Pakistan - Earthquake: OCHA Situation Report No. 23

Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2005/0202
OCHA Situation Report No. 23
South Asia – Earthquake


Casualty Figures

The official estimates of casualties from the Federal Relief Commission, as of 14 November, 73,320 dead and 69,392 seriously injured.

Situation Update

- Given the imminent onset of winter, there is an urgent need to ensure that assistance is in place, whether people decide to stay in place or to move down.

- The delivery of assistance – shelter, food and non-food items - to populations living in remote villages at high elevations remains a major priority.

- A mixed picture of population movement has emerged. The camp population in the two larger camps in Batagram district has now risen to 6,080, while 50 new families reportedly arrive daily in self-settled camps in Muzaffarabad. At the same time, some 37,000 people in six major settlements at the top of Serin Valley are not expected to relocate before the onset of winter.

- Allai valley has been highlighted as a particular concern. Attention is also being focused on pre-positioning of food to areas above the snow line, especially to the Neelum, Jehlum, Allai and Kaghan Valleys, and putting mechanisms in place to try and reach remote areas as regular access diminishes.

- In lower valleys, there is an emphasis on improving conditions in the camps, with a strong focus on ensuring suitable locations and capacity given the potential movement of populations to lower valleys, supporting camp management, providing essential assistance in all areas, but particularly addressing the critical water and sanitation needs.

- The reported outbreak of acute watery-diarrhoea has been brought under control, with less reported cases from the Old University camp in Muzaffarabad. However, it continues to be a concern, particularly in self-settled camps, as populations are increasing.

- Adequate water and sanitation facilities remain a critical component of averting any major disease outbreak in the camps. One initiative to improve these facilities is for Camp Management and Water-Sanitation cluster counterparts in the field to train troops from the Pakistani Military to support and implement key activities.

- According to FAO, 200,000 livestock have died as a result of the earthquake, and effort should be made to save the rest. Storage facilities for livestock feed is needed for livestock in order to guaranty food security in the future.

- Priority areas for food distribution are Neelum Valley, Jehlum Valley, Allai and Kaghan. The amount of food sent to Neelum and Jehlum Valley and staffing for distribution has to increase significantly.


The UN Flash Appeal is currently 29.3% funded, including both US$120 million committed and US$40 million pledged against the requested US$550 million. While funding for the Appeal has risen slightly in recent days, only 5% and 9% of respective requirements for the critical clusters, Shelter and Water and Sanitation, have been met.


1. A joint mission between OCHA/UNEP and the Ministry of Environment (MoE), focusing on the earthquake and subsequent relief operation’s impact on the natural resources (especially wood) of the earthquake-affected areas, has been completed. The mission’s findings and recommendations have been presented to the Ministry of Environment, relevant clusters and other counterparts.

2. The UN Early Recovery Framework, which has been prepared in preparation for the Government’s conference on reconstruction on 19 November, reflects activities essential to the transition from relief to reconstruction, but also highlights on-going relief/recovery activities, such as shelter provision.

3. Information management has improved with stronger links now in place between HIC and FRC data management structures. Regular data and information exchange, shared assessments and sharing of geographic data will help build a more comprehensive picture. The HIC is also helping to build FRC mapping capacity.

4. A total of 13 medical teams have been mobilized by the Ministry of Health and WHO to provide primary health care to affected populations in remote areas. WHO is providing essential health kits and appropriate training to more than 200 voluntary community health workers mobilized by the NGO NCHD to inaccessible areas.

Muzaffarabad Overview

5. People from the highlands are arriving and settling in the self-settled camps in Muzaffarabad city. There is an ongoing survey of new camp-sites.

6. Increased coordination of water distribution through tankers between the organizations and the army has been recommended.

Mansehra Overview

7. The District Coordinator’s Office has reportedly provided compensation payment for loss of family members or totally damaged houses to approximately 12,000 beneficiaries in Mansehra district. Concern has been expressed regarding populations whose houses are only partially damaged yet still uninhabitable, as they are also in need of compensation in order to rebuild. A survey of the spontaneous settlements in Mansehra district is currently underway.

8. Joint Emergency Shelter and Camp Management cluster meetings have been introduced to respond more effectively to cross-cutting issues. Emergency Shelter and Camp Management cluster meetings are being introduced in Balakot in order to better link operational agencies in Balakot to counterparts in Mansehra, and to be closer to operational partners in Balakot. Participation by the Pakistani Military at the cluster working level is being encouraged.

Bagh Overview

9. Shelter material, food and health facilities that are limited on the ground and are insufficient to meet the needs of the affected populations of the area.

10. Information regarding priority areas above 5,000 feet, provided by the Pakistani military, is being matched with information from the agencies/NGOs to determine areas that have been partially or fully covered, and areas that have not been reached.

Batagram Overview

11. Attention is required to assist people who are in need of shelter and food, in particular, in the Allai Valley. In order to be prepared for people descending from the highlands, the pre-positioning of stocks in Bana has been recommended.

