Pakistan

Pakistan - Earthquake: OCHA Situation Report No. 24

Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2005/0204
OCHA Situation Report No. 24
South Asia - Earthquake
Pakistan

SUMMARY OVERVIEW

- The official estimates of casualties from the Federal Relief Commission, as of 18 November, are still 73,320 dead and 69,392 seriously injured.

Situation Update

- Of the total 2.3 million dependents of food assistance, it is estimated that only 1.4 million (60%) are receiving an average 1,600 kcal per day. The challenge is to significantly increase both the tonnage delivered and area covered as weather conditions impede delivery capacity by road.

- Winterization of tents remains a challenge, as it is difficult to track the type and locations of tents that have been distributed. Supply of GCI sheeting is a constraint as sufficient quantities of material are not available. Stoves are also urgently needed.

- Further supplies and staffing are needed to enable Operation Winter Race to reach its full potential within the next two weeks before severe weather sets in. An increasing number of NGOs is implementing the operation. The collaboration with both civil and military Pakistani authorities is increasing.

- People continue coming down from the highland valleys to lower grounds. The camp population in the two larger camps in Batagram -- Meira and Batagram 1 -- has increased from 6,080 to 7,652 over the last couple of days.

- According to military reports, it is not expected that large numbers of people from the Kaghan and Allai Valleys will move south towards Balakot and Mansehra, as it is assumed that the majority of the affected people have relocated by now.

- A total of 55,000 displaced persons are in both, self-settled and official, tented villages/camps throughout the NWFP, according to the military. A further 20,000 are reportedly residing with host communities.

- Conditions in camps, and particularly in the estimated 1,000 self-settled camps, are a major cause for concern. The main aim is to support and train Government civil servants and army personnel on camp management issues especially sanitation.

- Although the recent outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea in Muzaffarabad was effectively contained, the unsanitary conditions of many camps continue to give grave cause for concern since case management is never as effective as case prevention.

- An assessment mission to the Leepa Valley, located just below Neelum Valley, concluded that 2,000 families in three villages, Lubgran, Moji and Mandal, are in critical need of winterised tents.

- A UNJLC planning team has developed an overall coordination plan dubbed the 'Winter Sustainment Plan' in which special attention is given to beneficiaries in more isolated regions. The plan is developed in close consultation with the main humanitarian players and in cooperation with the Government of Pakistan. The plan introduces 'Forward Area Support Sites' (FASS) which would be located in areas not accessible by road in winter. These sites should be able to sustain the populace within a 10 km radius for at least 15 days at the time after which they should be re-supplied by air or otherwise. The participation of agencies is encouraged.

- Tremor and heavy rain continue to cause landslides, creating difficulties for the ongoing road clearing in the Neelum Valley and Laswa bypass. The Laswa bypass is expected to be closed from mid-December to mid-February due to snow. The road north of Balakot remains open.

- On 18 November, the Secretary General together with the President of Pakistan met with the civilian and military authorities, international humanitarian community working on the relief efforts and victims of the earthquake in Muzaffarabad. They also visited Thori Park camp. Kofi Annan and President Musharraf praised the efforts being made by the Pakistani Military and the international humanitarian community to bring relief to the earthquake survivors.

Funding

- By 18 November, some US$ 129 million (23.5%) has been committed/contributed against the Appeal. A further US$ 34 million has been pledged. If committed, the Appeal, for a total of US$550 million, will be 29.8% funded.

- While the consequences of lack of resources towards the Flash Appeal are ameliorated by the complementary efforts of the Government, the ability to implement critical Logistics, Shelter and Camp Management programmes is seriously hampered by the poor funding situation.

- The minimum cost for sustaining the Logistics operation at its current capacity (assuming the Government maintains use of military assets) is US$13 million per month. Current funding will only last until mid-December.

REGIONAL OVERVIEW

Muzaffarabad Overview

1. UNHCR and UNICEF have trained 32 army personnel and civilians from the Department of Social Welfare on camp management and its different components, including site and camp planning, camp standards, winterization of the tents, and water and sanitation.

2. 2,000 families in three villages, Lubgran, Moji and Mandal, are in need of food supplies that are required throughout the winter. Loss of income, due to the earthquake, has made the survivors extremely vulnerable.

3. Civil society representatives have encouraged the UN to prioritise education and to better include the middle class in the distribution systems. Their main concerns are women's access to health services and the great influx of people into Muzaffarabad. They recommended continued assistance to people at high altitude.

Mansehra Overview

4. The military continue to stress the need to ensure that adequate accommodation and services remain in place to cover both the populations that may decide to relocate as well as the significant number of displaced currently hosted by local communities who are awaiting relocation to organised settlements.

