RC/HC Office of Pakistan Oct 2006 Situation Report

Situation Report
Originally published
Key Events

- To commemorate the anniversary of the October 2005 earthquake, the State Minister for Economic Affairs and the President George H.W. Bush as UN Special Envoy addressed the press and donors at UN Headquarters in New York on 6 October with an update on the relief and recovery highlights. Both the Special Envoy and the State Minister referenced a need for donors to convert pledges into contributions to continue the ongoing recovery activities.

- The 8 October earthquake was commemorated amidst various programmes in Islamabad and the affected regions. ERRA the launch of its first annual report on 5 October with President Musharraf as the Chief Guest. On 8 October, the President, PM and other leaders visited the affected area to inaugurate several facilities and interact with affected people. The humanitarian community held a brief memorial ceremony at Fatima Jinnah Park in Islamabad.

- The UN Day celebration ceremony was organised at the ILO office on 19 October where certificates of commendation were awarded to four persons in recognition of their contribution to the relief operation. The Honourable Foreign Minister, Mr Khurshid Mahmood Kasuri participated as the Chief Guest. The event also launched the distribution of No Ordinary Success Story - Testimonies about the aftermath of the 2005 earthquake In Pakistan.

- President of Pakistan, Mr. Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Mr. Shaukat Aziz presented a certificate of recognition to UNDP and the National Volunteer Movement for their contribution to relief and early recovery in the aftermath of the October 8 earthquake. The Prime Minister, in his capacity of Chairman of the ERRA Council praised the livelihoods strategy and commended FAO for its excellent contributions.


01. ERRA and the IASC country team have prepared the first Early Recovery Plan quarterly report for the period June to August 2006. This quarterly review provides an update of the emerging recovery needs and a reprioritized list of projects now totalling USD 255 million. As of the end of August 2006, some USD 161 million had been mobilized, leaving a funding gap of just under USD 94 million.

02. The IASC Operational Group has outlined a series of issues affecting the transitional relief and recovery activities such as a lack of clear and systematic information dissemination on all policy issues; comprehensive land policy; challenges in obtaining cash compensation; legal aid, long-term solutions for vulnerable populations; inadequate living conditions for the coming winter months (i.e., shelter, food, security etc). Project approval processes frequently delay the implementation of sectoral programmes or the procurement of essential inputs. These issues are being raised by the IASC with relevant authorities, especially ERRA and the Economic Affairs Division.

03. A recent Oxfam survey of 17 earthquake-hit villages found that virtually all those who were living in tents lacked adequate protection against the approaching winter. Oxfam believes that about 60,000 people could be forced to move from their mountain villages because of harsh winter conditions and would need accommodation in camps. Thousands of others in remote rural areas remain at risk because access to vital supplies of food, fuel and medicine are often blocked by winter snow and landslides. Oxfam estimates that some 1.8 million people are still living in temporary shelters. Over 40,000 people are known to be in tents in the official camps. Thousands of others are believed to be in the unofficial camps and tents or temporary shelter close to their home villages.

04. ERRA has approved Winter Policy Guideline for winter preparedness and assistance. This Policy Guideline supports winter contingency plans preparation for the Governments NWFP and PAK to fine tuning of planning assumptions and targets. It defines roles and responsibilities of two governments and ERRA. The ERRA Transitional Relief Cell, two governments and IASC facilitated the preparation of their respective winter preparedness and contingency plans. ERRA has opted for a displaced camp winterization process of plastic sheeting and timber frame construction to be erected over tents. Relevant IASC members are seeking to use CGI sheets to cover the roof above the tented structures to avoid any collapses in the event of a heavy snowfall.

05. The Government of Pakistan has taken over management responsibility of WATSAN from the UN and other agencies. The District Government confirms that water supply has resumed to Maira Camp since 17 August. Many WATSAN agencies have prioritized interventions in the tented schools. The rural water scheme rehabilitation is likely to suffer due to delayed implementation and limitation of pipe manufacturing capacity. Water quality monitoring system needs to be mainstreamed into the line agencies with the involvement of PCRWR and Ministry of Health / Environment. Despite focus shifted to rural areas, urban water systems should also receive attention from the concerned authority. The capacity of Municipal Corporations and Line Agencies needs to be strengthened for the provision of basic services. Agencies support is required to continue removal of increased solid waste production.

