Pakistan floods: Situation Report No. 3

Situation Report
Originally published
The UN Disaster Management Team, in its meeting held on 29 June, 2005, agreed to form sub-groups to assess the specific needs and issues of immediate concern in Food, Water and Sanitation, Health, Shelter and Livestock & Agriculture. The Sub-Groups presented their reports and findings in their respective sectors in the meeting of the UNDMT held on 7 July, 2005. On the basis of the findings of the sub-groups, the current situation in the flood-affected areas is as follows:


Water levels in Kabul, Swat and Chitral Rivers are gradually reducing although these rivers continue to be in high and medium flood level situation. This has resulted in some respite to the affectees and allowing the authorities and humanitarian organizations to assess the damages and gear up relief activities.

In NWFP, the worst affected districts are Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera where 79 villages (24 in Peshawar, 25 in Charsadda and 30 in Nowshera) in more than 25 Union Councils have been seriously affected by the flood waters. Two persons have been killed in floodwaters in Nowshera. Standing crops on almost 26,943 acres have been destroyed. Crops mainly include maize, sorghum, fodder, vegetables and sugarcane as well as orchards and fuel wood trees. The total number of displaced and in need of food aid in these districts is estimated to be 40,000 persons including 12,070 Afghan Refugees living in 6 camps located in the affected districts. A total of 1,805 houses have been damaged by the floodwaters while 468 have been destroyed. A large number of fruit trees have been uprooted and washed away increasing vulnerability of small landholders and livestock owners. The floods have also damaged water infrastructure and drinking water sources in the most affected areas. There was damage to bridges and roads including the Michni Bridge and Takhtabad-Wazirabad road in Peshawar.

Pakistan Army is assisting the Civil Authorities in evacuating the marooned people. Majority of the people rendered homeless have taken refuge with their relatives in the nearby villages.

The floods have also affected six afghan refugee camps in the three districts affecting almost 12,270 persons (2,454 families) out of which 250 families have been rendered homeless and have been accommodated in temporary camps set by the NGOs.

Floods in the Swat River has affected seven villages in the valley. The floods also damaged 30 houses and affected 373 acres of crops. The road between Matta and Khwaza Khela was also inundated by the river.

Flood in the Chitral River has caused damage to the road network and 20 villages affecting nearly 1,000 persons. 125 houses were damaged out of which, 35 were destroyed. Burdwa Bridge linking Chitral to Gilgit as well as the bridge between Chitral and Gulmit have been washed away cutting off access to the area. Damages have also been reported from the Kalash Valley.

The outflow from Tarbela Dam combined with the floodwaters from Kabul and Swat Rivers has caused damage to many villages in Dera Ismail Khan, where almost 9,000 persons have been affected. 100 houses have been destroyed and 200 have been partially damaged by the floodwaters.


- WFP has expressed the need for immediate food support for one-month for a total of 39,360 persons (27,090 local and 12,270 Afghan Refugees) / 6,969 families (4,515 local and 2,545 Afghan Refugees) in NWFP. Food support would also be needed for a similar period for the 5,000 affectees in the Northern Areas.

- FAO has assessed the need for feeding and de-worming of 289,671 animal heads affected by the floods. The cost of feed is estimated at Rs. 65 per animal per day and de-worming at Rs. 160 per animal. The feed support would vary from 15 days to a month depending upon the situation of recovery from flood in different areas.

Northern Areas:

Damages to land and property have also been reported from the Northern Areas where low lying areas in Ghizer, Ghanche and Gilgit have been affected and a total of 989 houses have been damaged (178 in Gilgit, 161 in Ghizer and 650 in Ghanche). 322 houses have been washed out in Ghanche District alone. About 10,000 kanals of cultivated land has been eroded and 50,000 fruit and forest trees uprooted. 5,000 persons are reported to be in need of emergency assistance and help. Traffic between Ghizer and Gilgit has been suspended due to damage to a bridge. Many suspension bridges have been damaged/washed away in different areas. According to an assessment of the situation undertaken by Aga Khan Rural Support Programme, relief priorities include food, tents, clothes, medicines and pipes for drinking water.


Flood in the Indus River has affected Layyah District in Punjab. The high floodwaters have inundated 89 villages in eleven Union Councils with a population of almost 240,000 persons. A total of 41,700 persons have been evacuated to safer places and 11,000 have taken refuge in the relief camps established by the district administration. There is no report of any casualty mainly due to the timely evacuation operation undertaken by the Army in cooperation with the Civil Authorities.

On 7 July, India released about 566,200 cusecs of water in the Chenab River causing very high flood in the river and putting at risk, five districts of Punjab namely, Sialkot, Gujrat, Mandi Bahauddin, Jhang and Chiniot with a population of more than three million. The Army and Civil Authorities have started evacuating people along the river banks and adjoining areas on emergency basis. The flood would be passing through a network of barrages and thickly populated areas and ultimately joining the Indus River and Panjnad, which has already caused flooding in the southern districts of Punjab resulting in similar situation in Sindh and ultimately falling into the sea in the next eight to nine days. The District Administrations along Chenab River are actively engaged in setting up camps for the population being displaced. The assessment of damages in the upper region is in progress and facts/figures still not available.

