Pakistan + 1 more

Pakistan, India - Earthquake: OCHA Situation Report No. 10

Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2005/0171

OCHA Situation Report No. 10
South Asia (Pakistan and India) - Earthquake

This report is based on the information provided by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator/Resident Coordinator's (UN HC/RC) Office in Islamabad, national authorities, agencies, NGOs and donors in Pakistan, as well as the UNRC's Office in New Delhi.

Pakistan

SITUATION OVERVIEW

1. Official casualty estimates have risen dramatically overnight and today's death toll is 38,000, with over 65,000 injured, and an estimated 3.3 million who have lost their homes.

2. There are now over 100 international and national relief organizations delivering relief inside Pakistan. Substantial relief supplies are being received, but heavy rains over the last 24 hours are hampering emergency operations.

3. The most critical challenge at this stage is the logistics of delivering winterised shelter material to inaccessible areas. Helicopters, tents, ground sheeting, blankets, and medical care remain the most crucial requirements.

4. Relief organizations are challenged with trying to reach hundreds of thousands of survivors, in desperate conditions, scattered in some 2,000 remote villages and settlements in mountainous areas.

5. There are critical concerns that the lack of treatment for many of the 65,000 injured, combined with shortage of water and sanitation facilities will increase fatalities.

6. Given the increasing number of aid agencies, the Government is nominating counterparts within all line Ministries and the Army to ensure a fully integrated and coordinated response between national and international relief actors.

7. Aid agencies are reminded to respect and participate in current coordination arrangements. Currently, all agencies should report aid deliveries to emergencyresponse@un.org.pk. Additional instructions will be announced.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

Coordination

Latest Developments/Achievements

8. The current deployment of the UNDAC team is at the following locations: Islamabad Airport Reception Centre - functional untill Sunday, 16 October, thereafter its functions will be handed over to UNJLC; UN Emergency Centre, Islamabad; and On Site Operations Coordination Centre, Muzaffarabad.

9. In view of the projected establishment of UN offices/Humanitarian hubs at five locations in NWFP and Pakistan Administered part of Kashmir, a small UNDAC team will be deployed at Mansehra on Sunday 17 October, and another team is projected to be deployed to Bagh soonest. OCHA is also strengthening its presence in Muzaffarabad, Islamabad, and Mansehra to facilitate coordination.

Challenges

10. Cluster Groups agreed that the critical priority at this stage was to ascertain which areas have not been reached by relief assistance as yet. As the number of affected villages and settlements is unknown but thought to be very high, all clusters will urgently compile lists of known locations and these will be shared with the government.

Emergency Shelter

Latest Developments/Achievements

11. 15,000 tents have been delivered as of 15 October. An estimated additional 67,000 tents are in the pipeline.

12. Mapping of activities by different shelter partners is ongoing. This will ensure adequate geographical division of emergency shelter responsibilities Joint assessments have also been planned and will begin on Monday.

13. IOM has 15 trucks on standby and partners can use them to deliver their goods but they have to confirm the monitoring of delivery.

Challenges

14. There are difficulties in the monitoring and organized delivery of tents and non-food items (NFI). Especially in remote areas, where helicopters are unable to land and goods must be air-dropped. Government/army counterparts are urgently required in supporting the distribution of goods on the ground.

15. There is an overwhelming need for ground sheeting and tents. A large number of people are still living in the open without any shelter or warm clothing.

16. There are continued procurement shortages.

Camp Management

Latest Developments/Achievements

17. Major General Farooq Ahmed Khan, the Federal Emergency Relief Commissioner, has given permission and requested the UN cluster system to set up a camp area outside Muzaffarabad to provide emergency shelter and comprehensive aid for a temporary period of up to 6 months. The Government will provide assistance in identifying location and with camp security. The UN and its implementing partners will be responsible for all other Clusters such as Health, Camp Management, Water/Sanitation, Protection and Logistics.

18. An aerial assessment will be conducted of Muzaffarabad and its outskirts by helicopter on Sunday, by UNHCR, Concern, Oxfam and ARC to assess the most appropriate site for the camp. An initial 300 tents will be taken along.

