Pakistan floods 2014: Recovery Needs Assessment and Action Framework 2014-16
In the first week of September 2014, heavy monsoon rains and floods in the catchment areas of the eastern rivers of Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Jhelum, resulted in flash floods that collapsed homes in Punjab, Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K). According to latest figures, 367 persons lost their lives, more than 2.5 million people were affected by the floods and rains, and 129,880 houses were partially damaged or destroyed. Over 1million acres of cropland and 250,000 farmers were affected, in most cases resulting in the loss of standing food, fodder or cash crops. Non-farm sources of livelihoods and services affected include many small enterprises, manufacturing and processing businesses and loss of wage employment due to disruption of the economy.
At present, the biggest challenge is that of restoring lives and livelihoods ideally to a level where they become more resilient to future disasters, and structural and non-structural disaster risk reduction measures are inculcated at all steps of recovery process. The estimated cost of the recovery effort is US$ 439.7 million, including US$ 56.2 million which are would help build resilience of the affected population and their productive assets.
This Recovery Needs Assessment describes the strategic basis for a response to the 2014 floods in Pakistan. The document identifies and estimates the cost steps to bridge the gap between relief and rehabilitation by concentrating on interim, transitional and immediate actions to assist the affected population restore their lives and livelihoods. The RNA prioritises four sectors: Housing, Agriculture, Livelihoods and Community Infrastructure, with Disaster Risk Reduction and “build back better” as the overarching themes.
The RNA caseload and cost estimates are based on the data collected by the governments of Punjab and AJ&K through the district governments and relevant line departments. Both the governments have put in place multiple levels of validation and triangulation to ensure the credibility of needs and recovery costs. In addition, the teams of NDMA and relevant UN agencies (FAO, ILO, UNDP, UN-Habitat and WFP) carried out spot checks to selected locations to verify the data reported by the provincial governments.
The projected timeframe for these activities is up to 24 months. The framework projects the costs of two approaches, “replacement” and “build-back-better”. The slightly more focused action plans for the priority areas of housing, agriculture, non-farm livelihoods and community physical infrastructure are included as annexes, as well as an annex on Disaster Risk Reduction. Costs reported in the document were established through a robust process undertaken by the government. The figures reflect needs and projected expenditures as of the third week of October 2014. These will be reviewed, refined and verified for the available data, and accounting for changes in physical and financial gaps resulting from the recovery efforts of the affected population.
The RNA implementation will follow the guiding policies of early recovery and will be led by the federal and provincial governments: NDMA at the federal level and PDMA Punjab and SDMA for the province of Punjab and AJ&K, respectively. The cash transfers and grants, already underway for certain interventions, will use the government transmission channels and the extensive verification processes already put in place by the Governments of Punjab and AJ&K. The technical assistance and additional support, especially for building community resilience across the priority sectors, may be provided by the international community using appropriate implementation channels and strategies in coordination with the NDMA, PDMA and SDMA.