Pakistan, India - Earthquake: OCHA Situation Report No. 7

Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2005/0163
OCHA Situation Report No. 7
South Asia (Pakistan and India) - Earthquake


This report is based on the information provided by the UN Resident Coordinator's Office in Islamabad, Governments, agencies and donors in Pakistan.

General situation

1. According to Government estimates, over 22,288 deaths and 50,575 injured have been reported thus far in Pakistan, as a result of the South Asia earthquake of 8 October 2005. Up to four million people have been affected, of which about one million severely affected.

2. Access to the affected areas continues to be one of the major challenges of both search and rescue as well as relief operations. Traffic on most roads leading to the area is extremely heavy, chaotic, often interrupted and slow. Worsening weather conditions, rain and hailstorms, have threatened to further aggravate road conditions and have hampered operations in the quake-affected areas.

3. A UN survey of the Muzaffarabad area yesterday confirms reports of a city almost entirely destroyed, with scores of wounded cared for in the most rudimentary makeshift dispensaries. Army helicopters are evacuating the severely wounded.

4. The United Nations Inter-Agency Flash Appeal for the South Asia earthquake, launched yesterday in Geneva, was also launched in Islamabad today, by the UN Resident Coordinator and the Country Team.

National Response

5. The Government has deployed thousands more army troops to join the relief work, which has been gaining momentum. Relief goods have begun arriving in worst-hit Muzaffarabad and Balakot towns. The most severe casualties are being transferred by helicopter to Islamabad for treatment. In addition to the National Crisis Management Cell at the Cabinet Office, the Government has set up a Steering Committee for Recovery and Reconstruction consisting of the Ministries of Finance, Economic Affairs, Planning and Foreign Affairs, as well as the UN, the World Bank, ADB and a number of elected bilateral donors.

6. The Government is also moving to divisions of the Pakistan Army into the affected areas for relief and security and is in the process of setting up aid staging posts at Muzaffarabad, Bagh, Rawalkot, Mansehra and Balakot.

Immediate Needs

7. At present, the emergency needs indicated by the Government of Pakistan at the overall coordination meeting today are as follows:

- Winterised tents (20,000 for NWFP and 30,000 for Pakistan-administered Kashmir)

- Blankets (one million)

- Heating equipments

- Water purification tablets

- Medicine for typhoid and antibiotics

- High Energy biscuits or any similar high-energy food

- Disinfectant for bodies disposal

- Helicopters

Up to now, there are recorded commitments of some 100,000 blankets and 37,000 tents.

International Response

Search and Rescue Operations

8. Last arriving teams were being directed to most urgent locations. Eleven live rescues were performed on 10 October and four on 11 October by international SAR Teams. SAR Teams have been able to access more areas as roads become passable.


9. Nine cluster groups were formed for the preparation of the Flash Appeal and will remain constituted for the implementation of related activities. Cluster Focal Points have been nominated, and the cluster meetings are taking place with concerned partner UN agencies and NGOs as well as government representatives.

Emergency Shelter

10. International Organization for Migration (IOM) has taken the lead in the Emergency Shelter cluster and is cooperating with partner agencies. Meetings are taking place to ensure a coordinated approach in the implementation of the UN Flash Appeal. As of today, IOM will initiate daily deliveries of 300 tents and 600 blankets. Relief International has distributed 100 tents and 300 blankets in Balakot. Save the Children UK is distributing 20 metric tonnes of shelter material in Mansehra and will continue tent distribution for 7,500 beneficiaries. It is estimated that some 75-90% of people in Manshera are Internally Displaced Persons. A number of agencies are completing assessments. OCHA will disburse its Emergency Grant for the local purchase of tents and shelter materials.


11. The nutrition cluster team has been meeting to discuss the development of food distribution plans. Partner NGOs are supplying details of their geographic presence, management, and distribution and storage capacities. Mapping of district level NGO partners for channelling food and non-food aid will be undertaken. The World Food Programme (WFP) has delivered 39 MTs of High Energy Biscuits for Mansehra and 39 MTs for Muzaffarabad on 11 October (continuing today).