19. UNHCR expects to receive the following items in the next few days: 10,000 tents, 25,000 plastic sheets, 500 plastic rolls, 200,000 blankets 2,000 kerosene stoves, 5,000 lanterns, 50,000 jerry cans and 15,000 kitchen sets. UNHCR has already distributed 2, 400 winterised tents. NRC is to confirm delivery of 15,000 tents.

Challenges

20. UNHCR urgently requires implementing partners (multi-sectoral, specializing in specific areas). There is also need for all NGOs to provide recommendations, guidance and assistance on the numerous facets of restoring the lives of the affected in the camps.

21. There is a need for more identification and recruitment of site planners (both local and int'l with experience camp set ups), engineers, warehousing personnel.

22. Immediate efforts must begin to concentrate on providing shelter and to provide comprehensive emergency assistance in local areas to avoid large influx into camps and cities. A Government and a military representative should be included in discussions for synchronization of activities.

Water and Sanitation

Latest Developments/Achievements

23. UNICEF has established two field offices in Mansehra and Muzaffarabad with WATSAN coordination capacity. ACF, MSF Holland, Concern and Global Partners have all joined the cluster.

24. Assessments by CRS, NCA, and Global Partners are currently ongoing and Mercy Corps has recently completed one whose results will soon be available.

25. Airfreights of materials are beginning to arrive with three flights today; more are expected during the weekend. Distribution of WATSAN materials will begin/continue in Mansehra, Muzaffarabad, Shangla. At least two mobile treatment plants will be dispatched to the field (THW).

Challenges

26. No WATSAN materials appear to be available in the local market at the present.

27. Implementation of WATSAN projects is slowly improving but still not anywhere near the scale required.

Logistics

Latest Developments/Achievements

28. The UN is in the process of establishing a firm operational picture of what helicopter assets are in-country and how they are being utilized through the UNJLC. Efforts continue to expeditiously source additional helicopters through established procedures with Member States.

Health

Latest Developments/Achievements

29.The Government plans to establish a 200 bed hospital at Islamabad airport.

30. WHO assessment informs that the Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS) in Muzaffarabad is a working hospital. The Turkish government has 14 doctors and 14 paramedics working there. WHO is setting up a management system for medicines and medical supplies. Essential drug lists and donor guidelines are available and should be consulted by all donors.

31. USAID has donated 10 New Emergency Health Kits, to be distributed by WHO as soon as possible. Merlin is requesting to set up a field hospital in Panjkot valley. The Punjab medical school team, with 7 surgeons and 4 paramedics already has a health facility in place, where an estimated 11-12,000 people are awaiting surgery.

32. Doctors Worldwide has been treating 2,100 patients in Muzaffarabad since last Monday. An assessment will be carried out in Dhanni today. Saturday Doctors Worldwide will send 3 doctors to two camps run by Muslim Hands in Rawalakot and Abbottabad, and another three we doctors to a camp run by Muslim Aid in Balakot.

33. IFRC is supplying mass water and Emergency Response Units in Batagram and Balakot since last night. IFRC will be setting up a base camp in Mansehra and wishes to set up another field hospital. Also, IFRC will be distributing 5 New Emergency Health Kits.

34. WHO will be disseminating health messages through local radio stations to convince the local population that dead bodies do not transmit diseases, as is still strongly believed. WHO is publishing a large advertisement in the local newspapers as of tomorrow to appeal for a large number of national public health officers to be recruited.

Challenges

35. Mobile teams are reporting infected wounds and gangrene as well as Acute Respiratory Infections, due to the weather becoming colder every day.

36. Lack of clean drinking water is hampering effective treatment of cases in the hospitals. The chemicals used for spraying the dead bodies, to ease the odor, forms a health risk to the quality of the drinking water. Lack of food may become a major health problem if not addressed.

37. The transport of water bladders to the affected hospitals is a priority activity and the need for mobile operation theatres is still in effect.

