Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is prone to natural hazards including floods, earthquake, landslides and cyclones resulting in widespread damage from time to time. Due to its specific geography and topography,
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has increased vulnerability to floods. Apart from natural disasters, the province is also faced with human induced disasters, with increasing number of incidents of terrorism in the last two decades. On the other hand climate change has increased the vulnerability to disasters and has induced erratic weather patterns. Consequently, the entire region is experiencing unpredictable rainfall, increase in temperature and variation in seasons. As a result Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has faced severe damages in the last five years.
In 2010, floods wreaked havoc in the province. According to the Federal Flood Commission the combined flow of river Swat and Kabul touched a new historical high of 400,000 cusecs as against the previous figure of 250, 000 cusecs in 1929. The vulnerability of the province as well as its exposure to the hazards can easily be assessed from the study of disasters in last two years, including heavy rain showers, semi cyclones, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) and earthquakes. To cope with, prepare and minimize the risk of floods, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government is making a series of efforts.
Contingency planning for the upcoming monsoon season is one of the major steps. This plan has been prepared after a series of consultative meetings with the District Administration, provincial and federal line agencies working in the province, Pak Army Headquarters Engineers 11 Corps Peshawar and humanitarian organizations including United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), Pakistan Red Crescent Society, DRR Forum and National Humanitarian Network.
Contingency Plan 2017 has been designed while keeping in mind three different scenarios i.e. high, medium and low flood impact scenario. The data from the three scenarios has also been augmented by inclusion of other multiple factors such as impact on population of a district, infrastructure and accessibility. Keeping in view Pakistan Meteorological Department`s weather forecast, PDMA is making efforts to strengthen the district administration by providing resources and other relevant support for immediate response. Resource mapping of all districts and relevant stakeholders is an integral part of this document. Based on the resource mapping PDMA is striving to provide the required resources identified by the districts and other relief agencies & departments well before the start of Monsoon 2017.