OCHA Situation Report No. 44
South Asia - Earthquake
On 16 and 17 May respectively, the ERRA / UN Early Recovery Plan was successfully launched in New York and Geneva by the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Jan Vandemoortele, and the Chief of Staff/ Deputy Chairman of the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA), Brig. Waqar Iqbal Raja. The launch event in Islamabad will be held on 22 May.
The modified Clusters have assumed their roles as Working Groups in the Hubs, except for the Protection Cluster, which shall continue to work in its same capacity until 31 July.
For better coordination purposes, ERRA has nominated District Reconstruction Units (DRUs) as focal points at the field level. In the absence of a government coordination capacity, the Pakistan Army has been asked to provide secretarial support.
The priorities of humanitarian operations are: (i) identification of camps for residual caseload and monitoring IDP returns; (ii) provision of essential services in places of origin and residual camps; (iv) mitigation of unbearable heat conditions in tents and; (v) carrying out the return barrier survey.
The general security situation in the field-based Hubs remained stable.
IDP Returns Process
As of 13 May, 76% of the families in IDP camps have returned to their places of origin, compared to 63% one week before. The increase was mainly due to amendments in return figures of Muzaffarabad. Moreover, Camp Management Organisation (CMO) has completed an exercise verifying all those who returned 'spontaneously' i.e. without assisted transport. The total figures now include these spontaneous returns.
Key priorities remained the identification and finalisation of agreements with landowners and the preparation and summarisation of transitional sites. For Muzaffarabad, seven camps have been identified: Interloop, Dawn, Thuri Park, Mera Tanolia, Malik Pura, Piro Ka Bagh, Tariq Abad.
The CMO in Pakistan-administered Kashmir (PAK) will announce this week whether the inhabitants of 18 villages - as opposed to 17 reported earlier - located in areas susceptible to seismic activity will be moved to camps in Muzaffarabad. According to the latest estimations, this would bring the total caseload of IDPs in Muzaffarabad to approximately 90,000. There would therefore be a need for additional non-food items (NFIs) as well as for food. However, storage for NFIs in Muzaffarabad is already limited.
In Muzaffarabad, the number of IDPs is likely to reach 90,000. The breakdown is as follows: residual caseload in IDP camps = 30,000; relocated communities from 18 villages = 50,000; and urban displaced from Muzaffarabad town = 10,000.
In Bagh, the deadline of 15th May given by landowners to vacate one of the camps has expired whereas negotiations on the designation of a residual camp are still ongoing.
In Mansehra, IOM is currently assisting the return of around 250 families per day from camps of under 50 families. This number can be broken down as follows: 100 families from Mansehra, 50 families from Balakot and 100 families from Bara Koh in Islamabad. All are moving to Kaghan Valley.
ERRA / UN Early Recovery Plan
The ERRA/ UN Early Recovery Plan was launched in New York and Geneva on 16 and 17 May 2006 respectively. It shall be launched on 22 May in Islamabad.
The Economic Affairs Division approved the ERRA/ UN Early Recovery Plan on 13 May. UN Agencies are asked to provide ERRA with a five-page summary of each submitted project by 31 May. The five-page project summary intends to facilitate the NOC (Non Objection Certificate) process.
Phasing Out of OCHA
OCHA Bagh closed down on 19 May follow seven months of providing coordination services to the Humanitarian Hub in Bagh. The National Humanitarian Affairs Officer seconded to the Deputy Commissioner's (DC) office will provide: a) coordination support to the DC's office; b) follow-up on contingency planning requirements; c) training of local staff on essential information management functions; and d) necessary support to ensure that the District Information Centre (DIC) is fully operational.
In line with the transition from relief to recovery, all Clusters with the exception of the Protection Cluster are either being modified into Working Groups or entirely closed. The Protection Cluster is expected to continue in its current form until 31 July. The newly established Working Groups will closely cooperate with ERRA, line ministries and other government entities during the recovery phase.
In Bagh, a Disaster Preparedness Workshop was conducted on 17 May, which was attended by the Deputy Commissioner (DC), the OCHA Head of Office, FSU head and 28 participants from various government line departments, NGOs and UN Agencies. This will be replicated in Muzaffarabad and Mansehra.
WORKING GROUP UPDATE
1. In Muzaffarabad, the issue of 'summarisation' of the tents in the camps is still pending. Since early May, Camp Management Organisation (CMO) has been requested to provide support for this.