12. Populations in the two larger camps, Batagram 1 and Meira, continue to increase. The army is still committed to assisting people in remote villages to descend to lower levels before winter.

Batagram Coordination Overview

13. Coordination and information sharing amongst the humanitarian agencies and with the local authorities is improving. Cooperation with the Pakistani Military is effective.


14. A growing number of NGOs are implementing the ongoing ‘Winter Race’ operation. A total of 565 shelter kits have been delivered to high altitude communities in the Neelum Valley to date, benefiting an estimated 3,500 people. In addition, as of 13 November, the Pakistani Military has built 800 shelters. Such complementary action remains essential to address the needs in high-risk areas.

15. Shelter kits are being procured, transported and delivered for onward distribution by helicopter to areas and villages inaccessible by road at an altitude between 5,000 and 7,000 feet. Discussions and plans are underway with the Pakistani Military, aiming to provide 120 teams, to scale up distribution of shelter kits, and to improve coordination of the provision of shelter by both the Pakistani Military and the international community.

16. In Muzaffarabad, shelter cluster members have been encouraged to take advantage of training/briefing opportunity with the IOM teams to replicate similar initiatives in other areas. ICRC have distributed non-food items to approximately to 200,000 people in Muzaffarabad, and Neelum and Jehlum Valleys.

17. Air drops are a major concern in Neelum Valley, without proper and organised distribution on the ground.

18. In Mansehra, the shelter cluster has completed the first phase of who is doing what where information gathering exercise, collating data from over 20 humanitarian agencies working in NWFP. Preliminary findings have been presented to the military. This information has made it possible to identify gaps in geographical areas.

19. In Batagram, the shortage of winterised tents, blankets and quilts is of great concern.

20. In Bagh, information provided by the military regarding priority areas above 5,000 feet is being matched with information from the agencies/NGOs to determine areas that have been partially or fully covered, and areas that have not yet been reached.

21. The shelter cluster has obtained the following data from the humanitarian community on emergency shelter items distributed and in pipeline:

Shelter kits
Iron sheets
In pipeline


22. In Muzaffarabad, the warehousing capacity has increased to eight storage tents (5 WFP, 1 UNICEF and 2 inter-agency) erected onsite. Three rubbhalls will be set up in Jehlum Valley. A total of 600 MTs of shelter materials and non-food items have been prepared by the emergency shelter cluster to be airlifted to Neelum Valley by British Chinooks, starting on 15 November.

23. In Mansehra, WFP has offered free storage space for humanitarian partners. Agency participation at the coordination meetings should be strengthened to provide JLC with the require updates on NFIs, current stocks, pipeline etc.

24. In Batagram, the main concern are road conditions and logistical arrangements to Allai Valley.

25. In Bagh, a working-group within the logistics cluster will be formed to conduct initial planning with regards to establishment of Forward Area Supply Sites (FASS) and to tailor the “Last Mile” operation concept to the needs in the Bagh District.


26. In Muzaffarabad, establishment of warehouses and distribution points are being finalised by NGO implementing partners, and delivery of a total of 473 MTs of mixed commodities to warehouses in Chatter Klaas, Lohar Garli, Ghari Dupatta, Barsala and Danna is completed. A total of 8.43 MTs of mixed commodities has been distributed to 180 families in Neelum and Jehlum Valleys. Food distribution will continue from five distribution points, targeting 150,000 beneficiaries.

27. In Mansehra, 5,000 children under 5 are receiving high-energy biscuits (HEBs) through lady health workers. An additional number of 20,000 children are in need of HEBs.

28. In Bagh, there is a concern related to limited local transportation from hand-over points to final destination for food distribution in Haveli Tehsil.


29. After an intensive training course for 10 logisticians, the UN Logistics Support System (LSS) is now fully functional at the two WHO warehouses in Mansehra and Muzaffarabad as well as at the Ministry of Health pharmacy at Abbas Hospital (AIMS) in Muzaffarabad.

30. In Muzaffarabad, cases of acute watery diarrhoea are still reported from the Old University Camp, but the situation has stabilised. The establishment of an effective rehydration treatment centre, clean drinking water provision and hygiene messages had an immediate impact on the number of diarrhoea cases in Muzaffarabad from 170 cases on 7 November to 20 cases on 12 November with no related deaths. Water and sanitation installations in Thori Park camp are still to be completed. The Department of Health and WHO have provided health educational material in Urdu to NGOs for distribution in the camps.

31. In Mansehra, there is a specific need for female doctors, orthopaedic and reconstructive specialists, and rehabilitative and reconstructive staff. Epidemiological teams are continuing data collection and analysis.

32. In Batagram, WHO has received cholera testing kits and cholera treatment kits for 625 patients. Ministry of Health (MoH), in collaboration with WHO and UNICEF, is conducting vaccination against measles in Allai Tehsil.

