U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
BACKGROUND AND KEY DEVELOPMENTS
- From July through early August 2008, monsoon rains and related flooding affected populations throughout Pakistan, killing 40 individuals and affecting an estimated 241,000 others, including approximately 175,000 people displaced from communities in North-West Frontier Province (NWFP). Floods also damaged or destroyed an estimated 12,000 houses, in addition to infrastructure, crops, and agricultural land.
- At 0400 hours local time on October 29, 2008, a magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck 80 miles northeast of Quetta city in Baluchistan Province. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the earthquake was followed by 47 aftershocks, registering magnitude 3.5 or greater. According to the Government of Pakistan (GoP) National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), tremors caused 166 deaths and 357 injuries, damaged or destroyed nearly 10,000 houses, and affected approximately 68,200 people, primarily in Ziarat and Pishin districts, Baluchistan Province.
- Between August 2008 and September 2009, conflict between the GoP and militants in Bajaur and Mohmand agencies in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and Swat, Buner, and Lower Dir districts in NWFP resulted in widespread population displacement and insecurity. Following military operations and intensified conflict, the majority of internally displaced persons fled to host communities in NWFP, with a minority moving into organized camps. To date, the GoP National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) has verified approximately 2.7 million conflict-displaced individuals from NWFP and FATA, in addition to at least 77,000 displaced people from South Waziristan Agency, FATA, and an unknown number of individuals recently displaced from Khyber Agency, FATA. In mid-July 2009, humanitarian agencies began to record large-scale population returns to areas of origin in NWFP, specifically Swat and Buner districts, with the majority of displaced families returning to the districts by early September. Although returns to FATA have also occurred, population movements to the area have been more limited due to insecurity and property damage.
- In FY 2009, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $279 million in humanitarian assistance for flood, earthquake, and conflict-affected populations in Pakistan. In addition to emergency-related funding, USAID/OFDA also continues to support a disaster preparedness and mitigation program in Pakistan designed to increase local capacity by providing training to disaster response and rescue professionals.
NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
|Floods||241,000 affected, 40 dead||GoP - August 2008|
|Earthquake||68,200 affected, 166 dead,
|NDMA - November 2008|
|Complex Emergency||2.78 million displaced||GoP SSG - September 2009|
HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED IN FY 2009
USAID/OFDA Assistance for Floods:
USAID/OFDA Assistance for the Earthquake: $2,383,367
USAID/OFDA Assistance for the Complex Emergency: $102,776,403
USAID/FFP Assistance for the Complex Emergency: $58,000,000
USAID/Pakistan Assistance the Complex Emergency: $8,913,631
State/PRM Assistance for the Complex Emergency: $59,600,000
USDA Assistance for the Complex Emergency: $44,000,000
DoD Assistance for the Complex Emergency: $3,000,000
Total USG Humanitarian Assistance to Pakistan: $279,347,783