Pakistan

Pakistan: Floods/Cyclone OCHA Situation Report No. 21

This situation report is based on information received from the United Nations Resident Coordinator's Office in Pakistan, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Pakistan Meteorological Department, Clusters, and media sources.

OVERVIEW

Sindh and Balochistan

1. The NDMA reports the total death toll from the June floods/cyclone is 330 (203 in Balochistan and 163 in Sindh) with 224 persons missing as of 13 August, including casualties from the storm that hit southern Sindh province on 9-10 August.

2. There was growing concern during the reporting period that the heavy monsoon rains that hit the coastal areas in southern Sindh province on 9-10 August would impact on the communities already affected by the June floods/cylone. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reported 32 deaths (as at 13 August) in storm-related incidents in southern Sindh. Severe weather forced the provincial government to declare a state of emergency in Karachi hospitals as most parts of the city were flooded. The Sindh government also issued a high alert to all District Coordination Officers (DCOs). Sindh Chief Minister directed all district governments and the irrigation department to monitor breaches and canals in the province. Laiqatabad and Liyari were the worst affected Union Councils in Karachi due to poor drainage systems.

3. IOM Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) monitoring IDP camps reported that the storm's strong winds have blown away the plastic sheeting and uprooted temporary shelters in 8 camps accommodating 250 families in Tehsil Johi, Dadu district. Food, shelter and drinking water remain an urgent need for the affected population. In Kamber, the IOM RRTs report that 830 families living along roadsides have lost their food rations in the storm. Tarpaulin sheets from pit latrines were also blown away.

4. On 11 August, approximately 8,200 people in 16 villages in Badin district, Sindh, were inundated by floodwater due to the excessive rains. According to a local NGO, the Badin Rural Development Society (BRDS), the affected population lacks shelter, food and drinking water and does not have access to link roads. BRDS also reported that 4 villages were completely under water and crops destroyed.

HIGHLIGHTS

- Some 32 deaths were reported in Sindh province as monsoon storms cause damage and widespread flooding in Karachi and nearby districts of Badin and Dadu on 9-10 August.

- The UN Resident Coordinator visits flood-affected Dadu and Kamber districts in Sindh province.

- A Humanitarian Coordination hub is set up in Karachi, Sindh.

- The OCHA's relief shipment, on behalf of Governments of Norway and Ireland, arrived in Karachi on 11 August.

- The UN Flash Appeal remains under-funded.

5. The UN Resident Coordinator visited Karachi and the flood-affected district of Kamber in Sindh between 8-10 August where he witnessed hundreds of families camped in make-shift settlements along roadsides. Some families reported that they had only received one food ration in 6 weeks.

6. The main access road into Jhal Magsi district, Balochistan, was blocked for 48 hours due to damage caused by the recent storm.

NATIONAL RESPONSE

7. The PDMA (Provincial Disaster Management Authority) in Balochistan reports that 24,220 households, out of the 36,724 identified, have each received cash grants of Rs 15,000 (approximately US$ 250) from the Presidential Fund. A total of Rs 363 million (approximately US$6m) have been disbursed so far. Compensation distribution has not started in 2 districts: Quetta and Pishin.

8. In addition to this initial compensation from the President's Fund, the Government of Balochistan has issued instructions for the disbursement of government grants under the West Pakistan Natural Calamities (Prevention and Relief) Act, 1958. This came into effect on 1 June 2007.

9. In Kamber district, 4,850 households, of the 33,249 identified in this district, have received cash grants.

FLASH APPEAL AND INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

10. The UN Flash Appeal of $US38 million launched on 18 July, has received less than one-fifth with only US$7.7 million in firm contributions and a further US$3 million as pledges. Out of the US$ 7.7 million, US$4.4 million was received from CERF funding. Some Clusters may have to wind down early due to the lack of funding and few implementing partners and projects.

11. A shipment of relief items, sent by OCHA on behalf of the Government of Norway and Irish Aid (for the Government of Ireland) to the Government of Pakistan, arrived in Karachi on 11 August. The shipment includes tents, emergency drinking water kits, water purification units, water storage tanks, blankets and mosquito nets. The items are being dispatched by NDMA to the flood-affected communities in Sindh.

