Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2003/0119
OCHA Situation Report No. 3
Pakistan - Floods
starting on 22 July 2003
This report is based on information provided by the UN Resident Coordinator's Office in Islamabad, the Government of Pakistan and media reports.
I Situation, Damage and Needs
1. The southern and southwestern parts of Pakistan have been struggling from the effects of floods due to excessive monsoon rains during the last two weeks in July, especially from the second round of monsoon rains that started on 22 July 2003. Sindh and Balochistan are the worst affected provinces but also the North Western Frontier Province has been hit. According to the media more than 230 people have died since monsoon rains began in mid July.
2. Relief activities are gaining momentum even though there has been some rain during the last days in the lower regions of Sindh and particularly in the worst hit areas of Badin, Thatta, Hyderabad and Karachi. Focus is now on provision of relief supplies to the people in camps and those trapped in the affected area and unwilling to be evacuated as they see gradual decrease in the water levels. The outflow of people from the camps is continuing at a slow pace. The challenge still remains to access the affected population as most of the roads in the worst affected regions of Thatta and Badin continue to remain under water and delivery of relief items is undertaken through airdrops and boats. Relief work in Tharparkar, Karachi, Hyderabad, Dadu, Nawabshah, Larkana and Shikarpur has also been stepped up both by the Government and NGO Community.
3. The Relief Department of the Government of Sindh has expressed urgent need for tents, blankets, sheets, lanterns, mosquito nets, medicines, medical supplies, anti snake venom, water bowzers, jerry cans, water purification tablets, and miscellaneous food items such as flour, pulses, cooking oil, sugar, tea, milk powder, etc. as well as cooking utensils.
4. Rain is reported to have taken place during the last two days in Jafarabad, Naseerabad, Lasbela and coastal zone. The wide spread torrential rains caused havoc in the province destroying standing crops, orchards, houses, small water reservoirs, flood protection and water supply schemes. The affected districts include Jafarabad, Naseerabad, Bolan, Jhal Magsi, Harnai, Ziarat, Khuzdar, Lasbela, Turbat and Awaran. The situation in Naseerabad, Jafarabad, Jhal Magsi and Lasbela Districts is reported to be more serious with some people only being accessible by helicopters and boats.
5. Major infrastructure and road network has been seriously affected. Traffic has resumed on all roads by diverting traffic through temporary diversions, however, it is still suspended on the Coastal Highway.
6. According to the findings of the UN Inter-Agency Rapid Assessment Mission which was deployed to Balochistan, food, shelter, medical supplies water purification tablets, and jerry cans are needed. Access to the flood affected areas needs to be re-established.
Summary table of the situation in the most affected provinces of Sindh and Balochistan:
(according to the Relief Department, Government of Sindh)
(According to the UN Interagency Rapid Assessment Report)
|Persons killed||154, including 124 bread earners||41|
|Persons injured||249||more than 200|
|Camps established||319 with 65,498 persons||N/a|
|Houses destroyed||48,283 (43,214 mud houses, 5,069 brick houses)||N/a|
|Houses damaged||94,375 (78,449 mud houses, 15,926 brick houses)||24,000|
|Standing crops destroyed/damaged||343,188 acres||126,000 acres|
7. Sialkot and Narowal districts of the Punjab Province received heavy rains during the first days in August, which have inundated the low-lying areas. A total of six people drowned as a result of flash floods caused by these rains. Due to the heavy rains, more than 100 villages have been submerged and 13,000 acres of standing crops have been damaged. Some parts of Kasur district were affected due to heavy rains and rising level of water in Satluj River. The Government of Punjab has initiated assessment of the damages for compensating the flood victims. Scattered rains are still taking place in different parts of the Punjab Province but the situation is well within control of the local authorities so far.
North Western Frontier Province
8. Like many other parts of the country, rain and windstorms also hit Nowshera, Swabi, Bunner and Charsadda districts. In Nowshera rain and windstorms caused heavy destruction as floods swept away some houses and damaged the standing crops.
9. The Mardan-Nowshera road was heavily flooded and submerged in floods from the motorway interchange up to Nowshera bridge. Heavy rain, starting late Saturday night, continued pouring down for almost seven hours coupled with windstorm. Due to heavy rains, the bank of the Minor Rashkai canal broke and the floodwaters have damaged some houses and standing crops and livestock in the villages of Bajauri Koroona, Akhotabad, Rashakai, Kulanjar and Khan Mohammad Koroona.
