The nature and intensity of natural disasters has changed considerably over the period of time. Disaster risk reduction and management, attempts to address risks associated with potential hazards is an integral part of development. Consequently, it is less events and more process oriented. It is based on a continuous assessment of vulnerabilities, risks and involves the role of multiple actors and stakeholders. Given the complexity, contingency planning is required to define what preparedness mechanisms will be used, when and where. Before a response is required, contingency planning affords agencies, both government and humanitarian the opportunity to define when, where and why their emergency response resources will be deployed, when emergency funds will be used and what kind of responses, materials and types of personnel they will need.
The lessons learnt from unprecedented floods of 2010 followed by heavy monsoon rainfalls of 2011, flash flooding in 2012 and subsequent disasters required quick and effective actions to control the situation and above all, to save lives. However, effective action depends on the existence of practical and well tested contingency plans. The Provincial Contingency Plan has been formulated to translate recommendations from district administrations, line departments and other stakeholders into action. However, the devastation caused due to floods/ rainfalls witnessed during recent years has necessitated for taking on board all agencies for an integrated contingency planning, involving government departments, districts administrations, armed forces and humanitarian assistance organizations, thereby ensuring synergized and optimal utilization of resources by agencies in the field while complementing each other with appropriate linkages and better coordination to support actions along lines of command.
PDMA continues to emphasize upon the Contingency Planning process as a preparedness measure for response to natural hazards particularly Monsoon Contingency. Following catastrophic floods since 2010, this plan focuses on planning for the upcoming Monsoon - 2017 hazards to identify and analyze related risks for not just their humanitarian impacts but also the associated adverse affects on private and public infrastructure, and to define roles and responsibilities of diverse stakeholders for preparedness and response.
It is worth mentioning here that PDMA shared guidelines for 2017 Monsoon contingency planning with district administrations, line departments, armed forces and other stakeholders primarily for anticipating likely scenarios and perceiving threat levels. While further drawing conclusions from the inputs through the technical experts and relevant departments, it mainly involves identifying gaps and challenges to effective emergency response and then planning and implementing a series of actions to increase response capacity and reduce potential gaps. Unlike former simple or generic plans scenarios were used as a basis for developing preparedness plans. The key anticipated outcomes are:
Awareness for Building Capacities for Response,
Depict anticipated threat perception for earmarking required resources,
Build Integrated Planning Capacities, and
Define required gaps ensuing Preparatory Measures.
The preparations have been made keeping in view the recent years. Whereas, the PMD have predicted that during July, the monsoon rain may range in normal limits but less than normal rainfall is likely in August and September with isolated heavy fall at certain placed and possibility of flash flooding in mountain and sub-mountains ranges as well as heavy falls at some areas may cause urban flooding. It has further indicated that there is a likelihood of drought condition in southern parts of the country.