COORDINATION

12. A humanitarian coordination hub has been established in Karachi, Sindh with clusters headed by provincial authority representatives. Health, Nutrition and Education Clusters meetings have been organised so far and were chaired by the local authorities. Two General Coordination Meetings have convened since 1 August in Karachi with good I/NGO participation. Coordination mechanisms in Quetta, Balochistan, are working effectively and are mostly led by local authorities.

Cluster Activities

Camp Management Cluster

13. According to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster, there are 11 formal sites (0 in Sindh; 11 in Balochistan), 93 collectives centres (87 in Sindh; 6 in Balochistan), and 60 spontaneous settlements (33 in Sindh and 27 in Balochistan). IOM Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) are carrying out assessments to verify the number of sites, locations and population. Four RRTs have carried out assessment missions in 11 districts (9 in Balochistan and 2 in Sindh) of the 19 affected districts. The RRTs are deployed to assess needs, monitor and report on the provision of services and assist in the distribution of relief items. Families living in spontaneous settlements have been identified as the priority for immediate assistance.

14. The NDMA has prioritized north-western Sindh and eastern Balochistan for the distribution of IOM relief items. IOM, through its implementing partner, is delivering 80,000 litres of drinking water daily and has, to date, distributed 7,500 hygiene kits, 7,500 cooking sets and 10,000 jerry cans to 7,500 displaced families.

Shelter Cluster

15. As of 6 August, some 74,600 tents have been delivered in Sindh and Balochistan: 54,960 by the Government/NDMA, 10,523 by UN agencies and I/NGOs, and 9,160 by PRCS/IFRC. Approximately 19,000 additional emergency shelter kits, reusable for reconstruction, are confirmed for distribution. Some 100,000 tents will have been distributed by end of August, i.e., two months after the onset of the crisis. Of these 20% will have come from Cluster partners , and the remainder from the Government.

16. At least 30 (out of 450) of the worst-affected Union Councils in Balochistan have received less than 10% of shelter needs to date, with some having received none due to lack of road access and logistics challenges. The situation is similar in some parts of Sindh, notably Dadu district.

17. Only 5 Cluster partners have funds to continue their shelter-related projects, although all are requesting further funds (US$8.6) as tents are considered inadequate for transitional use on return. The IFRC has had to reduce its distribution target by 50% (from 18,000 to 9,000 families) due to lack of funds.

18. Fourteen Cluster partners have been active in Balochistan and Sindh provinces with emergency shelter programmes embedded within their wider relief efforts.

Health Cluster

19. WHO reports no confirmed cases of malaria and dengue, although there is increasing concern that the mosquito population may increase because of the large areas of stagnant water. As of 13 August, the government's Malaria Control Programme had distributed 20,300 bed-nets, 30,000 Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) kits, 4 fogger machines, and 500,000 health education leaflets to the flood-affected districts of Balochistan.

20. The Director-Generals for health of Sindh and Balochistan report that 186 out of 592 (or 31%) of health facilities have been affected by the floods in Balochistan and 17 out of 150 (or 11%) in Sindh.

21. Mercy Corps will provide doctors, paramedics and drugs to Jhal Magsi, Nasirabad and Jaffarabad to support selected health facilities for 3 months.

Water and Sanitation Cluster

22. The estimated population in need of water trucking is 240,000 (180,000 in Balochistan and 60,000 in Sindh). Over 300,000 litres of potable water has been procured and distributed to displaced populations. Potable water is reaching 180,000 people (130,000 in Balchistan and 50,000 in Sindh).

23. The Government is focusing on ground water schemes. UNICEF, Public Health Engineering Departments (PHED) and partner agencies are working to restore drinking water systems and wells that have been damaged or contaminated due to flooding for 726,000 affected people. Water supplies have been restored for about 300,000 people to date. Of the 424 water supply systems in Balochistan, PHED and UNICEF have fully restored 192 and partially restored 141. Of the 91 remaining, 50 will be restored by the end of August.

24. UNICEF is supporting 3 teams from the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) to monitor water quality in 7 districts of Balochistan and 2 districts of Sindh.

25. As of 8 August, 9,500 people have benefited from the construction of 500 latrines with the support of UNICEF. Some 5,500 latrine slabs have also been supplied to implementing partners in Kech, Jhal Magsi, Jaffarabad, Nasirabad, Bolan, Khuzdar and Kharan districts in Balochistan. Some 40 latrines have been constructed and 250 latrine slabs distributed (out of the targeted 500 latrines) to partners in Sindh.

