April 2017, Port Moresby – In a world facing warming of 2-3 degrees Celsius, Pacific nations with intersecting vulnerabilities are at the frontline of climate change. How can communities be better prepared and empowered with information?
To discuss this issue, and further develop a project proposal focused on enhancing climate data and early warning systems, representatives from across Papua New Guinea’s government – including the Climate Change and Development Authority, Department of Agriculture and Livestock, National Weather Service, National Maritime Safety Authority, National Disaster Center, and Conservation and Environmental Protection Authority – joined technical specialists from UNDP, and partners from New Zealand’s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) and FAO in the capital Port Moresby last month.
Safety and resilience in a changing climate
Around 75% of households in Papua New Guinea are dependent on subsistence agriculture, and around 40% of the population lives on less than US$1 a day. For the heads of farming households, being able to anticipate an impending drought, frost or heavy rains, and being able to act in advance, can mean the difference between feeding your family and not having enough to eat; between making enough money to send your kids to school and not having enough to pay for the basics.
Facing more frequent and intense weather events, driven by climate change, the PNG Government in 2016 identified the need for improved climate information and early warning systems. To address the issue, the government engaged with UNDP to develop a proposal for the Green Climate Fund.
About the project
Over the past months, the project team has honed their focus on improving data (gathering and sharing between organisations) and improving dissemination of information to at-risk communities – specifically smallholder farmers; people living in inland areas subject to river flooding; and small boat operators and passengers.
The team have completed a series of assessments – of current flood early warning systems; community risk; agriculture (current situation, vulnerabilities, risks, gaps); small boats; and food security – and begun work developing a Funding Proposal.
The Proposal encompasses a range of activities including:
- Installing more weather monitoring stations, to improve quantitative data and to feed into risk modelling and rainfall thresholds
- Strengthening a centralized climate-data and forecasting hub where government, NGOs and private entities can better access and share information and where institutions can co-produce sector-specific warnings/advisories
- Improving the delivery of alerts to the community (via radio shows, mobile) around flooding, drought, agriculture and coastal boating conditions
- Investing in community education and planning for enhanced decision-making (for example, helping households and smallholder farmers to understand and act upon advisories and to plan along longer-term timescales, rather than days or weeks ahead; ensuring they receive information on how to take action, for example: which crops to plant, how, where and when)
- Conducting trainings at provincial level in operations and maintenance of equipment/stations; flood forecasting and early warnings
Community buy-in and involvement in these activities is key to the project’s success. The project team has consulted communities in the initial stages, and will continue to do so. Further, the team is seeking to develop a model in which communities maintain ownership over weather monitoring towers and maintain the equipment.
Engaging the private sector
As well as the community as key stakeholders, the Government hopes to engage the private sector in support of the project and, through long-term partnerships, to ensure the sustainability of the systems after GCF funding expires. Over the coming months the project team plans to approach telecommunications, mining and construction companies to explore collaboration and co-financing.
Next steps in proposal development
Moving forward, the project design faces some challenges. Among them, access to target communities due to topography – the interior of the main island is mountainous and hard to reach – land ownership and security risks; planning for operations and management of equipment after the close of the project, to ensure sustainability; and communicating with remote villages (while AM radio ownership and mobile penetration is relatively high, more reliable coverage is critical).
Over the coming months, the project team will continue to gather data, map risks (flooding, drought, other meteorological hazards) and conduct consultations to inform the project’s design.
The project team expects to finalise and submit a Proposal to the Green Climate Fund for consideration at the October Board Meeting in Songdo, Korea.
For more information on this project, please contact Ms. Aishath Azza, Regional Technical Specialist, Climate Change Adaptation, UNDP-Global Environmental Finance Unit, Bangkok Regional Hub, UNDP firstname.lastname@example.org Twitter @AzzaAishath
To learn more about UNDP’s ongoing climate change adaptation work in Papua New Guinea, click here.
*N.B The GCF proposal builds on an ongoing project around flood management in the north coast and islands region of PNG, financed under the Adaptation Fund.