Pakistan + 1 more

Pakistan, India - Earthquake: OCHA Situation Report No. 12

Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2005/0173
OCHA Situation Report No. 12
South Asia (Pakistan and India) - Earthquake

This report is based on the information provided by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator/Resident Coordinator's (UN HC/RC) Office in Islamabad, national authorities, agencies, NGOs and donors in Pakistan, as well as the UNRC's Office in New Delhi.



1. The death toll now stands at 40,000 with at least 65,000 injured. These figures are expected to rise as more destroyed villages are discovered daily and debris is being cleared.

2. The large number of injured continues to overwhelm current capacity. Many may not be treated in time resulting in further deaths and disabilities.

3. Whilst aid is beginning to gradually trickle through to the neediest accessible areas, adequate distribution systems for relief items are not yet fully in place. There is a need to mobilize implementing partners.

4. Logistics and access continue to represent the biggest challenge of this relief operation. The need for helicopters remains the most urgent priority.

5. The weather conditions have improved throughout the night and relief flights have been able to resume. While helicopters remain the most efficient means of transportation of relief items, some agencies have also been resorting to using donkeys and mules to deliver supplies to the most inaccessible villages in a vast mountainous area.

6. Shelter needs remain critical. The exact estimates are ongoing but thousands more tents are required.

7. Food rations have been sufficient to cover dietary needs for only several days and an estimated 50-60 % of the food insecure population are yet to be reached.

8. UNICEF estimates that approximately 140,000 primary and secondary schools have been destroyed.

9. Currently, the confirmed contributions towards the appeal stand at USD 6,121,527. The Appeal is therefore only 2% funded. In addition, invaluable in-kind donations have been made. It is critical that announced pledges be confirmed as quickly as possible.


Latest developments /Achievements

10. More humanitarian personnel are being deployed to the affected areas daily and local coordination structures are improving, although information sharing on national efforts and distribution needs to be strengthened.

11. As hubs are being established, operational cluster coordination is increasingly taking place at field level. Cluster Focal Points coordination is moving from the information exchange stage to strategic coordination and contingency planning.

12. The Muzaffarabad hub is being strengthened today with the establishment of a base camp to house 60 UN staff. Similar modules are being deployed to Mansehra and Bagh within the next 48 hours.

13. The Rapid Village Assessment process has been launched by the HIC. It is intended to provide all humanitarian actors with an immediate, multi-sectoral overview of conditions and needs in the earthquake-affected areas of Pakistan.

Emergency Shelter Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

14. Shelter needs remain critical. The exact estimates are ongoing but thousands more tents are required. It is roughly estimated that 350,000 tents are needed.

15. At this stage, approximately 20,000 tents have already been distributed and between 120,000-150,000 are currently in the pipeline. In addition, the Government has supplied some 100,000 tents to-date and private and bilateral donors are pledging additional quantities.

16. While provision of temporary, winterised shelters is the topmost priority, technical assistance and tools will be provided to rebuild houses whenever possible. Close links with camp management cluster are being established.

17. Common shelter standards are being developed among partners. All individual donors are urged to notify all purchased and donated blankets to ensure adequate tracking.


18. The lack of shelter (tents and blankets) and warm clothes for the affected population as well as the health workers requires most urgent attention to avoid further health problems. Sleeping bags that can be vacuum packed offer a warmer and less voluminous alternative to blankets.

Water and Sanitation Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

19. Implementation and delivery is improving but is still not adequate. Airlifts of WATSAN materials continue and distribution of supplies is slowly gathering pace.

20. CARE international, Intersos, Tearfund, Alisei, International Medical Committee, American Rescue Committee, JEN, ACTED and Merlin are participating in assessments and coordination activities.

21. Two treatment plants have been installed by THW in Muzaffarabad and Balakot and are producing a total of 250,000 litres a day, supplying 17,000 people, with IFRC bringing two more treatment plants destined for Balakot and Batagram. The Government, assisted by UNICEF, is transporting 4 treatment plants to Muzaffarabad. UNICEF field offices in Mansehra and Muzaffarabad have been established.

Logistics Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

22. No helicopter flights were possible today between Islamabad and Muzaffabad, interrupting the flow of relief materials into the disaster area. Evacuation flights of injured people and relief distribution were also affected.

23. Two of the six helipads in Muzaffabad are out of use following an accident, threatening to limit the capacity of the heliport once the bad weather lifts. Within a month, heavy snows will limit helicopter use. Reopening roads is a slow and difficult process.

24. UNJLC have now established a Coordination Cell at the Chaklala airport at Islamabad which, as of Monday morning, is reportedly clogged-up with incoming relief items.


25. Logistics and access continue to represent the biggest challenges of this relief operation. The need for helicopters remains the most urgent priority. There are an estimated 60 helicopters operational and another 19 in the pipeline.

Health Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

26. The number of field hospitals with adequate operating theatres is increasing (approximately 100 operations per day), improving the survival chances for the injured that require urgent surgery. WHO is supporting the MOH in the mobilization of 40 teams of surgeons and public health/environmental specialists. In addition, 40 national public health experts have been recruited to travel to the affected regions next Monday.