33. In Bagh, one of the main concerns is the risk of disease outbreak due to the poor sanitation facilities in the area. The Ministry of Health has reported a shortage of regular medicines. Health organisations that intend to initiate activities in Bagh, should liases with the cluster before deployment in order to avoid duplication.


34. In Muzaffarabad, a total of 1,081 latrines have been installed in the camps. The main challenge is insufficient supplies of latrine material. An agreement has been reached with manufacturing companies to provide 200 latrines per day. Rapid inter-agency response to the alarming conditions at the Old University Camp has included installation of an additional water storage tank, construction of replacement latrines and distribution of hygiene kits.

35. Although there are inadequate quantities of hygiene kit available, 20,000 hygiene kits are in the pipeline, and another 20,000 have been ordered. Hygiene training programmes will be organized for local camp managers to ensure hygiene promotion and distribution of hygiene kits.

36. Priority tasks have been identified to respond to the current water and sanitation situation in the camps, as follows: (1) target the larger population location; (2) active hygiene promotion targeting all the camps; (3) effective monitoring of the water quality and quantity provided by water tankers; (4) construction of latrines and hand washing facilities; (5) formulating a routine supplies distribution plan.

37. In Batagram, there is a continued and urgent need to improve the water and sanitations facilities – to repair the water pipes and install latrines.

38. In Bagh, limited water and sanitation activities are reported in the rural areas of Bagh. The latrine coverage is expected improve within the coming week.


39. In Muzaffarabad, UNICEF has handed over 20 school tents to the Department of Education as an initial response for the re-opening of schools as soon as clearing of rubble has been completed.

40. Schools are being established at the Thori Park and Mera Tanolia camps.


41. In Muzaffarabad, the key issue is to get an overview of the situation of vulnerable groups, including children, single parents, women at risk and victims of violence. Registration of vulnerable groups has been introduced in 28 camps and community tent centres. The situation of women and children, and their access to aid at distribution points in the mountainous areas will be assessed in order to identify possible protection gaps.

42. There is a need for care arrangements for unaccompanied children who are discharged from hospitals, either to find foster families or to let families in neighbouring tents have a special responsibility to oversee the child’s situation. Information to the communities about the possibility for tracing support from ICRC ought to be strengthened.

43. In Mansehra, identification and registration of unaccompanied and separated children is ongoing. Child friendly spaces are established in all major camps.


44. UN agencies are conducting a crash course on camp management for Pakistani authorities to ensure appropriate living conditions for the increasing number of spontaneous settlements in populated areas.

45. In Muzaffarabad, families from highlands continue to descend to the city. To some of the self-settled camps, around 50 new families arrive daily. Ongoing There are assessments to identify spontaneous camps that should be closed/re-established. Due to the high number of acute watery diarrhoea cases, movement of people from one camp to another will be contingent on available clinic and necessary sanitation facilitates on the site. Government authorities have decided to expand Thori Park camp to accommodate more families.

46. In Mansehra, 1,000 tents, 3,000 plastic sheets, 3,000 blankets, 900 kitchen sets and 1,500 jerry cans were distributed by the UNHCR in the upper valleys and existing spontaneous settlements, including army-administered camps in the Mansehra district. UNHCR has completed a preliminary identification of “who, what where”.

47. In Batagram, the populations in the two larger camps, Batagram 1 and Meira, continue to increase.

14 November
10 November
Batagram 1


48. The recommendations of the joint OCHA/UNEP and Ministry of Environment mission, assessing the earthquake and subsequent relief operation’s impact on the natural resources of the affected areas comprise:

(1) identification of local solutions to supply the displaced people in the tented villages with the appropriate energy/fuel and the stove type;

(2) promotion of multi-family cooking in tented villages/camps and energy-saving practices in general;

(3) dissemination of improved fuel-efficient stoves and promotion of energy saving techniques for energy-saving purposes;

(4) site selection and camp management should follow UNHCR’s the environmental guidelines;

(5) promotion of earthquake resistant houses for reconstruction

(6) assessment required for the artificial dam at Chakar in order to define the flooding risk and to identify possible mitigation measures;

(7) satellite remote sensing of the damages of the whole earthquake-affected area for proper planning of rehabilitation of the infrastructure and for the future land-use and tenure of the area;

(8) involvement of the local forest service in the relief operation;

(9) repair of forest service infrastructure and deployment of sufficient staff to the affected area.


49. In Bagh, VSAT has been installed. PACTEC to establish internet café at base camp for use of NGOs.


50. All detailed cluster information (meeting minutes, assessments, contact information etc.) is being posted on

51. The latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service ( information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (

52. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at

53. OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at

Tel.: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23

In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

Desk Officers:

Ms. Merete Johansson, direct Tel. +41-22-9171694
Ms. Kirsten Gelsdorf, direct Tel. +41-22 917 1843
Ms. Rebecca Richards, direct Tel. +41-22 917 3183

Press contact:

(GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 2653
(N.Y.) Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. + 1-917 367 5126


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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