Pakistan

Pakistan Emergency Situational Analysis - District Kamber Shahdadkot, July 2014

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1 Background Information

1.1Introduction

1.1.1 History

The history of Kamber Shahdadkot is akin to its surrounding districts i.e Larkana, Shikarpur and Jacobabad. This district was a part of the region ruled by Kalhoros and Talpurs. Both these dynasties are the decedents of Abbasids. They arrived in Sindh during the invasion of Nadir Shah. According to historical records, Shahdadkot was founded around 1713. It was a major town on the route between Larkana and Gandawah1. Kalhoro dynasty ruled this area from 1700 to 1783 and the Talpur dynasty ruled from 1783-1843. However, the Talpurs were overthrown by the British East India Company, led by General Charles James Napier2.

During the British rule, the town of Jacobabad was the administrative headquarters of the Upper Sind Frontier District of the Bombay Presidency. General John Jacob, who was sent as Brigadier General, established many outposts to protect Upper Sindh Frontier from mountain robbers. These outposts guarded the border from 1839 to 1858 through Dost Ali, Shahdadkot, Garhi Khero, Rojhan, Jacobabad, Dilmurad, Garhi Hassan, Tangwani, Kandh Kot, Kunri and Kashmore posts. He constructed roads, bridges and canals to develop Garhi Khero, Shahdadkot, Kamber and Larkana areas and brought peace and trade. John died in 1858. The Indian British government then made Shahdadkot a taluka of Upper Sindh Frontier Jacobabad District in 1883-843. Later on, after independence, Kamber and Shahdadkot both remained talukas of District Larkana. In 2005, the government of Pakistan bifurcated Larkana forming a new district called Kamber Shahdadkot, including the towns of Kambar Khan and Shahdadkot.

1.1.2 Geography

District Kamber-Shahdadkot is situated in the north-west of Sindh, Pakistan. The district lies between 67o 10’ to 68o 12’ east longitude and 27o 26’ 31” to 27o 58’ 55” north latitude. It is bounded by district Larkana in the east, Baluchistan province in the north-west, district Shikarpur and Jacobabad in the north-east and district Dadu in the south.

The Climate of Kamber Shahdadkot district is similar to that of Jacobabad, which is the severest in the province as well as in the country. The climate of Kamber Shahdadkot district is mainly dry, with rain-fall varying between 5 to 10 inches (or 127 to 254 mm) in a year. The highest temperature ever recorded in Sindh was 53.5 °C (128.3 °F), which was recorded in Mohenjo daro on 26 May 2010. It was not only the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan but also the hottest, reliably measured, temperature ever recorded in the continent of Asia and the