I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
- New displacement from Lower Dir, Swat and Buner is occurring as curfews have been lifted to allow civilians who remain in the areas to leave.
- The District Department of Education reported that 60 percent of schools in the Swat district are completely destroyed.
- There are 100,000 people in 2,000 spontaneous camps with urgent needs in water and sanitation.
- The funding situation remains very dire with only 25% coverage of the Humanitarian Response Plan. Without fresh contributions, humanitarian response operations will seriously be hampered.
II. Situation Overview
The latest IDP figure stands at approximately 2 million. IDP registration figures are still being verified by the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA). The organization will soon begin to register displaced people in Sindh province.
Humanitarian operations continue to focus on providing relief assistance to IDPs in camps, host families, schools and spontaneous settlements. Preparations are being made for the upcoming monsoon to avoid further deterioration in the already difficult conditions the displaced populations are experiencing.
Added to this, new displacement from Lower Dir, Swat and Buner is occurring as curfews have been lifted to allow civilians who remain in the areas to leave. The humanitarian community and the authorities in NWFP are working closely together to provide assistance to the new inflow of IDPs. Three new camps (Larama, Ramala and Kund Park) have been established to accommodate them.
The urgent humanitarian needs of people who have stayed in areas of conflict are being addressed by ICRC1 i and others. An ICRC team arrived in Mingora, Swat, on 3 June and found no running water, no electricity and no fuel for generators. Most medical facilities in the district were no longer functioning and food was scarce. Access to these areas remains a serious constraint to the provision of assistance.
An initial security and humanitarian assessment was conducted in Buner on 28 May. The assessment team travelled as far as the town of Sultanwas beyond which, military operations are still ongoing. The assessment noted that while people were returning during the day to harvest their crops and gather belongings, they were leaving again before the curfew at 7 pm. There is a threat from improvised explosive devices (IED) and unexploded ordinances (UXO) in the area. There is no electricity in the district, which means no running water. Health facilities cannot function properly and there are no telecommunications. The civil administration, and in particular, law and order institutions, are not functioning as civil servants and the police have not yet returned.
A second assessment took place in Northern FATA (Bajaur and Mohmand) on 1 June. The assessment reports that situation in Bajaur was reasonably secure, with markets open and electricity available. Based on the results of this report, a rapid multi-cluster assessment will be conducted in Buner and Bajaur in the coming week.
III. Humanitarian Needs and Response
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
According to NWFP's Emergency Response Unit, there are 265,122 IDPs in 21 old and new camps.
Response: The International Labour Organization has hired IDPs to do short term work in camps. Men are helping to dig trenches for water pipelines, erect purda or privacy walls, install electricity in tents and carry out visitors' registration. Female IDPs provide information services and care to injured and pregnant women; they also improve tents by fixing flooring, drainage and erecting safety walls. So far, a total of 955 workdays have been created, 764 for men and 191 for women.
Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs)
Response: The cluster is helping IDP families living in camps with tents, shade from the sun and non-food items. Over 800 tents have been constructed in Yar Hussain and Larama camps by cluster partners, the Society for Sustainable Development and the Pakistan Community Development Program in collaboration with UNHCR. Over 500 shades for individual tents have been built by Idrak and UNHCR. In Katcha Gari camp, IDPs themselves erected 150 tents under the supervision of a cluster partner, the Community Research and Development Organization.
In Mardan district, 10 distribution hubs were shaded and in Charsadda, 2 out of 5 hubs, were also shaded by Sarhad Rural Support Program and UNHCR. A technical assessment was completed in Nowshera district and another is about to begin in Swabi district.
Gaps/challenges: According to UNHCR, there are 100,000 people in 2,000 unstructured, disorganized and un-serviced spontaneous camps.
Response: As of 4 June, WFP and the Food Cluster distributed 2.5 million ration packets, or 44,000 MT, to IDPs. The large majority of IDPs receiving food assistance reside in economically and socially strained host communities.
Over 2,500 MT of assorted food commodities has been collected by community donation through the Food Bank in Azekhel, jointly established by WFP and the Emergency Response Unit.