10. District Charsadda was also hit by rain and windstorms. Reportedly two persons were killed when a roof of a floor mill collapsed. Torrential rains hit Tank, Mardan and South Waziristan agency on Monday. The most hit area was South Waziristan Agency. According to information received, the rain caused a flood-like situation damaging several houses and standing crops. During this calamity at least six persons lost their lives according to unconfirmed reports. The Provincial Government is in control of the situation.
II National and International Response (update)
11. The Federal Government as well as provincial governments have launched a massive relief operation. Cash as well as in-kind support is being provided to the affected population as indicated in previous reports.
12. The Government of Switzerland, through SDC, provided CHF 50,000 (approx. USD 36,700) for rehabilitation work in Dadu and Tharparkar districts.
13. ICRC has contributed US$ 50,000 to the Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) for blankets and medical camps. PRCS has also allocated nearly US$ 50,000 from its own resources for relief work in Sindh and Balochistan provinces.
14. The International NGO Forum comprising of Islamic Relief, SCF-UK and OXFAM-GB, Action Aid, Catholic Relief Service, Concern Pakistan and Church World Service has agreed to jointly contribute USD 340,350 to respond to the immediate needs of the flood affected population of Badin, Thatta and Dadu districts. The Forum is planning to use these funds for provision of food and non-food packages in the relief camps and for people stranded in the villages. These packages will consist of essential food items, water purifiers with containers, hygiene kits and cooking utensils. SCF-UK is routing their food relief assistance to Tharparkar through Thardeep Rural Development Programme (TRDP) and to Badin through Strengthening Participatory Organization (SPO). OXFAM-GB is planning to launch a hygiene education programme in 25 villages of Badin to address issues of clean drinking water and use of hygiene kits. Their contribution to the INGO Forum and additional hygiene programme is estimated at USD 90,000. Concern Pakistan has distributed tents worth EUR 40,000 (USD 45,610) in Badin through the Church World Service. Focus Humanitarian Assistance has provided food assistance to 500 families for 7 days and plans to provide mosquito coils and water purification tablets to these families for ten days. National Rural Support Programme (NRSP) is providing relief assistance to the affected people belonging to its Community Organizations. It has also provided food rations to 514 households and cooked food in relief camps in Golarchi Taluka to 2,175 persons and medical assistance to 668 persons so far.
15. The UN Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) met on 6 August to review the findings of the UN Inter-Agency Rapid Assessment Mission for Balochistan and the status of the current situation in Sindh. It was decided that the UN would continue to focus its activities on Thatta, Badin and Tharparkar districts in Sindh. In view of the increased need for health related activities, WHO agreed to send their Emergency Medical Officer from NWFP to support the current operation in Sindh. UNFPA also agreed to dispatch their Provincial Programme Officer in Sindh to join the UN Team constituted for coordination and monitoring distribution of relief supplies provided by UN Agencies. A donor and NGO briefing meeting was organized by the UN Resident Coordinator on 7 August in Islamabad to share information on the disaster situation as well as the national and international response so far.
16. UN activities (update): UNICEF: In addition to the previous delivery of ORS (oral rehydradion salt) packets, water purification tablets and Jerry Cans, UNICEF has initiated further procurement of Jerry Cans and water purification tablets worth USD 40,000. UNDP allocated USD 50,000 for coordination, monitoring and logistics support of relief activities in Sindh. WFP has started procurement of food supplies worth USD 200,000 for distribution to 240,000 beneficiaries in Thatta, Badin, and Tharparkar districts. Half of the food supplies are being directed to Badin being the worst affected district. WHO is further providing 50,000 water purification tablets and 50,000 packets of ORS worth USD 15,000. WHO has worked out the requirements of medical supplies both of Sindh and Balochistan, which is estimated to cost USD 1,170,873. An appeal to donors for necessary funds has been made. OCHA made available an emergency grant of USD 50,000 drawn from its own sources (USD 25,000) as well as from pre-positioned funds provided by the Government of Norway (USD 25,000) for purchase of shelter materials.
17. Updates on contributions to this disaster may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website (http://www.reliefweb.int). Donors are requested to verify this table and inform OCHA Geneva of corrections/additions/values. Donors are encouraged to notify OCHA Geneva of their contributions to this disaster using the OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format, available electronically in the above mentioned Financial Tracking Website.
18. OCHA is in close contact with the UN Resident Coordinator in Islamabad, and will revert with further information, when it becomes available.
19. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int
Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10
Mr. Rudolf M=FCller/ Mr. Klavs Quiding
Direct Tel. +41-22-917 31 31/17 69
(GVA): Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 26 53
(N.Y.): Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. +1-212-963 87 40
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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