AMOUNT: EUR 26 152 483.83
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is experiencing considerably less rainfall this year than in average, a situation related to the El Niño phenomenon. The Government estimates that up to 3 million people are affected, most of them living in the Highlands. The number of seriously affected people, suffering from severe water scarcity and food shortages due to crop failure may be estimated at between 300,000 and 400,000 (the number could be higher because data from some provinces, e.g. the Western Province, is scarce). Even if rainfall would normalise soon and people could resume planting, they would still have to wait some 6 months to be able to harvest the next crop. El Niño is predicted to peak in the first three months of 2016, thus the situation could deteriorate substantially.
An amount of EUR 652 483.83 has been added to this HIP to build up preparedness for a scenario in which the effects of drought are likely to intensify in the coming months, to improve the resilience of people affected by drought in PNG and to improve farmers' preparedness to restart agricultural activities once the rains resume.