Rapid needs assesment report of Swat District NWFP, Pakistan

Originally published


Contracted by: HOPE'87
Conducted by: Swat Youth Front (SYF)
6th - 11th August 2009

Executive Summary:

In July 2009, after the start of return process of the IDPs to district Swat, N.W.F.P., Pakistan and gradual improvement of the security situation, HOPE'87 in collaboration with Swat Youth Front (SYF) conducted a Rapid Needs Assessment between the 6th and the 11th of August, 2009. The eight person's team conducted an assessment in all seven Tehsils of district Swat namely Babozai (respondents from U.C's Qambar, Sangota, Saidu Sharif, Band, Mingora, Shahdara Landikas, Angaro, Derai, Tindo Dak, Gulkada, Faiz Abad, Manglor, Amankot, Minglor, Rahimabad, Gogdara and Malookabad) , Kabal (respondents from U.C's Chanda, Khor, Bara, Bandai, Kala kaly, Kabal, Bandal, Kanju, Damghar and Kozabandai), Barikot (respondents from U.C's Parri, Manyar, Ghlagai, Barikot, Kota and Odigram), , Khwazakhela (respondents from U.C's Khwazakhela, Takdari, Sheend, Kotani, and Takdari), Charbagh (in U.C's Charbagh, Kishwara, Gulibagh and Telegram), Behrain (respondents from U.C's Beshigram, Shahgram, Madyan, Chail and Satal) and Matta (respondents from U.C's Sher Palam, Asharai, Khrarorai, Bar Thana, Matta, Durshkhela, Sambat, Shawar, Sijband, Chuprial, Biya Kan, Kala Kalay, Arkot, Biha, and Rahat Kot).

The primary focus of the assessment was to evaluate the existing social, economic, security, food security, water & sanitation and health & hygiene situation before and after the crisis. Besides providing statistics and simple analysis, this document also presents key issues related to the needs and expectations of local residents.

The core objectives of the study were: (1) to assess the general socio economic conditions of the population in Swat before and after the return (2) to identify immediate needs/priorities of the victims of the conflict (3) to assess the food security and health situation and (4) to gather information regarding the people's access to water and awareness about sanitation & hygiene practices.

The data collection for the survey was based on a primary data collection through interview schedule/questionnaire of affected people and observation in the area. In total 200 respondents (83% men and 17% women) were interviewed, comprising of recently returned IDPs, people who stayed back in the conflict zone and IDPs living with host families in the seven Tehsils of Swat.

The major findings of the assessment are as follows:

- Before the crisis 28% of the responded had a monthly income of more than 40,000 PKR (348 Euro), while only 8% had a monthly income of up to 5,000 PKR (44 Euro). After the crisis only 4% have a monthly income of 30,000 PKR maximum while 35 % have no monthly income. These 35% respondents are mostly labourers, businessmen, and farmers.

- Currently 96% of the respondents have access to water. Piped water supply, protected and unprotected hand pumps, protected wells, protected and unprotected springs are/were the most accessible/available and expected sources of water for drinking, washing and livestock. 16.5% of the functioning water sources have been destroyed after the crisis.

- The majority of households (144 respondents) has closed water storage facilities. 55% of the families believe they are using contaminated water, 39.5% respondents have no awareness regarding the water quality while only 5% think they are using pure drinking water. Regardless only 0.5% families filter the water before using.

- 98% of the respondents do not boil the water before drinking, mainly due to lack of fuel, time consumption, devoid of facility, unawareness and in general there is no tendency to boil the water.

- The 80.9% of the household member are using family and shared latrine facilities, whereas still 30.5% of men also use the open field for defecation in the rural areas.

- 83% of the household members are using only water to wash their hands before food preparation, eating and after latrine use, whereas 15% of the respondents are using water and soap to wash their hands. Only 2% are not aware of this practice.

- 79% of the households dispose off their solid waste off site, while the remaining 21% dispose their waste on site.

- The survey data showed that only 12.5% received NFIs (especially hygiene kits) during the crisis.

- 66.5% of the households have no food reserves. 73.5% of the families who have food reserves have food for up to 15 days and 26.5% have food for about 15 to 30 days.

- Diarrhoea, skin rash, cold/flu, fever and respiratory problems were the most common health problems faced by the respondents within the last 15 days. 81.5% or 163 respondents were seeking treatment from multiple health facilities. Among these 92 respondents received health care from Government Health Facilities, 105 respondents from private clinics, while 11 respondents relied on traditional healers.

- In response to highlight the top 5 priorities for the next 30 days and for the next 6-8 months, the households prioritized the needs in such a manner, which are food, health services, hygiene kits, education facilities, water pumps & tube wells and water purification tablets, respectively.