Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (27 March - 2 April 2018)
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
On 29 March a M6.9 earthquake struck off the eastern coast of New Britain island. A tsunami alert was issued and then cancelled, and no casualties or severe impacts have been reported.
On 26 February a M7.5 earthquake struck Southern Highland Province, followed by several aftershocks. At least 270,000 are in need of assistance and 100 people are known to have died.
In response, on 28 March the Disaster Management Team (DMT) issued the Highlands Earthquake Response Plan.
The Plan focuses on providing life-saving assistance and re-establishing basic services. The $62 million response plan, which supplements Government-led relief and recovery efforts, also aims to help restore livelihoods and self-reliance, and provide safety and protection for the most vulnerable. On 27 March, the PNG Parliament passed two bills, formalizing the State of Emergency in earthquake affected areas and establishing a Restoration Authority for the affected provinces.
270,000 people need assistance
Cyclone Josie struck Fiji on 1 April as a category 1 storm, bringing heavy rains and strong winds, and causing flooding and power outages.
Four people have reportedly been killed and one person is missing. After moving away from the main islands, TC Josie struck the Lau group of islands with gale force winds. As of 2 April, TC Josie continues to move away from Fiji in a south-easterly direction at a speed of 7km per hour.
As of the end of March 2018, a total of 836,210 refugees in camps and settlements in Cox’s Bazar have been counted. This includes individuals who arrived before and after August 2017. Agencies in Bangladesh are increasingly concerned about the risk of an outbreak of disease when the monsoon season arrives. The outbreak of diptheria continues, with almost 200 cases reported in the last week, while numerous cases of acute jaundice, including Hepatitis A, also continue to be reported. 54 health facilities are located in flood prone areas, and the majority of structures are not built to withstand strong winds or cyclones.
836,000 refugees counted
On 1 April, there was a phreatic eruption at Mount Dieng in Banjarnegara District, Central Java Province, causing a 150-meter-high mudflow. No casualties were reported and Mount Dieng remains at the alert Level I (normal).
On 30 March, heavy rains triggered landslides in Gorontalo City, Gorontalo Province killing two people. On 26 March, a landslide in Sibolga District, North Sumatera Province killed another two people. Floods in the southern part of the same district also led to the death of a child. Local government is providing support in the affected areas.