2. In Bagh, OCHA has joined UNHCR in negotiating with Mang Bajri landowners. In a meeting with OCHA, the landowners expressed their concern on rental dues. They showed readiness to negotiate with the Government if the rental dues for the past six months were settled. CMO is reportedly ready to pay the dues.
3. IOM has expanded rubble removal operations.
4. IOM Muzaffarabad has concluded its distribution of 825 pairs of children's shoes.
WATER AND SANITATION
5. The Working Group is in the process of mapping the interventions for which commitments have been made by different organisations. Furthermore, there is lack of clarity on the process of obtaining NOCs for planned water supply schemes in rehabilitation and construction projects.
6. WHO is currently defining its transition strategy, focusing on sustainable implementation of health activities and ways to streamline the post-earthquake health achievements into regular programmes and policies of ERRA and Ministry of Health.
7. Extensive training programmes for Women Medical Officers, Lady Health Visitors, Female Medical Technicians on emergency obstetric and new born care will be initiated next week in collaboration with UNICEF and UNFPA. Until October, training workshops of 5 days each will be conducted every month.
8. More outbreak investigations are conducted with water quality testing.
9. Incinerators have been distributed to health facilities for the improvement of solid waste management. Additional incinerators were requested by the District Officer of Health in Mansehra.
8. WFP has two types of programmes:
a) 'Food-for-work' (already started in Allai and Jared, Kaghan Valley)
b) 'Food-for-training' (instead of paying incentives for a training session, food would be given).
9. Out of the total 1,952 primary schools in Mansehra / Batagram, 1,186 have been covered by UNICEF by providing tents and other items. Remaining schools will be covered by implementing partners. The process may take two months.
10. UNICEF is also supporting the Education Department by providing 2,500 tents for middle and high schools. 772 tents have already been delivered.
11. The schools are facing drinking water supply problems. UNICEF will be covering the water supply and latrine construction needs of 503 schools.
12. The Department of Education Extension (DEE) teachers training programme has completed training of Master trainers.
13. The Terms of Reference of the existing Cluster have been revised accordingly to reflect the activities planned for upcoming phase.
14. Muzaffarabad Protection Cluster has prepared and forwarded to Islamabad a paper on protection needs covering the relocation, situation in the camps / residual caseload and areas of origin.
15. Monitoring in problematic camps has been carried out by international and national staff from UNICEF, UNHCR and OCHA from 12 to 15 May to avoid forced relocations by landowners of IDPs in camps.
16. Nineteen child protection committees in Bagh and Thub were established and trainings on child protection will be planned.
17. The payment of the 2nd compensation has started. 2,000 families have received compensation. The survey is planned to end mid-June. 42,840 houses have been surveyed and forms sent to NADRA. 4,415 forms have been disputed as they are incomplete.
18. With the closure of the UNHAS mission on 31st May, the UNJLC Cargo Movement Coordination Cell (CMCC) will also close. 4 UNHAS helicopter remain behind.
19. UNJLC and HIC have developed a QuakeZone MapKit, which can be used to create maps with collected data and to build on existing spatial data.
20. Matters related to logistics will continue to be discussed bi-weekly in the Logistics Forum.
21. Regional Contingency Planning is underway and will take into account the reaction of the terrain in monsoon flooding.
WEATHER AND ACCESSIBILTY
22. Weather is getting hotter by the day and there have been reports of sporadic rains in few areas causing concern for landslides.
23. All roads are open except for the route to Kaghan Valley. The majority of secondary roads are open as well. Many tertiary roads, which are important for reaching settlements, remain blocked.
24. All detailed cluster information (meeting minutes, assessments, contact information etc.) is being posted on www.un.org.pk .
25. The latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service (http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/reportlist.asp?section=CE&record_ID=688). Further information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc105?OpenForm&rc=3&emid=EQ-2005-000174-PAK).
26. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at http://www.un.org.pk/earthquake05/ .
27. OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int.
28. Regular news on Pakistan is available from IRIN via the website www.IRINnews.org and direct e-mail subscription. Agencies wishing to contribute news article suggestions, press releases and reports with IRIN should send them to the IRIN Asia office: IRINasia@IRINnews.org, Tel +90-312 454 1177.
Tel: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10
Ms. Rebecca Richards, direct Tel. +41-22-917-3183
Mr. Christophe Schmachtel, direct Tel. +41-22-917-1751
(GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel.
(N.Y.) Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. +1-917-367-5126
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