Papua New Guinea: Country Profile
Papua New Guinea is at risk from earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and volcanic eruptions. Across the islands, there are 16 active volcanoes of which six (Rabaul, Ulawun, Pago, Karkar, Manam, and Mount Lamington) are classified as high risk.
About 87 per cent of the population live in rural areas and are reliant on subsistence agriculture. Changing weather patterns has increased the vulnerability of these communities. The effect of the 2015 to 2016 El Niño-induced drought was particularly severe with over 200,000 people requiring food assistance. Rising sea-levels in the Carterets, Mortlock, Nissan, Nuguria and Tasman islands is a growing concern as access to crops and groundwater is decreasing on these islands.