Pakistan

Pakistan: Earthquake OCHA situation report No. 7

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HIGHLIGHTS

- Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) reports that at least 5,000 winterized tents are required immediately. NDMA, Government of Balochistan, UN Agencies and the humanitarian community are working on the Winter Response Plan in the earthquake affected areas of Ziarat and Pishin districts.

- According to WHO-Ministry of Health (MoH) joint assessment, it is estimated that 30 to 35% of the affected population need some kind of psychosocial support.

SITUATION

1. An earthquake of magnitude 6.4 has hit Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan on 29 October. According to the US Geological Survey, the epicenter of the quake was in Chiltan mountains, 80 kilometers northwest of Quetta. The first tremor struck at 4:09 am local time (23:09 GMT) at a depth of 10 kilometer while the second one came at 5:15 am. The affected region is the mountainous area extending from Ziarat, about 110 KMs northeast of Quetta to Pishin, Qilla Abdullah to Chaman (border town along Afghan border). Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) reports that the worst hit area falls within villages Khanozai and Topa Achakzai in eastern Pishin district and Wachun Kawas village in Ziarat district and possibly Harnai district (east of Ziarat).

2. With the current freezing temperatures, reconstruction of houses will not be possible until April and transitional housing will be required for the affected population. Women and children specifically are at a greater risk of illness and display more significant signs of depression and trauma. The Government of Balochistan, NDMA and humanitarian community are working on the Winter Response Plan which focuses on the distribution of winterized tents and NFIs and constructing transitional shelters for the affected population.

RESPONSE

SHELTER AND NFIs

3. The Shelter Cluster coordination is co-led by the Provincial Disaster Management Agency and IFRC and is based in Quetta. Among partners, Balochistan Rural Support Program (BRSP), UN Habitat and the Emergency Shelter Coordination (ESC) Information Management are providing shelter services.

4. As of 13 November NDMA/PDMA, Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA), the Military and BRSP have collectively distributed more than 9,000 tents and 65,000 blankets/quilts. The military has supported a number of organisations with the distribution of relief good. Currently 25 national and international organisations are involved in the shelter/NFI relief activities. In total, about 50 transitional shelters/shelter kits have been constructed/distributed, 2,000 are in the pipeline and 11,500 are being planned for distribution. More than 5,500 winterized tents have been distributed and approximately 5,000 additional will be distributed soon. According to the Provincial Disaster Management Authority, at least 5,000 additional winterized tents are required immediately. The data distribution of NFIs is not centralised yet but is expected to be compiled this week.

5. PRCS has dispatched 6,042 normal tents, 1,491 winterized tents, 34,206 blankets, 12,370 plastic sheets, 560 coal stoves, 2,580 kerosene stoves, 3,233 kitchen set, 6,530 jerry cans, 1,996 quilts, 5000 jackets and 3,875 hygiene kits to Ziarat and Pishin districts. So far, 3,361 normal tents, 1,491 winterised tents, 16,386 blankets, 4,420 tarpaulin sheets, 1,996 quilts, 2,580 kerosene stoves, 6,530 jerry cans, 1,000 food packs, 1,380 jackets along with miscellaneous items have been distributed benefiting 7,141 families.

6. CWS distributed winterised tents and blankets in various villages of the three affected areas of Zindra, Kawas, and Kech. Over the past week, the team distributed a total of 496 winterized tents and 1,984 blankets. The team also reported looting of 15 tents and 35 blankets by a local community in Ziarat. The action was out of desperation for winterised tents. The team plans to distribute another 200 winterised tents and 800 blankets in Khanozai and Balozai, Pishin district, an area from which people do not migrate during winter.

FOOD

7. WFP will provide 700 tons of food to meet the needs of 20,000 earthquake affected people for two months. WFP and NDMA have agreed to closely coordinate in order to avoid any duplication of effort. WFP food distribution started on 3 November. As of 11 November approximately 300 tons of food assistance has reached 20,000 people in Ziarat and Pishin districts.

8. Government of Pakistan and various NGOs also provided food relief. As of 11 November, the Pakistani Army distributed 517 tons of food to approximately 50,000 people. NGOs distributed up to 336 tons of food in Ziarat district. In Pishin and Harnai districts, there are few NGOs working and total NGO food assistance in these districts may be less than 20 tons.

9. In total, as of 11 November, approximately 1,170 tons of food was distributed to 55,000 people. This represents 40 days of food needs (based on WFP's ration size). The food situation in the earthquake affected area is considered saturated. Additional distributions will only be required in late December and early January. However, access problems due to snowfall may need consideration when deciding on distribution schedule for certain locations.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.