Pakistan

Pakistan Humanitarian Update No. 5

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Situation Report
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This Humanitarian Update covers the period from 26 November to 9 December 2009. The next Update will be issued in the first week of January 2010.

HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- More than 40,000 civilians have fled the military operations in Orakzai Agency and are in need of humanitarian assistance.

- Two registration points in D.I. Khan were closed during the reporting period.

- Jalozai Camp needs additional land, schools and shelter to cater for the relocated population from Kacha Garhi.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Orakzai Agency:

In the wake of the military operations in South Waziristan, some of the militants are reported to have moved North to Orakzai Agency, prompting military operations there. An Inter-Cluster mission to Kohat District found that according to district authorities, around 2,400 families (approx. 40,000 individuals) have fled to the neighbouring districts of Hangu and Kohat. The local authorities said that an additional 10,000 families were at risk of being displaced from Orakzai. So far, no formal registration has taken place but discussions are currently ongoing to start formal registration for the internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Orakzai next week.

Authorities in the neighbouring district of Hangu have pitched 80 tents at a high-school near Hangu City, however, so far only eight families have moved to the camp. Like with previous displacements, the majority of the IDPs are staying with host families.

As the current campsite is not suitable to host more IDPs, the former Afghan refugee camp at Kotki (about 7km outside Hangu City) is being assessed as a possible site for Orakzai IDPs. Even though there are still Afghan refugees in the camp, there is enough space for the new IDPs.

The local authorities in the two hosting districts are currently distributing food parcels and tents to Orakzai IDPs. As more IDPs are expected to reach the hosting districts, there is a need for the humanitarian community to support the distribution of food, non-food items (NFIs) and emergency shelter.

South Waziristan:

The influx of civilians fleeing the military operations in South Waziristan has slowed down significantly in the past few weeks. As of 3 December, around 59,000 families (approx. 430,000 individuals) were registered in the two hosting districts of D.I. Khan and Tank; 36,787 families (approx. 260,000 individuals) of which have been verified by the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA). According to NADRA, 17,546 families (approx. 128,000 individuals) were not eligible for IDP status due to multiple registrations, the validity of their ID cards or their places of origin. Two registration centres have been closed in D.I. Khan, which leaves one registration point in D.I. Khan and one in Tank. So far, the Government has distributed more than 20,000 cash cards to verified IDPs.

Security: The overall security situation in the conflict-affected areas in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) remains a major challenge, especially in D.I. Khan and Tank, where only a small number of local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are able to assist the IDPs from South Waziristan. In order to provide these IDPs with urgently needed assistance, the humanitarian community has to be granted safe and continuous access to the hosting and conflict-affected areas.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.