06. The Norwegian Refugee Council reports substantial humanitarian needs if predictions of harsh Himalayan winter are accurate. While local reconstruction efforts continue apace, shelter gaps remain - especially in the Kaghan and Allai Valleys where approximately 8,000 shelters are required to ensure that at least 56,000 people have a roof over their heads during the fast approaching winter. At this juncture in the response, NRC called upon the Government, the UN and the broader response community to engage in timely local level contingency planning which takes into consideration the vast and varied geographic scenarios that the affected areas present. The robust level of coordination that ensured the success of the past 'Winter Race' will be revived. A redoubling of accountability to beneficiaries through community consultations needs to take place.

07. The Joint Registration and Constraint Surveys have been completed in all camps of NWFP by IOM, NRC and district authorities in Mansehra. They reveal that the number of families registered is 88 families at Siran Sialkot Camp; 620 families at Jabba Camp and 123 families at Maira Camp. Turkish Light House Camp has been providing free food packets (87 kg per family per month) to all IDPs at both Siran Sialkot and Jabba camps. The total number of IDPs in all the three camps of NWFP are 837 families and approximately 4,345 individuals.

08. IFRC has started distribution 2 litres of milk per person to pregnant women and children age group of 0-18 months. Similarly, WFP is providing food, distributed in advance due to Ramzan. Other organizations also distributed special food package for the month of Ramzan.

09. The Protection Network shared a working document on the dangers of having orphan children in institutions and advocated for the community based rehabilitation and support to affected children. The number of such institutions operating in the area was 3 before the Earthquake, now reached to over 12 as of March this year. The survey findings conducted by Save the Children (Sweden) found 11 institutions in Mansehra, none was registered with the Social Welfare Department. These institutions are operating with different standards. The Social Welfare Department is requested to identify the number of such institutions, management/organizers, staff and children they have, especially in Abbottabad and Mansehra. The authority should ensure registration of these institutions and provide capacity building training to staff in psychosocial support activities, protection and child rights.

10. Vulnerable residual case load is 4,855 families (25,238 individuals) residing in 40 camps in Muzaffarabad District. Upgrading of 13 camps is in progress by BEST. Oxfam (GB) and MSF (Holland) will phase out from these camps at the end of this month and focus more on providing services to the rural areas. 34 camp management committees (each comprises of 14 members) have been formed in the camps. Camp Management Committees will deal with all camp related issues. Camp Management Organization (CMO) will prepare ToRs for CMCs. Merlin is providing disinfection spray and hygiene promotion campaign in the camps. Food distribution by WFP continued in the camps. WFP food distribution in the camps beyond October 2006 will be subject to request from CMO and the Federal Government.

11. Concern has completed its one year emergency operation and shall wind up the operation in October. As per the constraint survey report, most of the registered IDPs are landless claimants. Details of these claimants have been forwarded to the respected District Administrations for verification. It is likely that after verification, many IDPs from 23 seismic zone villages will be repatriated. IOM is planning to provide transport to such IDPs for their safe return home. District Administration is in process of acquiring land for the landless IDPs but it may take time to accomplish this. Compensation of payment and land policy for the landless IDPs continued to be major issues.

12. IOM has launched a shelter security survey covering 50 earthquake affected union councils in the districts Muzaffarabad, Bagh, Poonch, and Rawalakot to identify shelter related requirements. The survey was carried out with international and national NGOs, the civil authorities, local community based organizations and volunteers. The survey will help the authorities to better understand shelter situation and to prepare contingency plans ahead of winter.

13. The DG SERRA is compiling a report highlighting their achievements since the earthquake. The report will be published in Urdu and widely distributed to various segment of civil society. UNDP is encouraging both the PERRA and SERRA to incorporate information on disaster risk reduction in their reports and would, in turn, assist with the production and dissemination costs.

14. Funding status of the Early Recovery Plan as of 30 October 2006 is as follows:

Name of
Total Programme
Latest Available
Donor Funds
to be Identified
Delivery Status
Housing Shelter Camp
Support to Vulnerables
Common Services and