Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (10 - 16 Apr 2018)
Heavy fighting broke out between the Myanmar Military and the Kachin Independence Army on 7 April and reportedly continues in several townships of Kachin State. Affected areas include Tanai, Hpakan, Myitkyina, Momauk and Moegaung townships, and Laiza area. Armed clashes have reportedly occurred in close proximity to villages and IDP camps, and there are unconfirmed reports of civilian casualties and displacement. In some areas, it has been reported that people are unable to leave the conflict-affected areas and local humanitarian organizations are coordinating with authorities for their evacuation. The UN has not been able to independently verify information due to ongoing clashes and access restrictions in the affected areas.
Since the beginning of 2018, 2,350 registered Afghan refugees have returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan. In the same period, 8,000 undocumented Afghan refugees also returned. The majority of returnees have reportedly crossed into Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces. As of the end of March 2018, there were almost 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan, the majority in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
A total of 32 hotspots were recorded in eight provinces throughout Indonesia (Riau, Aceh,
Bangka Belitung, South Sulawesi, East Nusa Tenggara, Gorontalo, South Sulawesi, and Maluku) on 14 April 2018. South Sulawesi is experiencing the highest number of hotspots (12), followed by Riau (eight.)
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
As of 13 April, 11,000 households (55,000 people) remain displaced following the 26 February earthquake. This includes 1,250 households staying in nine care centres, and almost 10,000 displaced households who are sheltering within their communities. An estimated 15,700 students studying in 105 schools have had their education disrupted, with five schools destroyed and 100 partially damaged. Water quality testing is underway following damage to traditional water sources. There have been reports of increasing cases of diarrheal diseases and gastrointestinal infections at health facilities in Hela and Southern Highlands Provinces due to consumption of contaminated surface water.
55,000 people remain displaced
With rains due to begin in Cox’s Bazar in April, the relocation of Rohingya refugees from areas at risk of floods and landslides has begun, with the aim that a total of 15,000 people most at risk will be relocated to 2,723 available plots of land. Large-scale works to improve the safety of 123 acres of land in the north-west of Kutupalong is ongoing, alongside improvements to drainage and canals. In addition, 66,000 households have been supported to make improvements to their shelters.
15,000 people at risk