WFP is currently setting up wheat grain mill operations in Lahore, Rwalpindi and Peshawar to meet IDP need for wheat flour. The operations are targeted to produce a minimum of 1,600 MT a day.
Gaps/challenges: Projects in the food sector of the Humanitarian Response Plan, which is based on a planning figure of 1.5 million IDPs, is currently only 46% resourced. At current stock levels, food distribution cannot be guaranteed beyond the end of the July. There will be serious breaks in the food pipeline for pulses, salt, sugar, high energy biscuits and ready-to-use supplementary food.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Need: Latrines, bathing spaces and water points are needed for the 2,000 unstructured spontaneous camps which house an estimated 100,000 people.
The mission of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is to mobilize and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors.
Response: Since the last report, there has been an increase from 4.2 to 4.6 million litres of safe drinking water provided daily to the 21 IDP camps.
So far, ICRC/MSF and UNICEF have constructed over 8,000 latrines, 4,000 of which are in newly established camps. Some 300 additional bathing spaces have been installed in new camps between 2 and 4 June. There are altogether 4,000 bathing places in all camps. The American Refugee Committee International (ARC) and MuslimAid are supporting WASH facilities in some of the spontaneous camps.
The cluster is increasing the number of WASH workers by almost 50 percent in all camps to promote hygiene and avoid outbreaks of diarrhea.
WASH cluster partners including Oxfam, started WASH interventions in 95 schools in the camps and distributed hygiene kits for IDPs within host communities in Mardan and Swabi districts. Activities will be expanded next week to include installing latrines, bathing places and solid waste management. UNICEF supported the rapid installation of WASH facilities to meet the needs of over 2,000 families in Yar Hussain camp in the last three days. Currently the cluster is installing facilities for 2,500 families in the two newly established camps of Sugar Mill and Larama.
Gaps/challenges: Hand pumps installed by various organizations in three new camps (Shiekh Yasin, Shiekh Shehzad and Jalala) are not dug deep enough, raising serious concerns about water quality and quantity.
Needs: WHO completed its assessment report on 94% of Swabi district's health facilities. The assessments were facilitated by the NWFP Health Department/PPHI (People's Primary Health Initiative) and identified the following needs: qualified and skilled health workers, especially female medical officers and female medical technicians; essential drugs and medical supplies; improved services for maternal, neonatal and child health, including obstetric heath care and safe delivery kits, ambulances for referral of patients to secondary health care facilities; safe drinking water, promotion of health education to improve hygiene practices, especially through the Lady Health Worker (LHW) Programme and water and sanitation facilities especially in IDP camps. Similar needs have been identified in the other districts.
Response: In coordination with local health authorities, the American Refugee Committee (ARC) International is working in Swabi to provide health services including medicines and supplies in four public health facilities. Two mobile medical units are also allowing IMC to provide healthcare services to 247 IDPs living with host communities in Swabi district. Two more mobile medical units serviced over 802 patients in Charsadda.
UNICEF, through its implementing partners, is providing 24/7 comprehensive primary health services in Sheikh Yaseen and Mazdoorabad camps in district Mardan while IMC is providing 24/7 comprehensive health coverage at Yar Hussain camp Swabi, and in the Palosa IDP camp in Charsadda, with the support of WHO. UNFPA continues to provide IDPs with comprehensive reproductive health services in camps as well as in existing health care facilities.
Gaps/challenges: Security concerns continue to make certain parts of the Malakand, Lower Dir and Buner districts inaccessible for aid workers to provide health services.
Needs: Specific needs of vulnerable people should to be addressed, such as separated children, orphans, widows, disabled people and the elderly. The Protection cluster is developing a list of vulnerabilities to ensure that people at risk are registered and their specific needs addressed. This list will be shared with other relevant clusters to establish referral mechanisms. Handicap International has finalized a quick assessment (camps and outside camps) on the situation of disabled people.
Response: UNHCR implementing partner, IRC, is running protection monitoring activities in Jalozai and Katcha Garhi camps.
