1.0 General overview of the situation
The McRAM, (multi cluster rapid assessment mechanism) facilitated by UNICEF and WFP, was conducted from 31st October to 3rd November in 46 affected villages: 22 in Ziarat, 18 in Pishin and 6 in Harnai. The report will be ready on 6th November.
Government-led coordination mechanism
31 October - The first General Coordination Meeting (GCM) was chaired by the Balochistan Secretary of Population and Social Welfare, government nominated focal person for coordination. The Director General Provincial Disaster Management Authority and representatives of all UN agencies, International and National NGOs participated in the meeting. The notification for the coordination mechanism and activation of the five clusters for effective and coordinated response was presented:
- Chief Secretary as Chairman
- Secretaries, Home & Social Welfare and DG, PDMA comprise the Steering/Overseeing Committee
- The Sectoral Clusters on Food and Agriculture (Relief), Food and Agriculture (Rehabilitation), WaSH, Health and Nutrition, Shelter and Education were notified, with Government Departments as Chair and assisted by various UN agencies as co-chairs. UNICEF co chairs the Education, WaSH and Health and Nutrition.
The Secretary of Population and Social Welfare gave the following update as of 31st October:
- Confirmed deaths: 151 reported and verified (397 reported and not verified)
- Injured: 347 people
- Displaced population: 3,000 households ( approx 21,000 people)
- Villages severely affected: 10
- Distributed government relief items: Tents: 6000 ea, Blankets: 10,000 ea, Sleeping bags: 5,000 ea
01 November - In the second GCM meeting, humanitarian agencies were requested to provide info on 3 Ws (Who is doing What) to be submitted to the Chairman on 03 November . Also, Urgent requirements for the displaced people as follows were discussed: Safe drinking water supply and for domestic use, sanitation facilities, shoes, warm clothing for children and shawls for women and hygiene kits
03 November - Distributed government relief items as presented by the Secretary of Population and Social Welfare in the 3rd General Coordination meeting: Tents: 6000 ea, Blankets: 16,000 ea, jackets: 6,000 ea, Plastic sheets: 12,000, 48 MT of dry food ration, 21,000 bags of Atta Wheat Flour and 10,000 food packets (4,000 packets already distributed in Ziarat).
2.0 Sector Challenges and UNICEF Response
Water, Environment and Sanitation (WES)
With UNICEF assistance and in collaboration with partners, the following were undertaken:
- Partial restoration of two water supply schemes ongoing in Khawash and Warchi to benefit 5,000 people.
- Installation of six water filtration units for 10,000 people in the affected villages of the Ziarat is ongoing.
- Latrine slabs were mobilized from Kharan for construction of 200 latrines.
- WASH cluster coordination was established and first meeting was held on 29 October 2008 in which focal persons at provincial and district level were notified. Partner Mapping for both Ziarat and Pishin is ongoing.
- The Nutrition Plan of action was done in consultation with Director Nutrition Department of Health.
- The printing of 50,000 Behavioural Change Communication materials on Breast feeding Promotion, prevention of diarrhoea and on other good health practices was done and 4,000 were already distributed in Pishin in partnership with the Balochistan Boys Scouts Association and in close coordination with Health Education Cell and Ziarat Executive District Officer Health.
- The Rapid assessment of health facilities confirmed damages to five Basic Health Units, two Rural Health Centers, and two Civil Dispensaries in Ziarat and partial damage to five health facilities in Pishin but non functional as most of the patients and service providers refrain from entering the building.
- The UNICEF assisted Measles Outbreak Prevention campaign for the displaced population commenced on 2nd November in Ziarat.
- Pending the formal notification of the Education Cluster, UNICEF organized and facilitated a coordination meeting on 31 October 2008 attended by education partners. Highlights of the coordination meeting include: a) latest report on the extent of school damages sustained in the three most-affected districts of Ziarat, Pichin and Hurnai: b) the most immediate education concern is for children to complete the academic year and to ensure that children take and successfully pass the annual examination; and c) agreement that each agency will formulate their respective response plan that will focus on the two-prong approach of immediate resumption of educational activities and rehabilitation/reconstruction of damaged school buildings.
- To assist the Department of Education, the list of damaged schools is being compiled by UNICEF and will be shared with all education partners by 4th November.
- A UNICEF team from Islamabad comprised of Chief of Education, Chief of Communication and a Consultant Photographer visited Ziarat and Pishin on 1-2 November to see the extent of the destruction of school facilities. Additional teams will be organized for further field assessment in Ziarat and Pishin. An engineer from PHED currently conducting the physical assessment of the structural safety of damaged schools. Report is expected to be ready by 7th November.
- The Primary Education Support Project activities were temporarily suspended as project personnel and logistics support provided assistance to the earthquake affected areas.
- The Education Emergency Supply plan was developed and supplies were mobilized from Karachi Warehouse which include the following items: School-in-a-box, Recreational Kit, Classroom Supplies, School Bags, Meena story books, and sports and recreation materials.
- Items distributed on 31st October: Woolen Shawl for women (200), Children sweaters (800) Socks (400) as part of Protection cluster response. UNICEF, Social Welfare and Minister for Inter-district coordination took part in the distribution of relief items among affected population.
Supply & Logistics
- Various NFRIs (non food relief items) for WaSH and Health and Nutrition valued at USD 305,073 have been dispatched from Karachi warehouse to Quetta on 3rd November.