Pakistan + 1 more

South Asia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #44, Fiscal Year (FY) 2006

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated March 31, 2006

BACKGROUND

Immediately following the magnitude 7.6 earthquake that struck Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan on October 8, 2005, USAID deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) to Pakistan. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the earthquake's epicenter was located near Muzaffarabad, the capital of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) in Pakistan, approximately 60 miles north-northeast of Islamabad. The USAID/DART arrived on October 10 and worked with the Government of Pakistan (GOP) and local authorities, U.N. agencies, and international and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to assess humanitarian needs, provide technical support, and assist with targeting and coordination of U.S. government (USG) assistance in conjunction with USAID/Pakistan. USAID identified shelter, relief supplies, logistics, health, water and sanitation, and livelihoods support as priority sectors for relief operations. Humanitarian interventions in AJK and North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) and extensive preparations for winter weather by relief organizations minimized the negative impact of snow and rainfall during the winter season. Although the USAID/DART formally closed on March 31, a USAID/OFDA Emergency Disaster Response Coordinator (EDRC) will remain in Pakistan through the end of September 2006 to support USAID/Pakistan in following the interagency humanitarian response, coordinating with partners, and monitoring USAID-funded programs.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Pakistan 73,338 dead
128,309 injured
More than 5 million homeless
GOP - December 14
GOP - December 14
GOP - December 14
India 1,309 dead
6,622 injured
150,000 homeless
Government of India (GOI) - October 26
GOI - October 26
GOI - October 14

USG Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance Pledged(1): $510,000,000
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance Committed to Pakistan: $69,442,852
Total USAID Humanitarian Assistance Committed to Pakistan: $87,442,852
USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance Committed to India: $600,662
Total USG Humanitarian Assistance Committed to South Asia: $105,043,514

CURRENT SITUATION

As of June 11, 85 percent of families located in displaced person camps in earthquake-affected areas have returned to their places of origin. According to OCHA, as of August 8, the total residual displaced person caseload in AJK and NWFP is 31,000 people residing in 59 camps.

Since the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) began food assistance to earthquake-affected individuals in October 2005, the organization has provided 85,000 metric tons (MT) of food assistance to approximately 1 million beneficiaries. WFP continues to provide food assistance to 5,000 families or 30,000 beneficiaries, and tentatively plans to assist an additional 52,000 people in 18 villages in the Muzaffarabad area that are currently deemed unsafe by the GOP, due to risk of landslides, and likely to be relocated.

As part of the early recovery plan, WFP and the GOP have launched a two-year livelihoods assistance program in earthquake-affected areas. Approximately 1 million people in NWFP and AJK will benefit from food-for-work and food-for-training projects totals $68 million. The program will focus on the restoration of community infrastructure, livelihood creation, and the production of reconstruction materials.

USAID/OFDA, together with USAID/Pakistan, continues to monitor the effects of monsoon rains, which began in July causing flooding and mudslides along slopes already weakened by the earthquake in October 2005.

Note:

(1) This pledge includes $300 million in economic assistance from the USG, $110 million in U.S. military in-kind support for relief operations, and at least $100 million anticipated from U.S. private contributions.

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