12. Assessments in Mansehra District hospital (122 beds) indicate severe damage and patients overload. Patients are being treated outside. Ministry of Health (MOH) has established a co-ordination cell. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has purchased medicines on the local market. In Muzaffarabad, MOH established a co-ordination cell. The two major hospitals are destroyed. Public health assessment is to urgently intensify. Surgical teams have been sent, as well as field hospitals. An Emergency Health Kit from Iran has been donated. Public health and surgical teams have been sent to the districts of the Pakistan-administered part of Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) for assessment. Priority needs include tents, drugs, generators, fuel and water.

13. In addition to field hospitals already deployed in Mansehra, Muzaffarabad and Bagh, a light field hospital from Belgium for treatment of casualties arrived today and will be deployed. A 15-person medical team from Estonia also arrived today and is being deployed. German and Russian medical teams were deployed yesterday.

Water and Sanitation

14. Sporadic situation assessments all seem to indicate widespread damage to water systems in the affected area. What little amount of water is available is mostly contaminated. No specific reports on sanitation have been received but it can be safely assumed that wherever shelter has been destroyed sanitation facilities are also destroyed. Several NGOs were on the ground, notably Islamic Relief in Pakistan-administered part of Kashmir and Mercy Corp in NWFP working through local NGOs.

15. Mercy Corps are planning to work in the Balakot area and have the capacity, through the local NGO, to reach some 400,000 people, but currently have limited funding. Oxfam is planning on working in a total of eight areas in three districts in conjunction with a local NGO. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has air freighted a total of 2,000 Norex filters from Karachi to NWFP. German Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW) is airlifting mobile units destined for Balakot. UNICEF has dispatched by truck from Karachi the following materials: 4,800 jerry cans, 385 x 70 litre containers for household water storage, 100 x 10 litre containers for household use, 3,600 bars of toilet soap and 3,975 bars of washing soap, due to arrive in NWFP by 12 October.


- One UNOPS -contracted helicopter (MI-8) was scheduled to land on Wednesday at Islamabad and is then scheduled to leave later in the day for selected areas to deliver MSF relief goods and teams.

- A second UNOPS-contracted helicopter scheduled to arrive on Thursday, 13 October, at 12h30 local time.

- WFP has contracted five helicopters thus far of which two arrived today and three are scheduled to arrive tomorrow. These will be managed by the UN Humanitarian Air Services (UNHAS).

- One IL - 76 has arrived at Islamabad airport with 40 MTs of relief goods from WHO/OCHA (including medical kits, tents and blankets).

- Boeing-747 has arrived at Islamabad airport with 80 MTs of WFP high energy biscuits.

- 4 x 15 tonnes WFP trucks are in Islamabad. They will be deployed to the airport for local transfer and handling purposes.

- 5 UNOPS double cab pick ups, fully MOSS compliant, will be arriving today from Afghanistan. They will be made available for the humanitarian community and managed by WFP.

- 1 UNOPS double cab pick up, also fully MOSS compliant, is to be left at the disposal of Air Operations in Islamabad.

Camp Management

16. Authorization/clarification to set up temporary camps is being sought from the Government for approximately 500,000 IDPs (estimated figure). Air reconnaissance in NWFP and Pakistan-administered part of Kashmir is being arranged to assess patterns of movements. A tendency to stay with relatives is likely, but limited transport is hampering movement.

17. An airlift of non-food items from Turkey and Jordan has been requested, to include 10,000 tents, 25,000 plastic sheeting, 500 plastic rolls, 200,000 blankets and 15,000 kitchen sets.


18. A UNICEF child protection and education assessment mission to Abbotabad has been dispatched on Tuesday to assess the Manshera and Batagram districts. One hundred and seventy four (174) children evacuated from Muzaffarabad are currently in the Pakistani Institute for Medical Science hospital in Islamabad, which expects to receive 500 more children shortly. The children will need shelter and care once they are released from the hospital. A Save the Children child protection and assessment mission is taking place today in Muzaffarabad. The protection cluster group meeting includes partner agencies concerned with education, and meetings on this sector have been planned accordingly.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

19. A number of agencies have begun to take steps to assess the most urgent and immediate reconstruction needs. ILO is assessing loss of livelihoods as restoration of employment opportunities is key to the overall recovery. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), working with the authorities, is assessing needs in the education sector.

General Information

20. The Latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service (

Further information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (

21. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at

22. OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at

MAP: South Asia (Pakistan, India): Earthquake - Situation map (PDF format, 602 KB)

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