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Pacific and Papua New Guinea Appeal No. 05AA062 Annual Report

Situation Report
Originally published


In Brief

Appeal No. 05AA062; Appeal target: CHF 2,925,609( USD 2,223,934 or EUR 1,877,544); Appeal coverage: 114.5%. (click here to go directly to the attached Annual Financial Report).

Operational Context

During the year 2005, Pacific national societies made progress towards achieving objectives agreed originally under the Pacific Action Plan 2003-2006, which were further revised in the partnership meeting in Samoa in May 2005. The three priority areas remained the same: health and care, disaster management and capacity building/organizational development. Following the review of Strategy 2010 and the development of the Federation of the Future , national societies have committed to scale up on all programme areas. They will do this by focusing on vulnerable communities, improving the quality of programmes and increasing the capacity of staff and volunteers to prepare and respond to the needs of the people, both in their daily spheres as well as in disasters.

A stabilized political situation has decreased the tension in Papua New Guinea, although crimes rates and general insecurity remains high. Economical and social programmes as well as the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) have improved the situation in Solomon Islands. In both countries, the national society has been able to support and reach people living in difficult and/or insecure areas, such as settlements in PNG that have been reached through first aid or health awareness and youth programmes.

While there were no major disasters in the region, some minor natural disasters had a significant impact on livelihoods in the areas they affected. These included four cyclones hitting Cook Islands, floods in PNG and Fiji as well as volcano eruptions in PNG and Vanuatu. Nominated by the government, Red Cross national societies were the leading agency in all these cases. To compliment the limited capacity of the national societies, the operations were managed with assistance (human and financial resources) from other national societies, partner national societies and the Federation. The Solomon Islands Red Cross officer assisted Vanuatu Red Cross colleagues during the response to the Ambae volcano eruption in December 2005, while the New Zealand Red Cross deployed a water and sanitation delegate for assessments. Earlier in the year, the Samoa Red Cross was able to transport supplies to Pukapuka, a remote island of the Cook Islands which is more accessible from Samoa. Equally, the exchange of expertise between national societies has had a positive impact on the improved capacity of Kiribati Red Cross in 2005 (refer to textbox on Integration and Cooperation in Kiribati). In the meantime, the secretary-general from the Solomon Islands added his experience and technical support to the constitutional r e vision process and the annual general meeting and election in the Vanuatu Red Cross.

An integrated community approach initiated in 2004 by regional health, organizational development and disaster management programmes has continued this year. Thus, regional programme integration has been emphasized through increased joint activities and trainings. At the national level, many national societies have not only strengthened their traditional programmes, but also initiated new activities and projects as well as expanded to rural areas, islands and new communities. This not only increases their service delivery to vulnerable groups that are often isolated because of remote locations, but is also an opportunity to increase awareness on Red Cross activities and recruit members and/or volunteers.

The role of the Red Cross in the region has been recognized by other partners, leading to further and closer cooperation with the government (for example the ministry of health) and other partners, such as United Nations (UN) agencies and the Global Fund. Some national societies are part of the avian flu taskforce of their countries, achieving stronger roles and new responsibilities. A Pacific Regional Strategy in HIV/AIDS (PRISP), an initiative between 20 organizations working regionally in the Pacific, has been conceived as a joint effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) on HIV/AIDS. The purpose of the process has been to improve the coordination between different players and harmonize their goals, objectives and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Similar kinds of cooperation and coordination are going on between disaster management organizations, in which the Federation plays an important role. For example, the Federation, linking with other regional organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) as well as Red Cross donors, coordinated the Ambae operation in Vanuatu.

Papua New Guinea

The political situation in PNG has stabilized in 2005. The coalition government appears to have consolidated its position, and now stands to be the first since independence to complete its term in office. Designed to provide direct personnel support to Papua New Guinea to curtail the long-term deterioration of law and order and strengthen economic management, the enhanced cooperation programme with Australia was dealt a blow in May 2005, when a supreme court ruling declared it unconstitutional.

The main basis for the ruling stemmed from the immunities granted to Australian personnel in Papua New Guinea. Following the ruling, most of the 160-strong police contingent was withdrawn. Subsequent efforts to r e vive the programme have resulted in an agreement that steps up the civilian component, with an emphasis on anti-corruption efforts and a scaled-back programme of support to the police that is now mainly training and administrative in nature.

The Papua New Guinea Red Cross Society (PNGRCS) managed to respond affectively to the needs of most vulnerable people affected by the Manam volcanic eruption. The medium-term shelter assistance to the affected people contributed towards a raised national society profile throughout the operation. The Federation Secretariat continues to support the PNGRCS in its core programme areas such as health, organizational development, disaster management and humanitarian values, in addition to the PNGRCS traditional programmes. In the meantime, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) continued funding and technical assistance to the dissemination programme.

For further information specifically related to this Annual Appeal please contact:

  • Federation regional delegation in Fiji: Mr. Alberto Pasini (head of regional delegation); email:, Suva; phone: +679.3311855; fax: +679.3311406.

  • Federation country delegation in Papua New Guinea: Mr. Ervin Bulathsinghala (head of delegation); email:; phone: +675.3112277; fax: +675.3230731

  • Federation Secretariat in Geneva: Ms. Hyun Ji Lee (Pacific regional officer, Asia and Pacific department); email:; phone: +41.22.7304260; fax: +41.22.7330395
This Annual Report reflects activities implemented over a one-year period; they form part of, and are based on, on l ger-term, multi-year planning. All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, please access the Federation's website at

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