South Asia: Earthquake Appeal No. 05EA022 Operations Update No. 26

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.
In Brief

Operations Update no. 26; Period covered: 18 May to 30 July, 2006; Appeal target: CHF 227 million (USD 186 million or EUR 145 million); Appeal coverage: 57.9%; Outstanding needs: CHF 95.8 million (USD 77.7 million or EUR 60.9 million) (Click here to go directly to the attached Contributions List, also available on the website).

Appeal history:

Preliminary Emergency Appeal (launched as South Asia: Earthquake) on 9 October 2005 for CHF 10.8 million (USD 8.4 million or EUR 7 million) for four months to assist 30,000 families (some 120,000 beneficiaries).

Operations Update No. 3 of 12 October 2005 increased the Preliminary Appeal budget to CHF 73,262,000 (USD 56,616,692 or EUR 47,053,307) to assist up to 150,000 families (some 750,000 beneficiaries) for six months, as an increasingly serious situation has unfolded.

Operations Update No. 5 of 17 October 2005 revised down the number of targeted families to 70,000 (some 500,000 beneficiaries), based on the newly assessed delivery capacity and average family size of seven.

Revised Emergency Appeal launched on 25 October 2005 for CHF 152 million (USD 117 million or EUR 98 million) to assist 81,000 families (some 570,000 beneficiaries) for six months.

Revised Emergency and Recovery Appeal launched on 28 March 2006 for CHF 227 million (USD 172 million or EUR 145 million) to assist over 1,085,000 beneficiaries through to the end of 2008.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000.

Operational Summary: The operation is now into the recovery phase but is maintaining relief activities to meet residual needs. These residual relief activities are expected to continue through to at least the end of the year. A major distribution operation was undertaken in June/July to assist families before the monsoon rains arrived and access became difficult. A total of 41,053 families received assistance including 13,573 tents and 82,107 family hygiene kits (provided by the British Red Cross). This latest operation means the number of people assisted with emergency relief by the Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS)/Federation since the earthquake has topped the 1.1 million mark.

Planning for reconstruction has progressed with the Federation/PRCS identifying 44 projects across North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Pakistan-administered Kashmir. These involve educational and health facilities and community centres. This operation is not involved in housing reconstruction. All projects have been given ERRA approval and sites have been allocated. Up to five projects may be 'fast-tracked' with construction underway by September while the remaining projects would commence in November.

The livelihoods operation is underway with the first distributions of seeds, fertilizer and tools completed in Batagram district. A total of 4,474 families have received seeds and fertilizer and 1500 have been provided with tool kits. The first village to receive maize seed has already recorded successful germination of the seeds.

Health activities are continuing with one new mobile health team in operation around Banna, bolstering the work already been done by four teams around Besham and Balakot. The Federation/Swedish water and sanitation unit wound up in July and has been handed over to the PRCS. Water and sanitation activities are now centered on rehabilitating water supply schemes. Hygiene promotion activities continue. The psychosocial support project has transferred its operation from relief camps (most of which are closed) and into communities.

A major capacity building achievement has been the establishment of a 30-strong national disaster response team (NDRT). The NDRT members came through a rigorous and exacting training course in July. A second training will be held later this year. There has also been training is monitoring/assessment/reporting and logistics for PRCS/Federation staff.

The appeal budget is still only 58 percent covered, leaving a funding shortfall of approximately CHF 100 million (USD 81.4 million, EUR 64 million). This will seriously impact on planned implementation of programmes in the longer term unless the funding situation improves.


An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter scale, centred 95 km northeast of Pakistan's capital, Islamabad, struck at 08:50 local time (03:50 GMT) on 8 October 2005, with tremors felt across the region from Kabul to Delhi. The quake decimated large areas of northern Pakistan and northern India. The affected area of almost 30,000 square kilometres was the size of Belgium. In Pakistan, 73,000 people were killed and more than 120,000 were injured. Approximately 3.5 million people were left homeless.

The International Federation undertakes activities that are aligned with its Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Pakistan Red Crescent Society: Khalid Kibriya (secretary-general); email: ; phone: +92.51.925.0404; fax: +92.51.925.0408

Federation country delegation in Pakistan: Azmat Ulla (head of delegation); email: ; mobile: +92.300.850.3317; fax: +92.51.443.0745; Udaya Regmi (deputy head of delegation); email:; mobile: +92.300.555.4502

Federation South Asia regional delegation in India: Bob McKerrow (head of regional delegation); email:; phone: +91.11. 2411.1125; fax: +91.11. 2411.1128

Federation Secretariat in Geneva (Asia Pacific department): Christine South (regional officer); email:; phone: +41.22.730.4529; fax: +41.22.733.0395.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

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