Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin - Disease early warning system and response in Pakistan, Volume 2, Issue 51

Situation Report
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Epidemiological week no. 51 (16 to 22 December, 2011)

• 80 districts and 2 agencies provided surveillance data to the DEWS this week from 2,766 health facilities. Data from mobile teams is reported through sponsoring BHU or RHC.

• A total of 825,060 consultations were reported through DEWS of which 236,614 (29%) were acute respiratory infections (ARI); 68,105 (8%) were Skin disease; 57,275 (7%) were acute diarrhoea; and 50,358 (6%) were suspected malaria.

• A total of 117 alerts with 11 outbreaks were reported in week‐51, 2011: Altogether 39 alerts for Measles; 19 for Neonatal tetanus and tetanus; 14 for Leishmaniasis; 9 for AWD; 7 for Pertussis; 4 for Malaria; 2 each for Acute Jaundice Syndrome and Bloody diarrhoea; while 1 for DHF; and 20 alerts for other communicable diseases.

• In this week 6 new type‐1 polio cases were confirmed by the laboratory, two each from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Tank and Peshawar) and Punjab (Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan) and one each from Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Khyber Agency) and Sindh (Thatta). As of 26th December, Pakistan has reported a total of 181 polio cases (179 type‐1 and 2 type‐3) from 58 districts/towns/tribal agencies and areas.