The ICRC reinforced its tracing activities with 15 additional volunteers from the PRCS and three teams covering the camps. Tracing will help to identify separated people to reestablish family links and facilitate family reunion. In Jalozai, the ICRC is planning to set up 3 tents as tracing points. Since May, around 600 free phone calls have been facilitated.
Gaps/challenges: With the massive displacement of people, children in particular are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violence. Cluster members are also concerned about the presence of mines and unexploded ordinances (UXOs) in the affected areas of return. OCHA has been requested to facilitate the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) intervention to identify risk areas and remedial actions such as defusing or destroying devices. Mine risk awareness and education programs are also suggested.
Need: More partners are needed to expand nutritional services in Mardan due to the large numbers of IDPs living in host communities.
Response: Other organizations offering Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) services in Mardan include Merlin, which is working in 32 health facilities, the National Rural Support Programme and Save the Children.
A CMAM training course is currently taking place for 26 participants from 11 partner organizations (National Rural Support Programme, Save the Children, Johanniter, Relief International, Frontier Family Health Care, RAHBAR, Salik Foundation, Philanthrope, Community Development Organization, Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and Merlin).
Since the last situation report, an additional 2,500 children aged 6 to 59 months and 900 pregnant/lactating women (PLW) were screened to identify their nutrition needs. So far, a total of 38,618 children and 16,697 PLW have been screened in IDP camps and host communities in five districts (Mardan, Nowshera, Charsadda, Peshawar, Lower Dir).
During this reporting period, 220 Moderately Acute Malnourished (MAM) children in three new camps (Mazdurabad, Jalala, and Yar Hussain) were enrolled in the Supplementary Feeding Program. There is a total of 6,220 children enrolled to date. Another 45 severely malnourished children have now been registered in the Outpatient Therapeutic Programme (OTP), raising the total to 1,345.
Gaps/challenges: There is a lack of trained staff for the treatment of severely malnourished children in stabilization centres in Mardan and Swabi districts.
Needs: There is a need to increase the number of schools in camps to match the needs of the growing IDP population in camps.
Response: There has been a 20 percent increase in primary school enrolment and a 23 percent increase in middle/secondary schools in camps during the last three days. Some 10 additional primary schools have opened during the reporting period in four camps (Jalozai Phase 4, 7, 9, Palosa 2 and Mardan) for a total of 43 schools. There are currently 15,405 children enrolled in primary education and 1,968 in middle/secondary schools (of which 24.5 percent or 388 are girls.) The number of schools in host communities has increased from 72 to 83 resulting in a 15 percent increase in enrolment from 5,054 to 5,825 children (43 percent or 1,741 are girls) in five districts.
The Project Support Unit of the District Education Department reported the completion of 20 thatched sheds or shelters in Jalozai, Jalala, Shiekh Shehzad and Sheikh Yasin camps with another 13 to be built. The thatched sheds are cooler than schools and are locally made from straw, bamboo, mud and tarpaulin sheeting.
In Swat, the District Department of Education (DoE) reported that 60 percent of schools (122 of 204) are completely destroyed. DoE has plans to build temporary low cost shelters to replace these schools as soon as the area becomes accessible. In Buner, the District Department of Education has resumed operations and plans to conduct an initial assessment of damaged school facilities.
Gaps/challenges: There is a need to provide adequate water and toilet facilities in schools inside Jalozai (Phases 4, 6, 7, 8) and Sheikh Yasin camps. Textbooks for all grades, school bags, recreational materials and tarpaulin sheets are needed for students in schools in both camps and host communities.
Response: Currently, 28 humanitarian hubs are operating as interim storage and distribution facilities serving IDPs within the host community while another seven 7 distribution points are inside the camps. Among the 28 hubs, one has closed in Malakand due to security reasons. The Bajaur hub started food distribution on 4 June. The Logistics Cluster plans to establish new hubs in Mardan to meet the needs of the IDP population in host communities.
Gaps/challenges: Urgent funding is required to rehabilitate and augment the capacity of the logistic base in Pirpiai outside Peshawar. Through the logistics base, all humanitarian organizations will have access to distribution and long term storage facilities.