27. Three vaccination centres and mobile teams have been established in Muzaffarabad WHO hubs in Muzaffarabad and Mansehra will be functioning today. Four warehouses in Mansehra and five in Muzaffarabad will be established with cold chain facilities. WHO set up a website to facilitate information exchange between all health partners at


28. The large number of wounded is still overwhelming. Hundreds of injured queue on a daily basis to be evacuated by helicopter from Muzaffarabad.

29. Due to the harsh geographical characteristics of areas affected, it is difficult to find adequate locations for setting up field hospitals and camps. Reports of gangrene and hypothermia continue. Although there are no reports of outbreaks of epidemics at this stage, the lack of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities risks are creating major health threats such as diarrhoea, typhoid and other waterborne diseases, which can only be prevented by providing sufficient quantities of safe drinking water.

30. Generators are needed urgently to ensure the cold chain system for vaccines.

31. It is critical to start establishing temporary health centres as soon as possible for delivering essential basic health services and preventive interventions. Teams of doctors, nurses and counsellors, mobilized from other regions, will need to be moved to the more rural parts of the affected provinces.

32. Setting up of health supporting facilities such as blood banks and basic laboratories should be planned.

Food and Nutrition Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

33. Preliminary data confirm that an estimated 439,000 persons have received food rations. However, rations are sufficient to cover dietary needs for only several days and an estimated 50-60 % of the food insecure population are yet to be reached.

34. Agencies are rapidly compiling data on the number and location of persons facing food insecurity in the aftermath of the earthquake. Air reconnaissance will be undertaken to supplement data from field assessments and to facilitate targeting.

35. The coverage and food intake is expected to improve over the next few days with the arrival of additional trucks and helicopters, which will enable food pre-positioning and shuttling to presently inaccessible areas. WFP is now using mules and packhorses to circumvent landslides in northern Muzaffarabad and relying on direct community implementation, wherever possible.

Camp Management Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

36. Population movements are being monitored to determine the need for camps. The area assessment identified some estimated 60 suitable/potential camp locations, which are presently under discussion.

Protection Cluster (women and children)

Latest developments /Achievements

37. The Government issued a decision that all adoptions of orphaned children are to be put on hold.

38. The UNICEF Child Protection Officer who is to be stationed in Muzaffarabad, began his assessment today. ICRC has a presence in Muzaffarabad. Save the Children is establishing a presence in Batagram.

39. The first Child Protection Cluster meeting will be held in Muzaffarabad.


40. Due to the large numbers of separated families, the fate of unaccompanied children is of concern. A system for registration of children and tracing of families need to be established urgently.

Education Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

41. UNICEF estimates that approx 140,000 primary and secondary schools have been destroyed. Schools-in-a-box have been supplied to 8,000 children.

IT Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

42. The GSM connectivity is being re-established in many cities of the affected area. The system will be part of the country-wide mobile network in Pakistan and thus available to everybody with a subscription. As VSATS systems are being installed in the vicinity of the humanitarian hubs, connectivity of the humanitarian community is expected to improve. The VHF security communication repeater is operational in Muzaffarabad.

Reconstruction Cluster

Latest developments /Achievements

43. UNDP, agencies together with the Government will conduct an early recovery assessment at the end of next week.

44. A Senior Recovery Advisor has been deployed.

India - Jammu and Kashmir


45. Official reports confirm the death of 1,300 persons and 7,510 injuries. Damage assessment state 37,607 houses and buildings. There has been slight deterioration in the weather conditions in the State because of a decline in temperature and scattered rains in parts of Jammu and Kashmir including in Uri and Tangdhar areas.


46. The Indian Government has not requested international assistance.

47. Army and Air Force personnel have rescued 1,165 people Baramulah, Tangdar and Uri. 6,195 injured persons have been treated at field hospitals.

48. State administration has mobilized 5,953 small tents, 50 medium sized tents and 8 big tents. In addition, 4,504 tents have been airlifted and 625 tents are to be sent.

49. In addition to the INR 1 billion (approximately USD 23.14 million) for immediate relief work, the Government announced that a package of central relief of INR 5 billion (approximately USD 115.69 million) for rehabilitation work. This is in addition to INR 142 billion relief, which has already been sanctioned the Government.

50. UNDMT organized information sharing meeting on 14 October to discuss on going efforts carried out by UN agencies and NGOs in the affected areas. UNICEF has sent a team to Srinagar to assess immediate requirements in sectors covering health, education, nutrition, water/sanitation and psychometrical/child protection. ILO would be extending support in addressing issues related to livelihood and training. WFP has offered 100 M tons of high-nutritious biscuits. UNDP offered HR support to strengthen the coordination mechanism.


51. All detailed cluster information (meeting minutes, assessments, contact information etc.) is being posted on

52. The latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service ( information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (

53. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at

54. OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at

Tel.: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23

In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

Desk Officers:

Ms. Merete Johansson, direct Tel. +41-22-9171694
Ms. Masayo Kondo, direct Tel. +41-22-917 1997
Ms. Kirsten Gelsdorf, direct Tel. +41-22 917 1843

Press contact:

(GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 2653
(N.Y.) Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. + 1-917 367 5126


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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