5. The military have identified four areas in the Allai district -- Pashtu, Battila, Gunther and Rashang, with a population of approximately 47,000 -- that require immediate assistance in terms of shelter, health care and water-sanitation facilities.

6. Coordination between the humanitarian community and the military has enhanced, with senior military participation at the coordination meetings, ensuring better cross-fertilization and coordination between clusters and senior military.

7. Access to Bana, the main town in Allai Valley, is difficult with poor road conditions limiting the use of heavy trucks for transportation of relief items to the communities who are still in need of aid or populations who are yet to be assisted.

Bagh Overview

8. Shelter, especially for the communities at high altitudes, is the main priority. Water and sanitation conditions in the tented villages needs to be addressed.

9. Information sharing and cooperation between the different clusters, like water and sanitation and health, education and protection, on cross-cluster issues require focused attention. The education and protection clusters, which were a combined cluster previously, have now been separated.

10. Civil-Military coordination has been strengthened, with the military assigning liaisons to the cluster groups.

Batagram Overview

11. The humanitarian community intends to continue relief assistance to the populations in need, whether they decide to remain in the highlands or descend to the lower valleys. The camp populations of the two larger camps, Batagram 1 and Meira, has increased to 7,652, despite the fact that some people are reluctant to leave their villages, because they have crops in the fields and rather prefer to stay behind.

COORDINATION OVERVIEW

12. Preparations are underway for setting up a satellite humanitarian hub in Bana, the main town in the Allai Valley, with a capacity to accommodate 10-15 staff.

13. The expert in slope instability and landslides deployed by the OCHA Environmental Emergencies Section will travel to Muzaffarabad on 19 November to assess sites of concern and provide advice to mitigate risks. The forestry experts and waste management experts have left Pakistan following final debriefings. Guidelines on landfills have been circulated.

EMERGENCY SHELTER CLUSTER

14. In Muzaffarabad, a total of 21,000 families have been provided with tents/alternative shelter. Winterisation of non-winterised tents is a concern, as there are inadequate quantities of material available. The need for additional NGOs to distribute shelter material is recommended. Identification of areas that have been covered and mapping the gaps remains a high priority.

15. In Batagram, it is estimated that only one blanket has been distributed to every ten persons. UNHCR will deliver 2/3 of their available blankets to camp populations. The additional requirement of 100,000 blankets to the people in Allai, needs focused attention as winter is closing in.

16. In Bagh, the first version of who is doing what where with an overview of shelter and NFIs that have been distributed and items that are in the pipeline, has been finalized and shared with the cluster members and the Pakistani Army. Implementing partners are dividing the areas of distribution, geographically among themselves. Over 6000 shelter kits, 15,000 winterized tents, and 8,000 tents have been distributed as of 16 November.

17. There are indications that local carpenters have doubled their prices after the Earthquake, which creates problems for shelter construction.

LOGISTICS CLUSTER

18. In Muzaffarabad, British CH-47 Chinook helicopters are being well utilized, lifting shelter materials and other associated NFIs into the mountainous communities for distribution, as of 16 November. The overall target is to lift more than 1000 tonnes during a six-day period.

19. The warehousing capacity has increased to 12 storage tents, 8 are erected at the assembly warehouse site and 4 at Muzaffarabad Airport. Sites for storage tents have been identified in the Jehlum and Leepa Valleys.

20. In Bagh, UNJLC is tailoring the "Last Mile" concept for Bagh district, however, an extended 'Forward Area Storage Site' (FASS) structure is not required for Bagh District, because of the existing logistic capacity and the limited distances within the district.

FOOD AND NUTRITION CLUSTER

21. In Muzaffarabad, a total of 2000 MTs of food has been delivered to around 300,000 beneficiaries. On 15 November, ICRC delivered food to 200 families in Neelum Valley. UNHCR has provided a list of camps in Muzaffarabad area that require food assistance.

22. In Bagh, the Pakistani Army has indicated that food distribution is sufficient in many areas and that they are concerned that the distribution is creating dependencies. In addition, concerns have been raised regarding food being delivered in excess. The military has established several food dumps in areas throughout the District.

HEALTH CLUSTER

23. 16 field hospitals, 20 mobile maternity/reproductive health teams and 9 mental health teams are in place across the affected regions. More than 30 New Emergency Health Kits and trauma kits have been distributed to health partners working with Basic Health Units, providing basic drugs and equipment for the needs of more than 300,000 people for three months. Over 300,000 children have received vaccinations, including measles, diphtheria, tetanus, polio and vitamin A.