National Response

The Provincial Government of NWFP has allocated a sum of Rs. 110 Million for provision of relief support to the affectees in the affected districts. Out of this sum Rs. 5 million has been released for relief activities in Peshawar, Rs. 3 million in Charsadda, Rs. 2 million in Nowshera, Rs. One million each for DI Khan and Chitral and Rs. 0.5 million for Swat. The Provincial Government has also distributed 4,972 food packs and 1,050 tents to the affectees in the affected districts of Peshawar, Nowshera and Charsadda. The Government has also established 17 medical centres to provide medical care to the flood affectees.

The Prime Minister of Pakistan visited the affected areas and announced a grant of Rs. 100 million in support of the affected areas of the province. The Federal Government has provided 550 food packets (32.1 kgs each), 100 tents, 200 blankets and seven cartons of medicines to authorities in Nowshera; 950 food packets to Charsadda; 200 food packets to Peshawar; and 500 food packets for distribution in Swat. Additionally, a consignment of 300 Food Packets, 200 tents 500 blankets and 6 cartons of medicines has been dispatched to the Northern Areas for distribution among the affectees.

The Provincial Governments of Punjab and Sindh have announced grants of Rs. 50 million each for relief activities to the flood affectees in NWFP.

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) has allocated a sum of Rs. 4 million for the affected areas of NWFP and Rs. 1 Million for the affectees in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. A consignment of 100 tents, 400 blankets, 100 sheets, 100 water containers, 10,000 water purification tablets, 10 bales of clothes and 600 food packs was sent on 1 July to NWFP for distribution in the affected districts. An additional consignment of 300 food parcels, tents, plastic sheets and clothing was sent to Nowshera for distribution among the affectees. PRCS has dispatched 100 tents, 300 blankets, 10 bales of clothes, medicines, 6,000 water purification tablets and 400 food parcels for distribution in Gilgit, Skardu and Astore. NWFP Branch of PRCS has provided 450 food packs to the affectees in the province. The Provincial Branch also dispatched 300 food parcels, 300 blankets, 45 kitchen sets, 35 tents, 35 ground sheets and 35 Jerry Cans to the affected areas of Swat. Balochistan Branch of the Society has donated 1,000 blankets, 1,400 water containers, and 550 floor mats for distribution among the affectees in Peshawar.

The Islamabad Administration has dispatched three truckloads of wheat flour, sugar, tea, pulses, rice, spices, vegetable ghee and other edible items for distribution among the flood affectees in Nowshera District. Nine trucks carrying 2,400 sacks of flour and 2,400 tins of ghee have been donated by different philanthropists and distributed by the Army among the affectees in Nowshera and Charsadda districts.

The Government of Punjab has provided 200 tents and a cash grant of Rs.800,000 for relief work to the affectees in Layyah District.

International Response

The UN Disaster Management Team met on 29 June, 2005 to discuss the flood situation in NWFP and the Northern Areas. Sub-Groups were formed to assess the specific needs and address issues of immediate concern in Food, Water and Sanitation, Health, Shelter and Livestock & Agriculture. The sub-groups submitted their reports and presented findings in the UNDMT Meeting held on 7 July, 2005.

UNICEF has dispatched a relief package comprising 3,000 kgs of blended food, 1,667 tarpaulin sheets, 30,000 Aqua Tabs, 1,000 Jerry Cans (10 Litres), 2,000 plastic buckets and 6,000 bars of soap. The total value of this consignment is US$ 22,575.

The WHO Representative handed over three new Emergency Health Kits to the Minister of Health of NWFP in Peshawar on 7th July 2005. Each kit is sufficient for emergency health needs of 10,000 population for three months. According to WHO, vaccine for routine immunization, vaccine for Cholera and Typhoid, anti-snake venom and the stock of disposable syringes are available in the required quantities at the offices of EDO's Health of Charsadda, Peshawar and Nowshera for immediate immunization.

OXFAM-GB has rushed 10,000 empty sandbags to the affected areas of NWFP for protection works. OXFAM will also provide livestock fodder for 8,000 animals belonging to 2,000 most affected families, hygiene kits for 2,000 families and launch Hygiene Awareness Campaign in the affected areas of NWFP. Additionally, OXFAM plans to provide cooked food for 1,500 families for one week, non-cooked food for 1,500 families, 50 latrines for relief camps, hygiene kits and drinking water in the affected areas of Layyah District in Punjab.

UNDP has rushed 10,000 empty sandbags to the affected areas of NWFP for protection works. UNDP has also provided a sum of Rs. 50,000 to Golain Welfare Society in Chitral for construction of a foot bridge in Golain Valley near Kaghozi Town on Chitral-Mastuj Road which would provide access to nearly 2,000 families for relief support and other relevant activities.

The US Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided a grant of US$ 50,000 to the International Rescue Committee for provision of food for 2,000 families in the affected areas as well as 60,000 sand bags to help local authorities for flood protection work.

Catholic Relief Service has dispatched Food Packs, soaps and water containers for 1,000 families and Plastic Sheets for 250 families for distribution in Peshawar, Nowshera and Mardan.

Al-Rasheed Trust has provided 100 tents and 280 food packs (20 kg wheat flour, 500 grams tea, 2 kg pulses, 2.5 kg oil and 2 kg sugar) to the Afghan Refugees affected by the floods in NWFP.

The Provincial Government of NWFP has issued an appeal to the donors and UN for help in provision of relief and rehabilitation support to the flood affectees. However, there is no appeal from the Federal Government for international assistance but the help from bilateral and multilateral partners including UN is welcomed.

Details of the National and International Response are attached at Annexes-A and B respectively.