WHO EMRO Weekly Epidemiological Monitor: Volume 12, Issue 35 (01 September 2019)
Current major event
Dengue cases upsurge, Punjab, Pakistan
Provincial Health Department of Punjab Province in Pakistan reported an upsurge of suspected dengue fever cases from different districts of the Province. The cases started reporting from the start of this year and till the date with a total of 48,439 suspected, 765 probable and 809 laboratory confirmed cases has been reported. The most affected district is Rawalpindi.
Dengue fever is an arboviral disease caused by the dengue virus (DENV) and transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. These mosquitoes also transmit other acute undifferentiated febrile illnesses (UFIs) as well.
Dengue fever is endemic in most of the districts in Punjab Province. Rawalpindi is of the districts in Punjab where dengue fever is endemic, with recurring outbreaks reported in almost all the towns over the last few years, and the highest number of confirmed cases was reported in 2015 (See table). The current upsurge of suspected dengue fever cases started with the start of 2019, from different district of Punjab Province. Till the date a total of 48,439 suspected cases has been reported from the province with most affected district being Rawalpindi. Till the date a total of 480 laboratory confirmed cases reported from the Rawalpindi and the most affected area of the district is Potohar town. In addition to the reported cases no associated death has been reported so far. The upsurge in reported cases started from 18th of August and reached its peak on 25th August where 54 positive cases were reported from the town. (See graph).
The age group of the reported cases ranging from 4 years to 70 years and the most affected age group is between 15 to 34 years of age, and majority of cases are male (74%) as compared to females (26%).