24. In Muzaffarabad, continued reported outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in congested, spontaneous camps with insufficient sanitation, is of great concern. In the Old University Camp 45 cases, of which one severe case, were reported on 16 November. A new AWD treatment facility has been erected next to the camp and will be operational from 17 November. At Chinari ICRC hospital, two new cases of diarrhoea have been reported. At the New University camp, four cases of AWD and severe dehydration were reported on 12 and 13 November. Other priority camps are being assessed. Vaccination has started as well in four camps in Muzaffarabad. 135 mobile vaccination teams have been mobilised for different field locations.

25. In Mansehra, identifying all health agencies working in the area and new settlement sites for the displaced constitute the two main constraints for the Health Cluster.

26. In Bagh, four sub-groups have been established within the Health cluster. WFP provide food for all patients admitted in hospitals, including 2 family members per patient. A central warehouse for drugs has been erected. PIMA is setting up a Post Operative Village for some 40 people in total. The NATO is reinforcing the Dutch/NATO Military field hospital. A Czech NGO is establishing a separate field hospital.

WATER AND SANITATION CLUSTER

27. In Mansehra, WHO in collaboration with UNICEF, will be improving the sanitation facilities at the Government of Italy Field Hospital.

28. In Bagh, UNICEF is the first humanitarian organization to start water and sanitation activities in Bhirkot and Haveli Tehsil. A waste disposal site for Bagh has to be identified.

EDUCATION CLUSTER

29. At least 136 schools have re-opened in the affected areas of AJK and NWFP accommodating over 9,000 children. 1,740 'school in a box' kits will arrive on 23 November and be delivered to the field. Textbooks, supplementary readers, notebooks, slates, pencils for slates, chalks, mats, rugs/daris, and tarpaulins are also in the pipeline.

30. WFP's high energy biscuits have arrived in warehouses in Bagh, Muzaffarabad and Mansehra, and will soon be distributed to children in learning spaces.

31. A set of guidelines for minimum standards has been developed to ensure all agencies are on the same page in meeting the educational needs of the affected population.

PROTECTION CLUSTER

32. In Muzaffarabad and Mansehra, more than 7,000 children have been registered in several camps. Cases of separated and unaccompanied children have been referred to ICRC for documentation and family tracing. Additional human resources are required to scale up the registration process.

33. In Muzaffarabad, the Department of Social Welfare, with the support of UNICEF and UNHCR, is registering vulnerable people living in self-settled camps. Youth groups have been set-up in Jalalabad camp. Contact has been established with women in some of the camps, and the process of creating women groups in the camps has been initiated.

34. In Bagh, identification of lead role in registration of unaccompanied children is recommended.

35. In Batagram, three child friendly spaces have been set-up three camps and seven play areas have been set-up in Meira camp and in Battagram Tehsil.

CAMP MANAGEMENT CLUSTER

36. In Muzaffarabad, the camp survey has been completed. Eight additional camps have been assessed in collaboration with the Relief Commissioner office. The Government has decided to close five spontaneous camps: Old University Campus, New University Campus, Jalalabad camp, Agro Tech College, Narrol Stadium. Transfer of families to Thori Park will not take place before the health post and necessary sanitary facilities are established in the camp.

37. UNHCR and UNICEF have completed training of 32 civilians from the Department of Social Welfare and army personnel on camp management and its different components, including site and camp planning, camp standards, decongestion, winterization of the tents, and water and sanitation.

38. In Mansehra, additional sites for tented villages/camps will be identified by military.

39. In Bagh, a joint UNICEF/UNHCR training team has arrived to do site survey with Spanish Engineers. UNHCR has asked the NATO engineers to provide technical expertise in the establishment of formal, organised camps that the Government has requested for earthquake-affected populations.

40. In Batagram, the camp population in the two larger camps is increasing. Meira camp, with a capacity to accommodate 30-40,000 people (according to the authorities), has attracted more than 1,500 people in a 3-day period.

General Information

41. All detailed cluster information (meeting minutes, assessments, contact information etc.) is being posted on www.un.org.pk.

42. The latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service (http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/reportlist.asp?section=CE&record_ID=688). Further information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc105?OpenForm&rc=3&emid=EQ-2005-000174-PAK).

43. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at http://earthquake05.un.org.pk/

44. OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int.

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Desk Officers:

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Ms. Kirsten Gelsdorf, direct Tel. +41-22 917 1843
Ms. Rebecca Richards, direct Tel. +41-22 917 3183

Press contact:

(GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 2653
(N.Y.) Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. + 1-917 367 5126

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