240-432629.60A (USD)
Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
UBS AG
8, rue du Rhône
P.O. Box 2600
1211 Geneva 4
SWITZERLAND
Swift address: UBSW CHZH12A

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel. +4122/791.60.38, e-mail address jkg@act-intl.org) of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind cooperation.

ACT Web Site address: www.act-intl.org

Thor-Arne Prois
Director, ACT Co-ordinating Office

ACT is a global alliance of churches and related agencies working to save lives and support communities in emergencies worldwide.

The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.

BACKGROUND

Cold waves and snowfalls have hit the Southern Andes of Peru since 25 June - the first week of July being the worst with the lowest temperatures and heaviest snowfalls. This climatic phenomenon is being experienced to a lesser extent in 8 out of the 24 regions of the country. The most affected territories are located above 4000 metres.

At the moment it is winter in Peru with the coldest months being June, July and August. However, this year temperatures have been very low since April and have descended as low as -9º centigrade most nights. In those areas above 4,000 metres, there is deep snow covering the pastures.

The departments that have been affected are:

Puno (provinces of Puno, Azángaro, Lampa, Melgar, Chucuito, Carabaya, San Antonio de Putina, Huancané, Moho and Collao)

Cusco (provinces of La Convención, Espinar, Chumbivilcas, Canas, Quispicanchis and Canchis)

Moquegua (province of Sánchez Cerro)

Huancavelica (provinces of Huancavelica, Castrovirreyna, Acobamba, Huaytará)

Arequipa (provinces of Arequipa, Caravelí, Caylloma, Castilla, La Unión and Condesuyos)

Apurimac (provinces of Andahuaylas and Aymaraes)

Tacna (provinces of Tarata, Candarave and Jorge Basadre)

Ayacucho (provinces of Parinacochas and Páucar del Sara Sara). It is mountain territory, difficult to access, inhabited by poor peasants families who eke out an existence by raising alpacas, llamas and sheep.

Difficult weather conditions and lack of natural resources are characteristics of the hard life of the peasants. Due to the extreme conditions and poverty the peasants are unable to protect themselves and their families against such extreme temperatures. Houses were not built to support such extreme weather conditions. Cattle are raised outdoors and there are no shelters to provide some protection against the cold weather - this explains the high mortality rate of animals, specially those in calf and young ones.

Houses are mostly flimsy shacks with the roofs built of straw and metallic sheets. These shacks are located on a scattered distribution on field, close to the places where the peasant have their cattle or small crops.

On 23 July 2004 Peruvian Government devised an Intervention Plan for the emergency areas, prioritising medicines for treatment of bronchial illnesses of children and adults, blankets, clothing, roofing and food, as well as fodder, medicines and vitamins for the livestock. In second place: seeds, barns for the cattle and rehabilitation of some small infrastructure to provide employment and income for some of the peasants.

According to the National Institute of Civil Defense (INDECI, Update August 2), 342,947 people are affected. However, because of difficulties in accessing the areas due to bad road conditions and the altitude (between 4,000 and 5000 meters above sea level), these figures are constantly updated and it is feared that the number will increase. It is estimated that around 3,807 houses have been destroyed and agriculture has been severely affected. There have also been important livestock losses - mostly in llama, alpaca and sheep herds - which are the main food sources in the highland communities.

DAMAGES (update August 2, 2004)
Departments
Apurimac
Huancavelica
Ayacucho
Arequipa
Moquegua
Cusco
Puno
Tacna
TOTAL
Persons
30,608
44,238
14,167
38,675
6,215
33,855
169,394
5,794
342,947
Housings
379
2,288
1,140
3,807
Affected Roads (Km)
500
0,95
500
Damaged crops (hectares)
148
19
1,452
1,619
Loss of Crops (hectares)
13
1,650
1,663
Affected Sheep
25,792
20,883
97,970
39,945
33,489
356,284
44,687
619,050
Affected Alpacas/ Llamas
37,930
22,845
26,386
42,371
113,259
180,064
66,187
76,860
565,902
Dead Sheep
7,030
2,222
1,558
1,000
1,407
59,943
10,532
83,692
Dead Alpacas/ Llamas
12,889
2,123
6,243
3,338
5,259
22,845
13,167
64
65,928
Source: National Institute of Civil Defense, INDECI

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