Pakistan: Plan 2009-2010 (MDRPK002)

Situation Report
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Executive summary

This is the 2009 plan of the Pakistan office of the International Federation. It is for information only, as the funds for this plan are covered through the Earthquake Emergency Appeal (M05EA022 - launched in 2005 and recently extended to the end of 2009) and Cyclone Yemyin/Floods emergency appeal (MDRPK001 - launched in July 2007 and extended to June 2009). The total budget for 2009 is CHF 15.5 million (of which CHF 15.1 million is covered under the earthquake appeal and CHF 435,000 under the floods appeal). Progress will be reported through the operations update of the two emergency appeals. With both the emergency appeals ending in 2009, it is expected that Pakistan will become a part of the International Federation's two-year rolling plan process starting with the 2010- 2011 planning cycle. This document briefly describes the main outcomes that programmes seek to achieve in 2009 under the two emergency appeals. Both the appeals have entered the recovery phase and the main focus is on the long-term rehabilitation of the affected people.

The International Federation along with its global network works to accomplish its Global Agenda Goals, partnering with local communities and civil society to prevent and alleviate human suffering from disasters, disease and public health emergencies.

Country context

Pakistan is ranked 136th (out of 177) in the 2007-08 UNDP Human Development Index. Pakistan faces significant challenges in basic health care coverage (particularly maternal and child health care) and water and sanitation(1). According to the Human Development Index, the infant mortality rate across the country is 79 per 1,000 live births and the under-five mortality rate is 99/1,000. The maternal mortality rate is 530 per 100,000 live births. The country is prone to natural disasters such as seasonal monsoon flooding, landslides and earthquakes. Pakistan mostly comprises of scattered rural communities, many with limited access to basic infrastructure(2).

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) plan for 2009 is part of two ongoing emergency appeals. The Pakistan earthquake operation was launched in the aftermath of the massive earthquake that hit the country on 8 October 2005. Due to the scale of the earthquake operation, the normal annual appeal process was suspended and ongoing programmes were merged into the overall plan for the earthquake operation. The earthquake appeal has now been extended until the end of 2009 so that the planned activities can be completed.

After the flooding caused by heavy rains and Cyclone Yemyin, PRCS launched an emergency appeal for six months in July 2007. However, in order to implement long-term recovery activities and to further build capacity of the national society, Pakistan Cyclone Yemyin/Floods appeal has been revised and the time period has been extended until June 2009. The operation's emergency activities are finished and have now moved onto recovery. The appeal is being extended and budgets have been revised. New objectives and expected results have been set in line with the available funds.

National Society priorities and current work with partners

Pakistan Red Crescent Society implements a wide range of programmes, including disaster management, health and care, organizational development and its emergency ambulance service. However, the priorities of the national society at the moment are disaster preparedness and risk reduction, health and care and capacity building. Under the earthquake emergency appeal, the PRCS is also doing reconstruction of essential public facilities which will be completed by the end of 2009.

The PRCS has a five-year rolling plan which covers branch development, community-based disaster risk reduction activities, development of disaster management cells, trainings in running emergency response units, volunteer capacity building and establishment of health centres.

Under the earthquake operation(3), a cooperation agreement between the International Federation and the national society was signed in February 2007. A separate agreement for reconstruction was also signed in February 2007. Under the earthquake appeal, long-term support has been provided by partner national societies through multilateral and bilateral channels. Currently there are ten partner national societies operating in Pakistan; American Red Cross, Austrian Red Cross, British Red Cross, Canadian Red Cross, Danish Red Cross, German Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross (in the form of a delegate seconded to the International Federation), Qatar Red Crescent, Swiss Red Cross and Turkish Red Crescent. Regular Movement partnership meetings are held for coordination purposes. In the emergency phase of the floods operation(4), various partner national societies including the Austrian Red Cross, British Red Cross, Danish Red Cross, Finnish Red Cross, Spanish Red Cross, Swiss Red Cross and Swedish Red Cross extended their assistance in the form of emergency response units.

The PRCS and the International Federation have been liaising closely with the government's Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA), National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and relevant United Nations agencies to coordinate interventions under the earthquake and floods operations.

Transition phase

The national society at the moment has two emergency appeals, which will both be ending in 2009. The PRCS programmes are already in line with the International Federation's strategies such as disaster risk reduction, building safer communities, community-based first aid in action, and youth peer education. The International Federation is in the process of scaling-down the country office and scaling-up the national society capacity in terms of material and human resources. The International Federation will be handing over most of the recovery projects to PRCS by the end of 2009. However, the International Federation is committed to continue to support the core programmes of the PRCS beyond 2009, and has started the process of mapping which partner national societies are interested to support PRCS beyond 2009. The plans will be included in the 2010-11 planning document.

Most of the long-term programmes of PRCS have already been incorporated in the earthquake recovery operation. Beyond 2009, the programmes that will be carried out by the national society will be: disaste management (disaster risk reduction and disaster response), health and care (HIV, measles (under the global appeal), avian influenza (under the global appeal), organisational development/capacity building (branch development, trainings, fund raising) and humanitarian values (dissemination of material). The reconstruction programme will be finished by the end of 2009.