Needs: An early recovery needs assessment will begin 10 June 2009 on the resumption of social services in sectors including livelihood, education, health, agriculture, basic infrastructure and institutional capacity building. It will also identify early recovery needs of the IDP hosting communities. This project will be led by the NWFP Government with technical support from the UNDP-Bureau of Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) and other humanitarian agencies. The Multi Cluster Rapid Assessment Mission (McRAM) will assess host communities, including a rapid assessment for critical humanitarian needs planned for Buner on 9 June. An initial assessment of the area was completed by OCHA on 28 May.
Response: In parallel with ongoing relief efforts, the Early Recovery Network (ERN) is holding regular weekly meetings in Peshawar to develop early recovery assistance for IDPs in the Malakand division and parts of FATA. The ERN is responsible for coordinating UN agencies, national counter parts and NGOs to plan and implement early recovery interventions that can help build the basis for longer-term recovery, and to ensure that the humanitarian response links with recovery issues.
Gaps/challenges: The 23 early recovery proposals included in the Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan 2009 requires a total budget of $57.8 million, so far unfunded.
Mr. John Holmes, the Emergency Relief Coordinator, has designated Mr. Martin Mogwanja, UNICEF Resident Representative in Pakistan, as Humanitarian Coordinator. The appointment of a separate Humanitarian Coordinator in Pakistan will enhance the capacity to coordinate the complex ongoing humanitarian response involving more than 50 humanitarian organizations and Government partners. Mr. Fikret Akcura, the Resident Coordinator, will continue to lead the development side of UN efforts in Pakistan, especially the "Delivering as One" reform initiative as one of the eight global pilot projects.
The three response clusters led by UNICEF- Education, Nutrition and Water and Sanitation - all have separate cluster leads: Ms. Perseverando So for Education, Ms. Sarita Neupane for Nutrition and Ms. Asiya Ashraf Chaudhury for Water and Environmental Sanitation.
The clusters are in the process of completing the Who is doing What and Where (3W's) matrix to ensure better coordination and better planning between federal, provincial and district government departments as well as humanitarian agencies.
FLASH APPEAL - Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan (Revised) 2008-2009 (as of June 5, 2009)
Requested: $543 million
Funded: $136.5 million. 13% increase since the last situation report
Coverage: $25% 3% increase
Pledges: $15 million 23% increase
List of Commitments/contributions and
pledges to projects not listed in the Appeal:
$80 million funded; (41% increase since the last report); $3.3 million pledged (no increase)
On 4 June, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a US$22.4 million emergency appeal for cash, in kind or services to support the Pakistan Red Crescent Society assisting about 140,000 displaced people (20,000 families) in non-confrontation areas until the end of the year. Approximately 70,000 IDPs of the 140,000 will also receive early recovery support. For more information: http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?09/MDRPK003.pdf
Latest information on funds contributed and pledged towards the revised Humanitarian Response Plan is available on the Financial Tracking System (FTS) website at: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/fts.nsf/doc105?OpenForm&rc=3&cc=pak.
Other aid from humanitarian partners is also tracked through the FTS and is reliant on voluntary contributions of donors and recipient agencies. Please inform FTS of cash and in-kind contributions by sending an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
For further information please contact:
OCHA, Islamabad: Manuel Bessler, OCHA Head of Office Pakistan email@example.com - 0301-8542465
OCHA, Islamabad: Judith Szabo, Humanitarian Reports Officer firstname.lastname@example.org - 0300-850 2289
OCHA, New-York: Carlos Monteiro-Pereira, Chief ACAEME, Coordination Response Division (CRD), email@example.com, 1-212-317-5931
OCHA, New-York: Heidi Kuttab, Humanitarian Affairs Officer, Coordination Response Division (CRD). firstname.lastname@example.org, 1-917-367-3365
VII. For Reference
For more information on clusters and meeting minutes - http://188.8.131.52:35505/sites/UNPakistan/HC/default.aspx
To subscribe to these situation reports: send an email to: email@example.com
Situation reports can also be found on:
OCHA's Pakistan humanitarian website: www.unportal.un.org.pk
OCHA's Pakistan site for humanitarian information on complex emergencies and natural disasters http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc108?OpenForm&emid=AMMF-7HUDG8&rc=3
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.