38. The Abbottabad hospital is overloaded with patients. There is an immediate need to accommodate people in camps near the hospital.

Protection (Women and Children)

Latest Developments/Achievements

39. UNICEF Representative met with the Minister of Social Welfare and Special Education yesterday. The Ministry will deploy professional staff and welfare officer to Muzaffarabad and in Mansehra to coordinate with UNICEF and other UN agencies the emergency response for children and women. The Ministry representative will-chair the Protection Cluster together with UNICEF.

40. ICRC tracing teams have visited four hospitals in Islamabad and re-established contacts between injured people and their families. The team has already reunited two children with their families.

41. Save the Children Alliance will send a team of 18-20 people for education and child protection assessment in Pakistani Administered part of Kashmir over the weekend. The TORs were shared with the members of the protection cluster for feedback.

The UNICEF protection assessment in Mansehra, Batagram and Balakot continue.

Challenges

42. There are reports that Muzaffarabad continues to be in dire need of more relief efforts. A number of survivors outside the city are not being reached.

43. It has been reported that people who have managed to come to Islamabad/Rawalpindi to seek medical care have no place to stay, and no means to go back. Children could be subject to exploitation, have no relatives and/or are not capable of informing about them. Considerable difficulties are being faced tracing them back to their parents. Often, women and children who are being discharged have nowhere to go.

44. Sphere standards to be understood and followed by all partners.

Food and Nutrition

Latest Developments/Achievements

45. Dispatch and distribution of high energy biscuits (HEB) among survivors of the earthquake victims is continuing in areas of Mansehra and Muzaffarabad region. 30 tons of HEB has been distributed in the Muzafarabad city and 20 in Mansehra.

46. NGOs reported relief food and supplies been distributed by individuals and communities. Local procurement of food commodities is progressing.

Challenges

47. NGOs share the common concern that food and relief goods only reach areas such as Muzaffarabad city, whereas many remote villages are left destitute.

48. Continued assessments are needed in the nutrition situation.

49. All NGOs should coordinate and work in collaboration for efficient relief efforts and also assess the nutritional requirements of the affected population. Membership of the cluster has increased to 11. Mapping of areas for NGOs should be completed soonest. Affected areas should be divided in 4 to 5 manageable divisions for relief work.

Information and Telecommunications

Latest Developments/Achievements

50. A frequency working group has been established to work out new frequency list. Assessments are also ongoing.

Challenge

56. There is a lack of funding.

Education Cluster

Latest Developments/Achievements

57. The Department of Education, NWFP reports from Shangla, Batagram and Mansehra districts that all schools have been affected by the earthquake and the vast majority are estimated to be damaged beyond repair.

58. Assessment missions are ongoing in Muzaffarabad and Bagh. Rapid assessment reports from Batagram, Mansehra and Balakot areas are expected by the end of the day tomorrow. Ministry of Education has nominated a co-chair for the Education Cluster, the Joint Education Adviser, heading the planning wing of MOE.

India - Jammu and Kashmir

Situation

59. As of 15 October, 1,297 casualties have been reported by the Government. Over 32,000 buildings are reported to have been damaged.

60. A series of three aftershocks since early Saturday have produced panic. Since the main earthquake on 8 October, 41 major aftershocks of magnitudes above 5.0 on the Richter scale have occurred.

61. The most urgent needs for survivors have been reported as tents, blankets, warm clothing, water containers, kitchen utensils, hygiene kits, stoves, and kerosene.

National Response

62. The Indian Government has not requested international assistance.

63. The army is trying to restore links with remote villages in the worst affected areas.

GENERAL INFORMATION

64. All detailed cluster information (meeting minutes, assessments, contact information etc.) is being posted on www.un.org.pk.

65. The latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service (http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/reportlist.asp?section=CE&record_ID=688). Further information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc105?OpenForm&rc=3&emid=EQ-2005-000174-PAK).

66. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at http://www.un.org.pk/earthquake05/

67.OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int.

MAP: South Asia (Pakistan, India): Earthquake - Situation map (PDF format, 1,422 KB)

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