Pakistan Monsoon Update 14 August 2011

Situation Overview

As per PMD active monsoon season in Pakistan in 2011 is likely to span two months: end June to August. Hazards that have occurred, with the exception of the ongoing situation in Sindh, can be termed as local emergencies in scale and response. These are dealt primarily by the local authorities with support at times from the Federal Government. They range from Flash Floods , Excessive Rains, Urban Flooding, Cloud Burst, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) occurrence and Tropical Cyclone Alert with an across the country imprint. Please refer to Map 1;

Pakistan Metrological Department has assessed that till end-July 2011, 10-20% above normal rainfall is recorded in upper regions of the country (KP, Gilgit Baltistan, AJK and Upper Punjab) whereas 60% and 40% below normal in Sindh and Balochistan, respectively. However, ongoing rains in Lower Sindh will address the water scarcity aspect; and

The inadequate repairs of 2010 Floods damaged protective and water distribution infrastructure is a major source of concern and numerous canal breaches are reported across Sindh. However, nearly most areas affected by the ongoing emergency situations were not ravaged by last year’s floods though vulnerabilities remain.

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