Protection Cluster

26. Insufficient numbers of latrines is a major issue in the formal IDP sites, collective centres (e.g in school buildings) and spontaneous settlements along roads, especially for women and young girls living make-shift road-side camps. Women and girls in particular are confronted with lack of privacy and safety. 500 pit latrines have been set up in open air locations and spontaneous road side settlements. Public services have been contracted to clean and empty latrines in 28 collective centres in Sindh.

27. Partner agencies are working with provincial and district authorities to ensure the registration of separated and unaccompanied children. Efforts are being made to simultaneously trace and reunite children with their families or make temporary alternative arrangements for unaccompanied children to prevent trafficking and other forms of exploitation. Agencies are also developing mechanisms to ensure that vulnerable children and their families are prioritized in the distribution of basic relief services.

Education Cluster

28. Provincial authorities in Sindh report that 700 schools have been partially or completely destroyed and that some schools are still submerged under flood waters in Dadu and Kamber districts. The Directorate of Education in Balochistan reports that 1,200 schools have been partially or completely damaged and 90% of affected schools require teaching/ learning materials and school furniture. In Kech district, Balochistan, 150 government schools will be provided with basic educational supplies by UNICEF; 80 out of the 150 schools will also be provided with transitional shelters targeting 4,500 children. In Khuzdar district, Balochistan, educational activities have resumed in 83 schools for 5,000 children.

29. Many children may loose at least 3 months of education this year in the worst affected areas. In some districts schools will reopen in mid-September. School enrolment rates in Balochistan and rural Sindh are the lowest in the country and there is a risk of losing more children that were enrolled if schools are not reopened soon. UNICEF and partners are working to support local authorities to find alternative shelter solutions for IDP families who are living in schools and to fumigate the buildings before children resume classes.

Nutrition Cluster

30. A Nutrition cluster has formed in Sindh and held its first meeting on 7 August. In Balochistan, the Nutrition Cluster meets weekly in Quetta.

31. Five therapeutic feeding centres for the treatment of severely malnourished children are now based at district hospitals in Sibi, Jaffarabad, Nasirabad, Khuzdar and Kech in Balochistan, and became operational as of 6 August.

32. The promotion and protection of adequate Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices is one of the most cost effective life-saving interventions in emergencies. A communications campaign has been launched in 14 districts of Balochistan and 2 districts in Sindh, with the distribution of 130,000 leaflets, newspapers, radio advertisements and posters to sensitize flood-affected people on breast-feeding and hygiene.

33. HOPE, a cluster partner in Sindh, is in the process of setting up mobile supplementary feeding centres and community-based therapeutic centres. Necessary supplies and technical support are being provided by UNICEF.

Early Recovery Network

34. FAO will undertake a detailed technical assessment of agriculture, livestock, on-farm management/irrigation and in-land and marine fisheries in the flood-affected areas. The impact on the livelihoods of the flood-affected population will also be assessed. FAO provided US$300,000 from its own resources under the technical cooperation programme.

Logistics Cluster

35. The cluster is assisting with logistics information, management and operational support (warehousing and transport) to Government organisations, UN agencies and I/NGOs free of charge. Capacity is currently available to move consignments from Quetta and Karachi to all capital towns in Balochistan and Jacobabad district in Sindh.

Cluster-specific documents, situation reports, maps including Who What Where (3W), assessments and technical guidelines relating to this emergency can be found at http://www.pfic.webexone.com. This situation report together with further information on ongoing emergencies is also available on the OSOCC Internet Website. http://www.unocha.org/vosocc and on the OCHA Internet Website http://www.reliefweb.int/.

For detailed information please contact:

Desk Officer (New York)

Ms. Heidi Kuttab
Office Tel: +1 917 367 33 65
Office Fax: +1 212 963 36 30
Email: kuttab@un.org

GCMS (Geneva)

Ms. Guadalupe de Sousa
Tel: +41 22 917 4336
email: desousa1@un.org

OCHA Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

Mr. Rajan Gengaje
Regional Disaster Response Adviser
Office Tel. +66-2288-2572
Office Fax +66-2288-1043
Mobile + 66-8-1916-1271
Email: Gengaje@un.org

Press Contact:

(NY) Ms. Stephanie Bunker
Office Tel : + 1 917-367-5126
Office Fax: + 1 212-963-1312
Email: bunker@un.org

(GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Byrs
Tel + 41 22 917 26 53
Fax + 41 22 917 00 20
E-mail: byrs@un.org

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