In Pakistan consecutive disaster from 2010, 2011, and 2012 affected above 1/5th of the area of the country and contributed towards cropping up different needs immediate and longer terms for the affected population in affected districts. In Pakistan, once again 07 districts Kashmore,
Jaffarabad, Jacoabad, Shikarpur, Shikarpur, Rajanpur and Naseerabad have been declared by NDMA the most adversely affected districts. In 2012, according to MIRA report total affected population is 138408. 48.3% to 50% of population in affected area is women. 3.1% to 5.2% women are reported HoH. 36-39% population is children under 14 year. 2%-6.2% population in affected areas is elderly (> 60). 22-23% reported problems with marginalization and exclusion of elderly and persons with disabilities. 1.3-1.6% women are reported as unaccompanied and with no support. 22-23% of KI reported problems with marginalization and exclusion of elderly and persons with disabilities.
Floods resulting from monsoon rains have affected nearly 5 million people, damaging over 630,000 houses in the worst-hit districts in Pakistan. Whilst the humanitarian community is continuing relief operations, the lack of adequate housing, food, clean water and medical assistance due to insufficient funding, feeds a vicious circle where women and children deprived of these basic needs are more prone to disease and other complications from malnutrition, exposure, and cold weather.
According to the findings of the Livelihood Recovery Appraisal conducted by the Food Security Cluster, floods in three successive years have taken their toll on livelihoods. Flood-affected people from past years (2010 and 2011) to continue, The third consecutive year of flooding in the same districts has had a devastating effect on the livelihoods of the people of the districts: an estimated 95 per cent of standing crops were affected or destroyed, and 50 per cent of agriculture and livestock based livelihood families were affected. Currently, the Food Security cluster– like the other clusters - is in the process of conducting a detailed food security assessment for Monsoon 2012 in the seven most flood-affected districts of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan.
Wheat represents a major food and income source for these families and the loss of the season will set families back with further debt, and less food and income for the upcoming year.